Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century

 

Page 1

2010636 and 2010637
2010636 and 2010637

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Objects 2011636 and 2011637

 

Two teacups and saucers

 

Japan

 

c.1700

 

2011636

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of footring 25 mm (0.98 inch), weight 33 gram (1.16 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 102 mm (4.02 inch), diameter of footring 48 mm or (1.89 inch), weights 57 gram (2.01 ounce (oz.))

 

2011637

Height of teacup 38 mm (1.50 inch), diameter of rim 58 mm (2.38 inch), diameter of footring 25 mm (0.98 inch), weight 35 gram (1.23 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 102 mm (4.02 inch), diameter of footring 48 mm or (1.89 inch), weights 55 gram (1.94 ounce (oz.))

 

Published: Have a Cup of Tea. Chinese Porcelain and Tea in North-West Germany, (Exhibition catalogue, Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg, 2015), p.14, Fig. 4 / Made in China, Porzellan und Teekultur im Nordwesten, (Exhibition catalogue, Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg, 2015), p.14,  Fig. 4.

 

Exhibited: Have a Cup of Tea. Chinese Porcelain and Tea in North-West Germany held from 22 March to 25 August 2015 at the Ostfriesisches Landesmuseum Emden Germany / 'Made in China. Porzellan und Teekultur im Nordwesten' held from 22 March to 23 August 2015 at the Ostfriesisches Landesmuseum Emden Germany.

  

 

(Reproduced from: Have a Cup of Tea. Chinese Porcelain and Tea in North-West Germany, (Exhibition catalogue, Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg, 2015), p.14, Fig. 4copyright in bibliographic data and cover images is held by the publisher or by their respective licensors: all rights reserved)

 

Two teacups and saucers on footrings, flared straight sides with slightly everted rims. Decorated in underglaze blue with a single flowering peony spray in a central roundel surrounded by three flowering lotus plants with dense leafy scrolls. The reverses are undecorated. The teacups decorated en suite.

 

Teacups and saucers were especially developed for export, as Chinese and Japanese teacups did not have saucers. They were probably inspired by earlier Turkish and Islamic examples. VOC- records show that the Japanese made teacups and matching saucers from the very beginning of the export trade.

 

Jörg mentions that there are very few examples in Dutch collections of Arita tea wares in underglaze blue, they are quite rare. One of the reasons probably is that Japanese potters couldn’t compete with the much cheaper Chinese tea wares.

 

One of the best known examples of Japanese Arita tea ware are the teacups and saucers decorated with  the coat of arms of the Dutch family Huydecoper. Another equally rare set of teacups and saucers, with a more stylized decoration of scrolling vine with birds, is in the collection at the Japanese replica of Huis Ten Bosch, near Nagasaki, dated 1670-90. More interesting for comparison however are some tea cups found during excavations in Amsterdam, dated 1660-80, with an identical decoration. The later date of c.1700 of our set is mainly based on the clear inspiration by later Chinese Kangxi flower scrolls. (Arita 2000, p. 57 cat. 87), (Jörg 2003/1,pp. 191-192 &  p.231, cat. 293)

 

For Arita teacups and saucers decorated in underglaze blue with identical decoration, please see:

For other Arita teacups and saucers decorated in underglaze blue, please see:

Condition:

 

2011636

Teacup: Perfect

Saucer: Perfect.

 

2011637

Teacup: A fleabite to the rim.

Saucer: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 190

Arita 2000, p.57, cat. 87, p.122, cat. 252 & 253 & pp.212-213, cat. 16a/b   

Jörg 2003/1, p.191 & cat. 293

Emden 2015, Fig. 4

 

Donated to the collection Oriental ceramics of the Groninger Museum.

 

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201034
201034

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Object 201034

 

Teapot

 

Japan

 

1690-1710

 

Height with cover 130 mm (5.12 inch), diameter handle to spout 180 mm (7.09 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch)

 

Exhibited: The Asian Galleries Reinmagined - Color Across Asia held from 21 December 2016 to 13 May 2018 at the Ackland Art Museum, The University of North Carolina at Chaphil Hill, The United States of America, Object Guide no. 72.

