Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Shipwreck Porcelains

 

The Nanking Cargo 1752

 

Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares

 

Page 1

The Nanking Cargo

 

1752

 

On Monday January 3, 1752, the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) vessel Geldermalsen, struck a reef on her return journey to the Netherlands and sank in the South China Sea. Of the crew 32 survived and 80 went down with the ship and her cargo of tea, raw silk, textiles, dried wares, groceries, lacquer and porcelain. 

 

The cargo of Chinese porcelain was originally potted in Jingdezhen, Jiangzi province then shipped to Nanking for delivery to the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) vessel Geldermalsen for final transportation to the Netherlands. The Geldermalsen struck a reef on her return journey to the Netherlands and sank in the South China Sea on January 3, 1752. The cargo was recovered by Captain Michael Hatcher and his team in 1985 and sold by Christie's Amsterdam on 28 April - 2 May 1985 as 'The Nanking Cargo. Chinese Export Porcelain and Gold' two hundred and thirty five years later. (Jörg 1986/1. pp.39-59).

 

An interesting detail is that Captain Michael Hatcher found the wreck of the Geldermalsen on the same reef as he earlier, in 1983, found the wreck of a Chinese junk. both wrecks were about a mile apart. This Chinese Junk wreck came to be known as "The Hatcher Junk" she had a cargo of Kraak and Transitional porcelain objects that were dated c.1643. (Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, p.27) 

2010122E
2010122E

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010122E

 

Saucer

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 116 mm (4.57 inch), diameter of footring 72 mm (2.84 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue at the right with a double-roofed pagoda on a rocky riverbank dividing straggling leafless trees and shrubs, an island appearing in the background at the left. On the rim a trellis pattern border. The reverse is undecorated. On the base the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5076 label proving it has been 200 similar saucers sold in lot 5076. (Amsterdam 1986, p.224)

 

The design on this saucer is known as the 'Pagoda Riverscape' pattern, large size. In total 9.328 teacups and saucers and 794 saucers without teacups with the 'Pagoda Riverscape' pattern, large size, were sold divided over the lots: 5033-5066 and 5067-5077. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5067-5077

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 49

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.137 & Pl.141

Kassel 1990, Abb. 74

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010524 and 2010525
2010524 and 2010525

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Objects 2010524 and 2010525

 

A pair of teacups and saucers

 

China 

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height of teacups 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of footring 28 mm (1.10 inch)

Height of saucer 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 102 mm (4.02 inch), diameter of footring 62 mm (2.44 inch)

 

A pair of teacups and saucers on footrings, straight rims. Decorated in underglaze blue at the right with a double-roofed pagoda on a rocky riverbank dividing straggling leafless trees and shrubs, an island appearing in the background at the left. On the rim a trellis pattern border. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite. On the bases of both teacups and saucers the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5104 labels proving they have been two of 500 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5104. (Amsterdam 1986, p.224)

 

The two sets are sold in a luxury wooden cassette together with a Certificate of Authenticity (in Dutch) signed by Dr. C.J.A. Jörg.

 

The design on these teacups & saucers is known as the 'Pagoda Riverscape' pattern, small size. In total 7,698 teacups and saucers and 1,838 teacups without saucers with the 'Pagoda Riverscape' pattern, small size, were sold divided over the lots: 5033-5066 and 5067-5077. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition:

2010524

Teacup: A chip to the rim.

Saucer: Perfect.

2010525

Teacup: Perfect.

