Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Recent Acquisitions

On this page you'll find my latest acquisitions, It may, however, take some time for all objects to load.


This way you can quickly browse through my recently acquired objects without having to browse through all the various categories.


After four weeks each object in 'Recent Acquisitions' will be moved to their specific category.


Latest update; February 18, 2020.


Chine de commande - Western Subjects 1680-1800 - Various Subjects - Indoor Scenes


Object 2011914








Height 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of rim 118 mm (4.65 inch), diameter of footring 69 mm (2.72 inch), weight 46 grams (1.62 ounce (oz.))


Saucer on footring with straight sides and a slightly spreading rim. Decorated in encre de Chine and gold with two European figures wearing Oriental clothes in an Oriental interior with a door. One figure is standing wearing an elaborate robe holding a sprig of coral, the other with a dog on a leash beside a large vase decorated with a monster head (t'au-t'ie). The vase is filled with a sprig of coral, sprays of fungus and peacock feathers. Beside to the vase a wine pot and a pure depiction of an ancient bronze 'Hu', a water jug. On the inside rim a leafy scroll border reserved with flower heads. 


Much of the Chine de commande made in the second quarter of the 18th century is decorated in encre de Chine, a grey-black enamel that could be thinly applied and which lent itself to copies of Western engravings and etchings. It is not ink as the French term implies, as ink burns during firing. (Jörg 2002/2, p.149)


This scene is interesting because the Chinese painter choose to portrait these two European figures in the symbolism of his own country by placing two large peacock feathers, two coral branches and two fungi in a large vase, the first being a symbol of high rank, the other two stand for longevity. (Lunsingh Scheurleer 1974, p. 222)


Spruit states that in her opinion the figures depicted in this scene are "tribute carriers", figures carrying something precious on their way to present the objects to the Emperor and by doing so acknowledging his power. In a museum in Taiwan there is a painting on silk by Yen Li-pên (618-907) on which we can see local rulers with their servants on their way to bring grace to the Emperor. These figures are depicted with exotic hair, clothes and precious objects such as coral, animals and plants. The barefoot servants who carry the objects wear the same slave wrist collars as our little boy (also barefoot). The he-goat is similarly spotted as the dog. Perhaps we can state that Yen Li-pên's painting on silk and this 18th-century decoration are two testimonials of a familiar motif, because they were the "tribute carriers", surely for the 18th-century porcelain decorators. So it seems very likely that the nameless porcelain decorator who decorated this teacup somewhere in a Canton workshop during the mid 18th-century, depicted an image that he could relate to, most likely from images he had seen on prints or in books of 18th-century Chinese "tribute carriers". (Spruit 1967, pp.179-183)







Painting Yen Li-pên

Reproduced from: "Een decor in encre de Chine", L. Spruit in; ANTIEK, II-4, November 1967, pp. 179-183, Chinese Export Porcelain. Chine de Commande, (D.F. Lunsingh Scheurleer, Faber and Faber Limited, London, 1974), p.222, cat. 222.


For, previously sold, identically decorated objects, please see:

For identically decorated objects, in encre de Chine or polychrome, please see:

Condition: A fleabite with a short connected hairline to the rim.



Williamson 1927 

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 213

Spruit 1967, pp.179-183

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1974, cat. 222

Hervouët 1986, cat. 5.8

London 1990, lot 154

Jörg 2002/2, p.149


Price: € 749 - $ 811 - £ 622

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)


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Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645


Object 2010985


Small dish






Height 34 mm (1.34 inch), diameter of rim 147 mm (5.79 inch), diameter of footring 78 mm (3.07 inch), weight 151 grams (5.33 ounce (oz.))


Small dish on footring, everted and scalloped rim. Some kiln sand adhering to the footring. The meisande, or petalled, style decoration in underglaze blue with a butterfly in flight in a marshy landscape encircled by an eight-pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim eight round, or onion shaped, medallions, decorated with peaches and auspicious symbols, in between each medallion a single looped bow. On the reverse seven broad panels filled with five dots.


According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. In Border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight-pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 13 to 20 cm in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the footrim. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.109-111)


Condition: Crooked shaped and some firing flaws, caused by the firing process. Some shallow glaze rough spots and a shallow frit to the rim. Some spots with scratches to the glaze.



Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp. 270-283

Rinaldi 1989, Pl. 108


Price: € 349 - $ 378 - £ 287

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)


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Chine de commande - Western Subjects 1680-1800 - Western Designers -Merian, Maria Sybille (1647-1717)


Object 2011522








Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of rim 352 mm (13.86 inch), diameter of footring 145 mm (5.71 inch), weight 556 grams (19.61 ounce (oz.))


Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue and gold with two flowers, one iris the other possibly a peony variant encircled by a decorative border in underglaze blue with flower heads in gold. On the sides and rim intertwined floral and foliate scrolls. The decoration in gold has completely rubbed off but is still visible in ghost form.


German/Dutch botanist Maria Sybille Merian (1647-1717), described the insects of the West Indies, Surinam in particular. For the central decoration on this specific dish, no matching print of her has been found. The intertwined floral and foliate scrolls decoration on the sides make that this dish can be categorised as a "Merian-style" dish.


Sargent states that with regard to the polychrome enamel "Merian" dishes, four separate engravings from the third volume of Maria Sybille Merian's Raupenbuch (Caterpillar Book), published posthumously by her daughter in 1717, were used to compose the illustration on this plate and those in blue and white as well. (Sargent 2012, p.245)


For an identically in "Merian-style" decorated dish, please see:

For similar "Merian" dishes, decorated in polychrome enamels, please see:

Condition: The decoration in gold has completely rubbed off but is still visible in ghost form. Firing flaws to the base and footring, two fleabites and a frit to the rim.



Howard & Ayers 1978, vol. 1, cat. 334

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 51

Boulay 1984, cat. 15

Howard 1994, plate 60

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 334

London 2002, lot 416

Sargent 2012, p.183 & cat. 120


Price: € 399 - $ 439 - £ 338

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)


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Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730


Object 2011691


Tea caddy




Height with cover 124 mm (4.88 inch), height without cover 98 mm (3.86 inch), dimensions 86 mm (3.39 inch) x 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of mouthrim 20 mm (0.79 inch), weight with cover 292 grams (10.30 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 11 grams (0.39 ounce (oz.))

Tea-caddy of rectangular form with canted corners, a flat shoulder with a upright unglazed neck. The original cover is missing. Fitted with contemporary (marked) Dutch silver mounts. The flat base is unglazed. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red, and gold. On the body and the flat shoulder decorated with various flowering plants. Round the shoulder a border with zig-zag lines and half flower heads. The silver marks explained: the makers mark 'JH', it is unknow to whom these initials refer, the sword mark was used (1814-1905) as the standard mark on articles too small for the full hallmarking. 


For an identically shaped and decorated tea caddy, please see:

Condition: A firing tension hairline to the base and a popped bubble of glaze both caused by the firing process. Glaze rough spots to the edges on the shoulder and a chip top a corner of the base.



Suebsman 2019, cat. 12


Price: Sold.


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Japanese wares with Western Shapes or Designs 1653-1800


Object 2012247








Height 184 mm (7.24 inch), diameter handle to spout 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of mouthrim 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of footring 57 mm (2.24 inch), weight 395 grams (13.93 ounce (oz.))


Pear shaped ewer on footring. Slender upright spout with a curved C-shaped handle.Fitted with an contemporary unmarked Dutch silver mount. Decorated in underglaze blue with a roundel inscribed with the initial 'A' for the Dutch word azijn (vinegar) surrounded by various plants growing from rockwork on both sides of the body, on the neck an upturned lotus leaves-pattern border and on the handle and spout classic foliate patterns. 


A specific group of ewers is decorated with the letters 'O´, 'A', or 'S' indicating their contents: 'O' stands for olie (oil), 'A' for azijn (vinegar), 'L' for limoen (lemon), the 'S' or 'Z' for soya or zoja (soy). They were used at the dinner table in The Netherlands. Arts adds the letter 'C' for conserven (?) (preserves). Oil and vinegar sets with inscribed initials were made in Delft faience, often with a container for two or four ewers, such Delftware examples were used as models for the Japanese imitations. Chinese ewers of this period with initials are not known, but close copies of the Japanese pieces were made in the 18th century. 'oil and vinegar jugs' were mentioned as early as 1664, but these were probably ordinary small ewers without initials. (Arts 1983, p.50), (Jörg 2003/1, pp.176-177)


For identically shaped and sized ewers, please see:

For a sold ewer initialed with the letter 'O' for olie (oil), please see:

Condition: Firing flaws, caused by the firing process, to the handle and the underside of the spout. A partial rough unglazed upper rim of the spout and a shallow chip to the underside of the tip of the spout.



Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 108

Daendels 1981, cat. 104

Arts 1983, p.50

Jörg 2003/1, pp.176-177


Price: € 999 - $ 1,110 - £ 851

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)


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Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes


Object 2011133








Height 55 mm (2.17 inch), diameter 317 mm (12.48 inch), diameter of footring 165 mm (6.50 inch), weight, including the brass fame, 1,046 grams (36.89 ounce (oz.))