 

Moulded teapot with a glazed base on a wide unglazed footring. Curved spout with C-shaped handle. Imari decorated in low relief in underglaze blue with iron-red and gold. On both sides two moulded panels one decorated in low-relief with two monkeys, one is sitting under a flowering prunus tree while the other is hanging from a branch. The other panel is decorated in low relief with a feng-huang in flight in between flowering branches. Both panels flanked by flowering peony and chrysanthemum plants. On the shoulder four reserves filled with flowering peony and wisteria plants reserved on a underglaze blue ground. Around the neck a pointed leaves pattern border. The cover is decorated in low relief with two flowering prunus sprays on a underglaze blue ground. On the handle and spout flower sprays.

 

Japanese Imari objects decorated in a low relief are rare. In 'Fine & Curious' a vase and shaving bowl both decorated in a low relief are published. Jörg states that these objects could have been made in a specialised workshop producing for export. (Jörg 2003/1, p.100 & p.186)

 

Condition: A tiny fleabite to a firing flaw at the tip of the spout.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 99 & 231

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011262
2011262

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Object 2011262

 

Saucer

 

Japan

 

1700-1720

 

Height 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of rim 122 mm (4.80 inch), diameter of footring 52 mm (2.05 inch), weight 90 grams (3.17 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, spreading sides. Imari decorated in, iron-red and yellow, aubergine, green, grey, black enamels and gold with four kneeled figures on a terrace drinking tea in a ''Chinese style', which did not require a saucer for the cup, in a central roundel. On the sides and rim leafy scroll borders with peony, carnation and chrysanthemum flower heads. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Decorations executed entirely in enamel colours can be classed among the early Imari group, this type of 'tea ceremony' decoration must have had an exotic appeal to the Western buyer. Although no underglaze-blue was used in this type of decoration both O. Impey and C.J.A. Jörg categorise this 'in enamels only' type of decoration as Imari. (Jörg 1995, pp.115-116)

 

For an identically decorated saucer, please see;

 For similarly decorated objects, please see;

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Jörg 1995, cat. 52

Impey 2002, cat. 373 & 374

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 253

Kyushu 2003, cat. 2793

www.vam.ac.uk

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011458
2011458

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Object 2011458

 

Saucer

 

Japan

 

1700-1730

 

Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 112 mm (4.41 inch), diameter of footring 61 mm (2.40 inch)

 

Octagonal saucer on a high footring, spreading sides, short flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a leaping shishi (Buddhist lion), On the rim the precious objects Double coins alternating with Rhinoceros Horns. The reverse is undecorated.

 

A collection of symbolical ornaments, which are frequently grouped together on Chinese art objects, are the so-called "Hundred Antiques". A favourite set of these emblems constitute the "Eight Precious Objects". The Cash derived from a round coin pierced with a square hole in the centre for convenience of stringing. Rhinoceros horn cups were also said to sweat when filled with poisonous substances. These eight designs are found on all classes of Japanese ceramics. They are known in Japan as the "Eight Treasures" (happõ). (Arts 1983, pp.79-80

 

The design of a shishi, a Japanese variant of the Chinese shi-tzu (Dog of Fo). as a main motif on a blank ground is unusual and the rendering of a subject that would have mystified its European purchaser. (Impey 2002, p.110), (Jörg 2003/1, p.137)

 

The "Chinese lion" or kara shishi is supposed to be the Chinese conception of a creature never seen in China but told of by travellers or copied from the pictures from India as there are no records of lions in ancient Chinese writings before about 250 A.D. It is also called a Chinese Dog or Dog of Fo (Buddha) from which it is clear that dog-like characteristics prevail over the original leonine ones. The lion symbolizes guardianship and protection, from which belief is derived the practice of placing statues of lions at the doors of palaces and tombs as guardians of both the living and the dead against all evil.