Saucer: Perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5078-5133

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 51

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.141

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010967 and 2010968
2010967 and 2010968

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Objects 2010967 and 2010968

 

A pair of chocolate cups

 

China


c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Heights 68 mm (2.68 inch), diameter of rims 68 mm (2.68 inch), diameter of footrings 39 mm (1.54 inch)

 

A pair of chocolate cups on footrings, straight sides, slightly everted rim and scalloped handles. Polychrome decorated in various overglaze enamels and gold with the "Chrysanthemum Rock" pattern in enamels. Painted with chrysanthemum, bamboo and daisy issuing around a jagged outcrop of rockwork with an elaborate scalloped loop handle of European inspiration. On the bases of both chocolate cups the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 519 labels proving they have been two of 130 similar saucers sold in lot 5159. (Amsterdam 1986, p.236

 

In the auction catalogue 'The Nanking Cargo, Chinese Export porcelain and Gold', Christie's Amsterdam describes these chocolate cups as teacups.

 

Jörg states that in orders, shipping invoices and unpacking books from this period two types of chocolate cups and saucers are mentioned: with and without handles. The order for 1761 gives an exact description of such a cup: 70 mm (2.76 inch) high, with straight sides slightly sloping outwards and a diameter equal to its height. We even have a drawing of such a chocolate cup, part of the order made up in 1759. It looks exactly like the cups with scalloped handles found in the wreck. There is no question but that these are indeed chocolate cups. The same decoration of large flowers and bamboo near a rock is executed both in underglaze blue and Imari, as well in enamel colours. In all, 9,735 cups and saucers for chocolate had been bought in Canton. They also included enamelled high cups with round handles, which are indicated as a type in the drawing of 1758 too. Hatcher has recovered 2,263 pairs of chocolate cups and saucers with scalloped handles and 1.996 pairs with round handless. Apparently there were no chocolate cups without handle bought in 1751. (Jörg 1986/1, pp. 68-69)

 

Cups of this shape, which always have a handle, are usually called coffee cups, but in fact are chocolate cups. This is made clear from the numerous references and descriptions of "chocolate cups with handles" in the records of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). Orders state that "the cups must be straight without overhanging rims", the cup narrower inside. An average height of 70 mm is given and is stressed that the diameter of the rim should be equal to the height. Drawn models of 1758 which have fortunately been preserved, show four cups of this shape with different handles, which are specified as "chocolate cups" in the description. Large tea, coffee and chocolate services always included this type of cup, but they could be bought separately as well. Enamelled cups and saucers were bought by the Company for around 20 cents and sold in the Netherlands for around 50 cents apiece. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.215)

 

The design on these chocolate cups is known as the 'Chrysanthemum Rock' pattern in enamels. In total 33 teacups and saucers and 690 teacups without saucers with the 'Chrysanthemum Rock' pattern in enamels, were sold divided over the lots: 5152-5159 (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition:

2010967: A firing flaw hairline to the scalloped handle and a fleabite and frit to the rim.

2010968: A firing flaw to the rim and to the scalloped handle.

 

References:

Jörg 1982/1, fig. 46

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5152-5159

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 55 & 56

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.147

Howard 1997, cat. 19

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 240

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010507
2010507

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010507

  

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752

 

Height of teacup 39 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 46 grams (1.62 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 117 mm (4.61 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch), weight 56 grams (1.98 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, straight rims. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with a double-roofed pavilion on the slope of a riverbank, a leafy tree overhanging at the back and two outcrops of rock sloping down to the water, a smaller island at the left, beneath a band of trellis-pattern at the rim. The reverses are undecorated. The teacups is decorated en suite. On the bases both teacups and saucers the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5191 labels proving they have been one of 288 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5191. (Amsterdam 1986, p.239)

 

The design on this teacup and saucer is known as the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern. In total 2,982 teacups and saucers and 934 teacups without saucers with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern, were sold divided over the lots: 5179-5196 and 5197-5203. (Amsterdam 1986)

  

Condition teacup: A very tiny fleabite to the rim.

