Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800

 

Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares

 

Page 3

There was great demand for Chinese porcelain in Europe at the end of the 17th century. This led to the production of a variety of shapes and decorations while the competition between private merchants also contributed to a very varied supply. Besides porcelain decorated in underglaze blue, famille verte and Chinese Imari, many other types emerged, decorated with overglaze enamels that were sometimes combined with underglaze blue. The most important development, however, was the use of a pink-red enamel around 1725. Porcelain decorated with this enamel is called famille rose. Within a very short time this type supplanted famille verte and became the popular choice for all kinds of export porcelain. Mixing the rose with white enamel created shades of colour that suggested depth and volume. Famille rose knows a great variety in quality and decorations. The name was invented in the 19th century; before that it was simply called 'enamelled'. Rose enamel was first developed in the Imperial workshops in Beijing and applied on enamelled copper and bronze objects. Western chemical knowledge introduced by the Jesuits at the court around 1700 probably played a role. Since c.1725 it also was used on porcelain in Jingdezhen. Initially, the colour had a lilac shade but became a proper pink after c.1730. It was applied rather thickly and, unlike the very thin iron-red, can easily be felt on top of the glaze. Rose was applied on all types of export porcelain and there are countless combinations with other enamels.

2010518
2010518

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 3

 

Object 2010518

 

Saucer

 

Provenance: China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 18 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of rim 100 mm (4.10 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.40 inch), weight 45 grams (1.59 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, with a flowering tree, a flowering peony plant and two birds, one in flight the other perched on a branch of the tree. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The term 'famille rose' was first coined by the 19th-century French author Albert Jacquemart, who distinguished between specific groups in his descriptions of Oriental ceramics. (Jörg 2003/2, p.25)

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the exterior wall and a fleabite to the footring.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011592
2011592

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Object 2011592

 

Teacup

 

China

 

1730-1735

 

Height 37 mm (1.45 inch), diameter of rim 72 mm (2.84 inch), diameter of footring 32 mm (1.26 inch), weight 37 grams (1.31 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup on footring, straight rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, overglaze black and other enamels with a continuous landscape scene with mountains, rocks, a pine tree, a pagoda and a figure sitting near a shore. On the bottom a central peony flower spray and round the rim a cell-pattern border. The matching saucer is missing.

 

Condition: A hairline to the rim and a frit to the footring.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011591
2011591

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 3

 

Object 2011591

 

Teacup

 

China

 

1730-1735

 

Height 39 mm (1.54 inch), diameter of rim 74 mm (2.91 inch), diameter of footring 34 mm (1.34 inch), weight 37 grams (1.31 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels with a continuous scene of two men and a servant carrying a Qin or Gu Qin (a musical string instrument) in a landscape with rocks and flowering branches. On the bottom a decoration of an orchid (cymbidium virescens). Around the inner rim a diaper pattern border with four reserves filled with flowering leafy branches. The matching saucer is missing.

 

In ancient China, one of the 'ideal' life styles is the leisure gathering with friends with common interests. They could be music, poetry, philosophy or calligraphy. It was highly regarded as being noble and spiritually, beside being enjoyable.  Traditionally the design on this teacup has been named 'carrying a Qin to visit a friend' (S.Fan) 

 

The orchid (cymbidium virescens), the Lan Hua. is a motif commonly seen on fine Chinese export porcelain of around 1740.

 

Condition: A short hairline to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011688
2011688

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Object 2011688

 

Teacup

 

China

 

1730-1735

 

Height 37 mm (1.54 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.91 inch), diameter of footring 33 mm (1.34 inch), weight 37 grams (1.31 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels with three birds perched on flowering peony branches. On the bottom a single flower spray. Around the inner rim a foliate and floral scroll pattern border.

 

Condition: Some wear to the enamels and a frit to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010332
2010332

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Object 2010332

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of rim 100 mm (3.94 inch), diameter of footring 58 mm (2.28 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim with six small indentations. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels with chickens, flags, figures, pagodas and shrubbery before a crenulated wall. The reverse is undecorated. The matching teacup is missing.

 

The scene of is unusual. This type of decoration, with the brick wall and the pagoda is often referred to as the 'Chinese wall' while others think it is a Chinese fortress within walls.

