Pater Gratia Oriental Art

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Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 

 

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Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2011628
2011628

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011628

 

Covered jar


China

 

c.1700

 

Height including cover 178 mm (7.01 inch), height excluding cover 129 mm (5.08 inch), diameter of mouthrim 72 mm (2.83 inch), diameter of footring 92 mm (3.62 inch), weight with cover 649 grams (22.89 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 152 grams (5.36 ounce (oz.))

 

Cylindrical covered jar on footring with a glazed base. Fitted with gilt-bronze mounts and a floral decorated gilt-bronze cover with shaped finial. The original cover is missing. Decorated in underglaze blue with three panels filled with a flower head and leafy scrolls alternating with leafy scrolls. Around the rim a border with three florets between scrolls The cover is decorated with leafy scrolls. On the base a double circle in underglaze blue.

 

Such covered jars, called doppotten in Dutch, dop meaning 'cover', are typical of the assortment for the Dutch market. They are still to be found in private and public collections, usually ribbed, painted in underglaze blue and showing a great variety of decorations. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.111

 

For similarly shaped and decorated covered jars, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1980, cat. 140 & 141

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 107

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011022
2011022

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011022

 

Bowl

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 78 mm (2.71 inch), diameter of rim 157 mm (4.92 inch), diameter of footring 63 mm (1.97 inch)

 

Bowl or klapmuts on footring with a spreading flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue on the outside with a continuous scene of a "Long Eliza" figure holding a flowering stem and playing with three little boys in a fenced garden and a "Long Eliza" figure holding a flowering stem, standing near a taihu rock and a banana plant. Around the rim auspicious symbols alternating with flaming ruyi heads.On the bottom inside a little boy in a riverscape encircled by a double, concentric band the sides are undecorated and on the rim a trellis pattern border with four reserves filled with peaches. Marked on the base with the six-character mark: Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi, (Prepared during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming Dynasty (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

 

Bowls of this shape with a flat rim are traditionally called klapmuts in Dutch, comparing the shape with a cap with flaps. Rinaldi states that they were specially developed to meet a demand from European customers, who wanted to be able to rest their spoons in the bowl without damaging the edge. In fact the form was already well-known, not as shallow bowls, but asl late 15th-early 16th century large and fairly deep dishes in underglaze blue or as Song and early Ming celadon saucers and dishes. The klapmuts is just another variety in the gradual development of this type. This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, holding a flower. In Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Rinaldi 1989, p.118), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.60 & p.101)

 

Condition: A fleabite, frit and a frit with a consolidated hairline to the rim

 

References:

Rinaldi 1989, p.118 

Davison 1994, cat. 1334

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 42 & 91

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010571
2010571

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010571

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 69 mm (2.71 inch), diameter of rim 125 mm (4.92 inch), diameter of footring 50 mm (1.97 inch)

 

Bowl or klapmuts on footring, spreading flat rim with scalloped edge. Decorated in underglaze blue. On the outside four panels alternately decorated with a flowering plant growing fron a taihu (garden) rock and precious objects. On the bottom a flowering plant and on the sides four panels filled with flowering plant. On the reverse rim four florets between scrolls. Marked on the base with the single character mark: Yu, (Jade (Yuan to Qing)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

 

The shape and the outside decoration resemble those of Kraak Porselein klapmutsen of the first half of the 17th century. When the export trade was resumed in the 1680s and the Dutch became good customers again, there was a tendency to revive the traditional Kraak porcelain shapes and the style of painting with decoration arranged in wide and narrow panels. Some pieces are more or less close imitations, others, like this bowl, are hybrids, combining some Kraak characteristics with the new Kangxi patterns. Most examples are painted in underglaze blue, but the type is also known from a few, rare famille verte pieces. The fashion was short lived as new shapes and decorations soon took over. The Yu, "jade", character mark is traditionally called the F-mark in the Netherlands and is very common on good-quality blue and white Kangxi export porcelain. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.105 & p.115)

 

For similarly shaped and decorated bowls, please see:

Condition: A hairline to the rim.

 

References: 

Rinaldi 1989, p.118 & Pl. 295

Davison 1994, cat. 33

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 98, p.105 & p.115

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010856
2010856

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010856

 

Bowl

 

China

c.1700

 

Height 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter of rim 165 mm (6.50 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch)

 

Exhibited: The Asian Galleries Reinmagined - Color Across Asia held from 21 December 2016 to 13 May 2018 at the Ackland Art Museum, The University of North Carolina at Chaphil Hill, The United States of America, Object Guide no. 5.

 

Octagonal bowl on footring with spreading sides and a lobbed rim. Decorated in underglaze blue on the outside around the foot a ruyi head on a lotus scroll pattern border the panels are filled with flowering plants, including bamboo and peony. On the bottom a flowering peony plant growing from a taihu rock. Around the inner rim a continuing lotus scroll. Marked on the base with the six-character mark: Qi Yu bao ding zhi zhen, (Precious object of rare jade among treasured vessels), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

 

Condition: A tiny firing flaw, three frits one with a connected hairline and a chip to the rim.

 

Reference:

Davison 1994, cat. 1403

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011561
2011561

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011561

 

Miniature covered bowl

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height with cover 62 mm (2.44 inch), height without cover 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter 53 mm (2.09 inch), diameter box rim 48 mm (1.89 inch), diameter cover rim 42 mm (1.65 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch), weight 80 grams (2.82 ounce (oz.))

 

Miniature covered bowl on footring. Steep sides, domed cover with flattened knob. The base is glazed. Decorated in underglaze-blue with on the body four panels showing a flowerpot alternating with a "Long Eliza" figure seated in a fenced garden holding a twig alternating with flowering plants. On the knob a single flower head.

 

This rare shape illustrates the variety of objects Chinese potters were producing for export during this period. Stimulated by competing private traders, they rang the changes on forms and decorations in such a way that new models could appear on the European markets almost every year. In the Netherlands, these slender women engaged in some form of activity in a landscape or on a veranda, were called lange lijzen, translated in English as Long Eliza's. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101). (Jörg 2002/2, p.96)

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the inner rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 94

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 61

 

Price: Sold.

 

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