Condition saucer: A few very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5179-5203

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 50

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 142

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2010208, another identically, shaped, sized and decorated, sold teacup and saucer >>

2010293, 2010294 and 2010295
2010293, 2010294 and 2010295

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Objects 2010293, 2010294 and 2010295

  

Three pairs of teacups and saucers

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height of teacups 39 mm (1.54 inch), diameter of rims 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footrings 32 mm (1.26 inch)

Height of saucers 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of rims 120 mm (4.72 inch), diameter of footrings 66 mm (2.60 inch)

 

Three teacups and saucers on footrings, straight rims. Batavia Brown covered with underglaze dark brown and underglaze-blue with a double clump leafy bamboo to the left of a cluster of flowering peony. The reverses are covered in underglaze dark brown. The teacups are decorated en suite. On the bases the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5223 labels proving they have been three of 80 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5223. (Amsterdam 1986, p.241)

 

The design on these teacups and saucers is known as the 'Batavian Bamboo and Peony' pattern. In total 6,100 teacups and saucers and 3,064 saucers without teacups with the 'Batavian Bamboo and Peony' pattern were sold divided over the lots: 5204-5247 and 5248-5260. (Amsterdam 1986)

  

Condition:

Teacups: On one teacup a hairline to the rim.

Saucers: All perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, pp.241-243, lots 5204-5260

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 46.

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.151

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures of object 2010293 >>

 

The objects 2010294 and 2010295, two other identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold teacups and saucers, are not illustrated.

20100
20100

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 20100

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch)

Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of footring 66 mm (2.60 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, straight rims. Decorated in underglaze blue with a cenral roundel filled with two leafy pines intertwining on a grassy rocky terrace surrounded by a trellis-pattern border. Round the rim another trellis-pattern border. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite. On both teacup and saucer the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5534 labels proving it has been one of 1000 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5534. (Amsterdam 1986, p.252)

 

The design on this teacup and saucer is known as the 'Blue Pine' pattern, large size. In total 10,484 teacups and saucers and 1,860 teacups without saucers with the 'Blue Pine' pattern, large size, were sold divided over the lots: 5501-5537 and 5538-5550. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition:

Teacup: Perfect. 

Saucer: A few very tiny fleabites. 

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5501-5550

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 51

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.140

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2010122K, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold saucer >>

2010123
2010123

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010123

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height of teacup 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of footring 29 mm (1.14 inch)

Height of saucer 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 103 mm (4.06 inch), diameter of footring 64 mm (2.52 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer footrings, straight rims. Decorated in underglaze blue with two leafy pines intertwining on a grassy rocky terrace in a central roundel surrounded by a trellis-pattern borde. Round the rim another trellis-patern border. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.On both teacup and saucer the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5576 label proving they have been one of 500 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5576. (Amsterdam 1986, p.252)

 

The design on this teacup and saucer is known as the 'Blue Pine' pattern, small size. In total 4,300 teacups and saucers and 1,788 saucers without teacups with the 'Blue Pine' pattern, small size, were sold divided over the lots: 5551-5578 and 5579-5599. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition:

Teacup: Perfect..

Saucer: Perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5564-5599

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 51

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988. pp.102-114

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2010122L, another identically, shaped, sized and decorated, sold saucer >>

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20120122N
20120122N

Sold Ceramics - Sold Shipwreck Porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010122N

 

Saucer

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rim 135 mm (5.32 inch), diameter of footring 77 mm (3.03 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, straight rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with chrysanthemum, bamboo and daisy issuing around a jagged outcrop of blue taihu (garden) rockwork. On the rim a trellis-pattern border. On the base the original rectangular paper Christie's lot 5715/130 label and the original circular paper Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot 5715 label proving it has been one of 130 similar saucers sold in lot 5715. (Amsterdam 1986, p.263)

 

The design on this saucer is known as the 'Chrysanthemum Rock' pattern in blue and enamels. In total 1,382 teacups and saucers and 394 saucers without teacups with the 'Chrysanthemum Rock' pattern in blue and enamels were sold divided over the lots: 5693-5709 and 5710-5715. (Amsterdam 1986)

  

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5710-5715

Jörg 1986/1, p.69

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.146

 

Price: Sold.

 

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