Dish on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with the ducks-in-a-pond motif, encircled by an eight-pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim large panels filled with fruit and flower motifs and auspicious symbols alternating with narrow panels filled with dots and a diaper or scale pattern. On the reverse large ogival or round panels filled with fungus and dots and narrow panels with lingzhi motifs. Fitted in a custom-made brass frame engraved 'H.W. Kardolus Delft'. 


According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a Border VII.2 dish. Here the large panels on the border are no longer filled with floral sprays or insects, while the peach has begun its transformation into what is known as the sunflower motif. Auspicious symbols replace floral sprays and insects, most of them concerned with longevity, as if to ward off the dangers of wars and famines which swept over China at that time. These symbols are usually Daoist or the Eight treasures. Buddhist symbols are much rarer. In this group narrow panels are partly filled with diaper motifs. In the centre Medallion the ducks in a pond and the hanging basket are still very common. In this group a new motif appears: a bird on a rock near water and large flowers, usually peonies. The scheme of the underside repeats that of the front. Large ogival or round panels contain fungus and dots; narrow sections contain stylised lingzhi motifs. In this group narrow panels are partly filled with diaper motifs while there are a few dishes which do not have a diaper border around the central medallion. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.100-105)


A design of a wild duck at a lotus pond signifies blessings for a fruitful marriage, since a marriage proposal was made by a man sending a duck to the woman's family as a present. Acceptance of the duck meant acceptance of the proposal. The lotus, shown in different stages of growth, symbolizes purity and abundant offspring by recalling the common phrase "from the lotus comes noble offspring". (Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, p.288, Serial No. 5095


For similarly decorated dishes with the ducks-in-a-pond motif, please see:

The dish is fitted in a custom-made brass fame that is engraved: 'H.W. Kardolus Delft'. H.W. Kardolus had an art dealing, framing and engraving business in the city of Delft where he worked from 1920 to 1950. This indicates that the brass frame was probably fitted to the dish somewhere in first half of the 20th century.


 2011133 10a H.W. Kardolus Delft (1) 




W.H. Kardolus Delft Uit Almanak van de Delftsche vrouwelijke studenten vereeninging voor het jaar 1948

Advertisment from H.W. Kardolus in 'Almanak van de Delftsche vrouwelijke studenten Vereeniging voor het jaar 1948'.


Condition: Three firing flaws, caused by the firing process, to the reverse, some shallow glaze rough spots to the rim and a shallow chip to the inner footring.



Rinaldi 1989, pp.100-105 &  Pl.90 & Pl.93

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, p.288 & Serial No. 2454 & 5095


Price: Sold.


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Japanese Blue and White wares 18th Century


Object 2012239








Height 330 mm (12.99 inch), diameter 135 mm (5.31 inch), diameter of mouthrim 16 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch), weight 878 grams (30.97 ounce (oz.))


Pear-shaped bottle on footring, rounded body, tall narrow neck. Decorated in underglaze blue with around the foot a band of lappets. On the body a group of three flowering plants, bamboo, prunus and pine, alternating with three groups of irises. Round the neck a border of descending leafs.


The band of lappets round the foot can also be seen on polychrome bottles dating the same period in the late 18th century.


For a similarly shaped and dated bottles, please see;

Condition: Firing flaws to the base and foot, a frit to the rim and a chip to the inner footring.



Kyushu 1995, cat. 266 & 237

Kyushu 2003, cat. 3780 & 3781


Price: Sold.


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Japanese Imari 1690-1800 - Dishes


Object 2010C313








Height 49 mm (1.93 inch), diameter of rim 272 mm (10.71 inch), diameter of footring 140 mm (5.51 inch), weight 708 grams (24.97 ounce (oz.))


Dish on footring, flat rim. On the base four spur-marks in a Y-pattern. Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with a phoenix or pheasant perched on rockwork looking up to another phoenix or pheasant in flight. Various flowering plants originate from the rockwork, On the sides three pine trees each enclosing a large golden roundel. The pine trees are flanked by blossoming prunus and cherry trees. On the reverse three widespread flowering cherry blossom sprays. On the base a rectangular paper label with the handwritten letter 'M' in blue ink.  


For a smaller but identically shaped and decorated dish, please see:

Condition: Two firing flaws to the rim, caused by the firing process.



Kyushu 1991, cat. 560

Kyushu 2003, cat. 2848


Price: € 899 - $ 1,004 - £ 768

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)


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