 

The shishi is characterized by a fierce expression, large bulging eyes and curly mane, a bushy tail and curly locks of hair on the legs. Japanese pairs of figures of shishi usually have both animals with an ornamental / brocade ball, whereas Chinese examples usually have one with a ball, the other (female) with a cub. It is clear that the shishi is no ordinary lion, but a mythical beast. It is probable that the lion in this mythical form came over from the Middle East as a guardian figure in Chinese pre-historical times. After the introduction of Buddhism, the shishi retained its function as a guardian, and pairs of these animals were placed on either side of the entrance of temples in China and Japan. The ornamental / brocade ball is said to be hollow and is the Emblem of Pure Vacancy, an extremely important principle in Japanese thinking. The Brocade Ball is often decorated with the Cash symbol (shippõ), having the special significance that it represents the seven jewels: gold, silver, coral, crystal, emerald, agate and pearl. The Buddhist Lion is often shown in combination with the peony flower, the king of flowers with the king of beasts. (Arts 1983, p.110), (Fitski 2011, p.160)

  

For dishes decorated with a shishi on a blank ground, please see:

For a small Chinese, polychrome decorated, jar with two lions between foliage, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Jenyns 1979, cat. 62b

Arts 1983, pp.79-80 & pp.108-110

Pinto de Matos 1996, cat 75 & pp.273-280

Impey 2002, cat. 131

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 141

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 148 & 149

Fitski 2011, p.160

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011995
2011995

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Objects 2011995, 2011998 & 2011998A

 

Three teacups and saucers

 

Japan

 

1700-1720

 

2011998:

Height of teacup 51 mm (2.01 inch), diameter of rim 82 mm (3.23 inch), diameter of footring: 31 mm (1.22 inch), weight 67 grams (2.37 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of rim 142 mm (5.59 inch), diameter of footring 75 mm (2.95 inch), weight 137 grams (4.83 ounce (oz.))

 

2011998:

Height of teacup 50 mm (1.97 inch), diameter of rim 83 mm (3.27 inch), diameter of footring: 33 mm (1.30 inch), weight 65 grams (2.29 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 34 mm (1.34 inch), diameter of rim 138 mm (5.43 inch), diameter of footring 71 mm (2.80 inch), weight 133 grams (4.96 ounce (oz.))

 

2011998A

Height of teacup 49 mm (1.93 inch), diameter of rim 81 mm (3.19 inch), diameter of footring: 34 mm (1.33 inch), weight 68 grams (2.40 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 126 mm (4.96 inch), diameter of footring 63 mm (2.48 inch), weight 107 grams (3.77 ounce (oz.))

 

Three teacups and saucers on footrings with everted rims. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red, green, yellow, light aubergine, black enamel and gold. In the centre a standing female figure, facing left, wearing a red kimono dress. She is standing in front of a closed zig-zag shaped garden fence, which reaches to her middle. To her right an open building with wooden roof, with a seated figure. In the foreground of this building a large cherry tree, with a curved trunk, branches and finely painted grains. The tree has red cherry blossoms. To the left of the central figure two birds flying above a fence from left to right. In the foreground some flowers growing from pierced rockwork. The rim is decorated with a dark blue border with golden scrollwork. The reverse is decorated with three stylized flowering plants. On the base a single concentric band. The teacups are decorated en suite.

 

These teacups and saucers belong to the so-called five colour Imari group (gosai). This colour scheme consists of red, green, purple (aubergine) and/or yellow enamels with gold and underglaze blue. Soame Jenyns proposes that the lavish use of golden detailing on the underglaze blue was perhaps meant to hide the imperfections caused by blurring in the firing, a common characteristic of Japanese porcelain. Arts states (he quotes Soame Jenyns on this) that landscapes and human figures are less commonly found on five colour Imari.

 

Suchomel illustrates an Imari bowl with lid decorated with a very similar blossoming cherry tree motif (sakura). The cherry blossom is regarded as the most important flower of Japan, together with the chrysanthemum. One of the names of Japan is in fact "land of the cherry blossom". The cherry blossom is emblematic of purity of life and the samurai spirit. 

 

Jörg states that It is often not easy to distinguish between export and non-export wares, Imari was certainly not exclusively made for export. This particular type of Imari porcelain was highly esteemed in Japan. In this case, the existence of an identical decorated saucer in a Japanese collection could signify that these saucers were originally meant for the Japanese home market.

 

For this identically decorated saucer, please see:

Allthough the cups have roughly the same height and diameter, the diameter and the height of the saucers vary considerably (please see sizes above). Differences in measurements between the same plates or sets are not uncommon in Japanese porcelain. However, another interesting possiblity is that the sets with small size saucers might have been used for serving tea while the larger versions were used for serving coffee.