 

The indented rim is characteristic of a group of well-enamelled tea-wares of a thin, pure body produced during the Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.213)

 

Condition: A chip to the rim and outer footring and a X-shaped hairline to the bottom.

 

Reference:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 237

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011042A
2011042A

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Object 2011042A

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1735-1745

 

Height of teacup 41 mm (1.61 inch), diameter of rim 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter of footring 38 mm (1.50 inch)

 

Height of saucer 22 mm (0.87 inch), diameter of rim 122 mm (4.80 inch), diameter of footring 71 mm (2.80 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black, gold, white overglaze enamel (bianco sopra bianco) and other overglaze enamels with a central single lotus flower head (symbol for summer) with leaves, on the sides and rim three, fan-shaped, panels, the first filled with a flowering peony (symbol for spring) and an insect. The second with a flowering chrysanthemum (symbol for autumn) and a butterfly in flight and the third with a flowering prunus (symbol for winter) with two birds in flight. The space around the central lotus flower head with leaves and the three panels is filled with a white enamelled bianco sopra bianco flower pattern. The reverse of the saucer is undecorated. Th teacup is decorated en suite

  

J. Kroes states in: Chinese Armorial Porcelain for the Dutch market, (J. Kroes, The Hague 2007), that "bianco sopra bianco", (Italian: "white on white"), is a decorative technique of white enamel over white or undecorated glazed porcelain, usually to create a lace-like effect. It was common around 1740-1750. The bianco sopra bianco decoration technique replaced a background in which flowers and scrollwork were incised under the glaze. (Jörg 1995, pp.75-76), (Kroes 2007, p.653)

 

Condition:

Teacup: A frit and a hairline to the rim.

Saucer: Perfect.

 

References:

Jörg 1995, cat. 32

Kroes 2007, p.653

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010538, 2010539 and 2010540
2010538, 2010539 and 2010540

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 3

 

Objects 2010538, 2010539 and 2010540

 

Three saucers

China

1740-1750


Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch)

 

Three saucers on footrings, straight underglaze brown-edged rims (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue, various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black and other overglaze enamels with a Heron standing on a taihu (garden) rock with a fish in its beak. On the rim a trellis pattern border with four reserves filled with a single flower head. The reverses is undecorated. The matching teacups are missing.

 

For an identically decorated teacup and saucer, please see:

Condition:

2010538: A chip and four hairlines to the rim.

2010539: A chip, some tiny fritts/fleabites, a hairline and a firing flaw all to the rim.

2010540: A chip, a few fleabites and a firing flaw with a small connected glaze hairline.

 

References:

Emden 2015/1, cat. 61

Emden 2015/2, cat. 61

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011252
2011252

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Object 2011252

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1740-1760

 

Height of teacup 41 mm (1.61 inch), diameter of rim 76 mm (2.99 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch)

 

Height of saucer 22 mm (0.87 inch), diameter of rim 120 mm (4.72 inch), diameter of footring 73 mm (2.87 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, with two very finely painted ladies and a child in a garden landscape. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

On the bottom of the teacup a decoration of an orchid (cymbidium virescens), the Lan Hua. a motif commonly seen on fine Chinese export porcelain of around 1740.

 

Condition:

Teacup: Two popped bubbles of glaze caused during the firing process.

Saucer:  Popped bubbles of glaze caused during the firing process, a fleabite and a frit with a short connected hairline to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010459
2010459

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Object 2010459

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1740-1760

 

Height 32 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of rim 117 mm (4.61 inch), diameter of footring 64 mm (2.52 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, fluted sides with a foliated rim. Decorated in underglaze blue, various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black and other overglaze enamels with a fisherman handing a fish to a lady standing on a boat holding a basket. On the sides six sprays of various flowering branches and around the rim a narrow honeycomb motif border. The reverse is undecorated. The matching teacup is missing.

 

Condition: Three tiny glaze fleabites to the rim and a X-shaped glaze hairline to the base that is not visible in the front.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010257
2010257

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Object 2010257

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1770-1780

 

Height 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of rim 139 mm (5.47 inch), diameter of footring 85 mm (3.35 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, straight rim. Polychrome decorated in various overglaze enamels, iron-red and gold with a central group of flowers surrounde by five large and five small cartouches each filled with flowering branches. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: A hairline to the rim..

 

Price: Sold.

 

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