 

Interestingly the design was also used for overdecorating in the Netherlands, 'Amsterdams Bont' in the early 18th century, Espir shows a plain white Chinese chocolate cup and saucer overdecorated 1708-1720 with the original Japanese design in a Kakiemon style, for this chocolate cup and saucer please see:

A very similar decorated small plate, again with a blossoming cherry tree, fenced garden and identical blue rim with golden scrollwork, however without the exceptional Japanese figures, is described in Impey’s 'Japanese Export Porcelain', cat. 330. Interestingly, he mentions that the Ashmolean Museum also has a Worcester cup and saucer of that same pattern in the Marshall collection.

 

Impey records a very similar decorated small plate, again with a blossoming cherry tree, fenced garden and identical blue rim with golden scrollwork, however without the exceptional Japanese figures. Interestingly, he mentions that the Ashmolean Museum also has a Worcester cup and saucer of that same pattern in the Marshall collection

 

Conditions:

 

2010995

Teacup: Perfect.

Saucer: Perfect.

 

2010998:

Teacup: A fleabite to the rim.

Saucer: Shallow fleabites and a chip to the footring. 

 

2010998A:

Teacup: Perfect.

Saucer: Perfect. 

 

References:

Jenyns 1979, p.52 & p.54

Arts 1983, p.58 & p.141

Nagatake 1991, cat.18

Suchomel 1997, cat. 232

Impey 2002, cat. 330

Jörg 2003/1, p.91

Espir 2005, cat 14

 

Price:

2011995: Sold.

2011998: Sold.

2011998A: Sold.

 

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More pictures 2010998A >>

More pictures of object 2011470 another identically shaped and decorated, sold saucer >>

2010334 and 2011366
2010334 and 2011366

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Objects 2010334 and 2011366

 

Teacup & saucer

 

Japan

 

1700-1720

 

Height of teacup 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 69 mm (2.72 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch), weight 38 grams (1.34 ounce (oz.))

 

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 119 mm (4.69 inch), diameter of footring 69 mm (2.72 inch), weight 81 grams (2.86 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, straight rims. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red, black, gold and various other overglaze enamel colours, with four fishermen, two in a boat and two walking with a running dog on a bridge near a village with trees, rocks, mountains, houses and a lighthouse with flags. In the background even more mountains with trees and houses. On the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. On the reverse three flower sprays. Teacup 2011366, acquired at a later date, is decorated en suite

  

Jörg describes a saucer with a similar but historical more important decoration. On this Imari decorated saucer we see a scene with the same two fisherman who now are having a pick nick on a rocky river-bank with besides them a Hamper and a bottle inscribed with the Initials 'F.W'. A teacup with this rare decoration was donated by Pater Gratia Oriental Art to the collection of Oriental ceramics in the Groninger Museum in March 2012. (Jörg 2003/1, p.221)

 

Condition

Teacup: A frit with a connected hairline to the rim.

Saucer: A firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 276a

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010100L
2010100L

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Object 2010100L

 

Saucer

 

Japan

 

1700-1720

  

Height 24 mm (0.95 inch), diameter of rim 125 mm (4.92 inch), diameter of footring 65 mm (2.56 inch), weight 97 grams (3.42 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, straight rim. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red, gold, green and black enamel with shore vegetation and six ducks in flight, in the background a pagoda with flags, trees and rocks by a fence. On the rim six panels, filled with a floret between scrolls in gold on a underglaze blue ground alternating with a trellis pattern in iron-red. On the reverse three groups of flowering cherry plants. 

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011387
2011387

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Object 2011387

 

Six teacups and five saucers

 

Japan

 

c.1700

 

Height of teacups 44 mm (1.73 inch), diameter of rims 74 mm (2.91 inch), diameter of footrings 35 mm (1.38 inch), weights 45/44/46/48/53/47 grams (1.59/1.55/1.62/1.87/1.66 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucers 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rims 120 mm (4.72 inch), diameter of footrings 64 mm (2.52 inch), weights 101/82/95/108 grams (3.56/2.89/3.35/3.81 ounce (oz.)) 

 

Six teacups and five saucers on footrings, spreading sides with short flat rims. Decorated in underglaze blue with an unusual combination of overglaze enamels, iron-red, and gold with a flowering prunus spray in a central roundel surrounded by three clusters of flowering prunus, peony and bamboo plants. On the interior rim a zig-zag lines patterm border. On the exterior walls three flowering stems and on the bases a single flowering stem. The teacups are decorated en suite.

 

In the centre of the saucer a flowering prunus branch encircled by a double, concentric band. On the interior wall a continuous decoration of prunus, peony and bamboo. .

The decoration with prunus, pine and bamboo is also known as the 'Three Friends of Cold Winter'. The beauty of the flowers and the short blossoming season symbolise moral purity and transient female beauty. (Ströber 2011, p.130)

 

Condition:

Teacups: Some wear to the enamels.

Saucers: Some wear to the enamels.

 

Reference:

Ströber 2011, p.130

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures of object 2011387 >>

Not illustrated the objects 2011388 - 2011392, five other identically decorated shapes sized and decorated, sold teacups and four saucers.

2010631 and 2010632
2010631 and 2010632

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Objects 2010631 and 2010632

 

A pair of teapots

 

Japan

 

1700-1720

 

2010631 height with cover 79 mm (3.11 inch), height without cover 64 mm (2.52 inch), diameter handle to spout 132 mm (5.20 inch), diameter of mouthrim 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of footring 45 mm (1.77 inch), weight including cover 236 grams (8.32 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 20 grams (0.71 ounce (oz.))

 

2010632 height with cover 74 mm (2.91 inch), height without cover 64 mm (2.52 inch), diameter handle to spout 136 mm (5.35 inch), diameter of mouthrim 44 mm (1.73 inch), diameter of footring 49 mm (1.93 inch), weight including cover 234 grams (8.25 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 20 grams (0.71 ounce (oz.))

  

A pair of globular shaped teapots on footrings, curved C-shaped handles with short, slightly bent, spouts. Domed covers with round knobs. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. Near the rims the bodies have an original (glazed) pierced holes. Greyish paste and greenish glaze. Both Imari decorated in underglaze blue with iron-red and gold on both sides, the covers with flowering chrysanthemum and carnation branches, On the handles and spouts florets between scrolls.

 

These teapots were probably made for export, although the decoration is not very European, while the spout is very blunt. Those with a more elongated or curved spout seem to be more akin to the European teapot, but their shape was probably inspired by the Chinese teapot of the 16th century, which looked like the European teapot but was much smaller. It had a handle at the side, a spout opposite to it and a lid. The wide, overlapping cover without a flat rim, breaking the line of the curving body, is unusual. (Arts 1983, p.53), (Jörg 2003/1, p.196)

 

Condition: 

2010631: A tiny restored chip to the underside of the rim of the cover.

2010632: A restored handle and tip of the spout.

 

References:

Arts 1983, Plate 29

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 245

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011830
2011830

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares 18th Century - Page 1

 

Object 2011830

 

Teapot

 

Japan

 

1710-1730

 

Height with cover 98 mm (3.86 inch), diameter handle to spout 137 mm (5.39 inch), diameter of mouthrim 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of footring 49 mm (1.93 inch), weight with cover 228 grams (8.04 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 24 grams (0.85 ounce (oz.))

 

Small oviform teapot on footring. Curved handle, slightly bent spout. Domed cover with round knob. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. Decorated around the foot a leafy and flowering branches scroll. On each side of the body a kidney-shaped panel reserved on a dark blue ground filled with flowering plants and birds. The panels are flanked by four flowerheads on a dark blue ground with leafy scrolls in gold. On the handle and spout florets between scrolls. On the cover two kidney-shaped panel reserved on a dark blue ground filled with flowering plants and birds. Both panels are flanked by a flower head on a dark blue ground with leafy scrolls in gold.

 

Condition: A shallow chip to the tip of the spout.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 247

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

More pictures of object 2011386 another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold teapot >>

More pictures of object 2010346 another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold teapot >>

More pictures of object 2010298 an identically decorated, sold tea caddy >>

More pictures of object 2011426 an identically decorated, sold tea caddy >>

More pictures of object 2010325 an identically decorated, sold small bowl >>