Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730

 

Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas

 

Page 1

This type of porcelain with decorations painted in iron-red, gold and some black enamel, is traditionally called melk en bloed, (which literarily translates as milk and blood). Interestingly, in The Netherlands in the 18th century the name was also applied to a specific type of imported Indian chintz, with predominantly red decorations on a light ground. The composition and iconography usely conform to the normal export assortment of blue-and-white Kangxi porcelain of c.1700. The dating of early 18th century is confirmed by the existence of some Red & Gold objects in the collection of August the Strong (1670-1733). Apparently, this type of porcelain was popular mainly among the Dutch and the very few pieces that can be found elsewhere in Europe usually come from The Netherlands. (Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989), (Jörg 2002/2)

2011946
2011946

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011946

 

Dish

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 34 mm (1.34 inch), diameter of rim 219 mm (8.62 inch), diameter of footring 117 mm (4.61 inch), weight 325 grams (11.46 ounce (oz.))

 

Published: Melk en Bloed. Erlesenes Porzellan aud dem Reich der Mitte, (Exhibition catalogue, Matthias Stenger, Norden, 2018), p.52, cat. 12.

 

Exhibited: Melk en Bloed. Erlesenes Porzellan aud dem Reich der Mitte held from 20 May 2018 to 6 January 2019 at the Ostfriesisches Teemuseum Norden Germany.

 

Dish on a footring, the spreading sides modeled with pomegranate-shaped panels in low relief and a scalloped rim. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red and gold on the glaze with a pheasant on a taihu rock flanked by flowering plants. On the sides large panels filled with flowering plants in-between these panels single flowering plants. Around the rim a pointed leaves pattern border with flower heads. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The border design with the modelled pomegranate-shape panels must have been popular at the time as it is known with various central designs in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' as well as in underglaze blue (see:

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1660-1722 - Dishes - Page 2 - Object 2011569) and a mixture of underglaze blue and 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' designs.  In the cargo of the Ca Mau shipwreck, c.1725 a series of eight dishes with  identically decorated border designs in underglaze blue were found. (Amsterdam 2007, p.44, lot 89)

 

For other identically shaped dishes with a similar border design and other central designs, please see:

The pheasant on a rock is a very popular motif on export porcelain and frequently appears on enamelled and underglaze blue Kangxi wares. In Chinese bureaucratic hierarchy officials of the second grade had a gold pheasant embroidered on their court robes, those of the fifth grade a silver pheasant. The bird was represented as standing on a rock, looking towards the sun, the imperial symbol of authority. (Williams 1976, pp.322-323), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.157

  

 

 

Chinese Mandarin rank badge of a silver Pheasant, fifth grade civil servant, c.1850, Qing dynasty (1644-1911) © 2014 LAPADA, the association of art & antique dealers.

 

For other objects decorated with a pheasant on rockwork, please see:

Condition: Various glaze rough spots, two tiny chips and a short glaze hairline to the rim (only visible on the reverse).

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1974, cat. 318 & 319

Williams 1976, pp.322-323

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 171

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

Amsterdam 2007, p.44, lot 89

Schölvinck 2010, p.43 

Düsseldorf 2015, cat. 123.1-123.5

Emden 2015/1, cat. 42

Emden 2015/2, cat. 42

Suebsman 2018, cat.12

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011453
2011453

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011453

 

Dish

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of rim 220 mm (8.66 inch), diameter of footring 121 mm (4.76 inch)

 

Dish on a footring, the spreading sides modelled with pomegranate-shaped panels in low relief, scalloped rim and a glazed base. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze with two ladies in a garden landscape near a fence with flowering plants, trees, the sun and pierced rockwork. On the sides large panels filled with flowering plants in-between these panels single flowering plants. Around the rim a trellis pattern border with half flower heads. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

On this dish we see a scene from the Xixiangji (The Romance of the Western Chamber), a comedy play in eight books by Wang Shifu (c.1250-1300). Here we see the two characters Yingying and Hongniang admiring flowers in the gardens of Pujiu Monastery. The student Zhang is about to see Yingying for the first time and fall in love with her. (Düsseldorf 2015, cat. 123.1)

 

The composition and iconography of this specific dish is consistent with the normal export assortment of blue-and-white Kangxi porcelain of c.1700.

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

For similarly decorated dishes, please see:

Condition: A few glaze rough spots a fleabite and a frit to the rim. Some shallow frits and chips to the footring.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1968, cat. 114

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1974, cat. 318 & 319

Jörg 1982/2, cat. 74

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989, cat. 105

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

Pohle 2006, cat. 2

Düsseldorf 2015, cat. 123.1

musee.lorient.fr/, inv.nr. ML400 C250

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2011445, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold dish >>

2011425
2011425

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011425

 

Dish

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 225 mm (8.85 inch), diameter of footring 126 mm (4.96 inch), weight 325 grams (11.46 ounce (oz.))

 

Exhibited: The Asian Galleries Reinmagined - Color Across Asia held from 21 December 2016 to 13 May 2018 at the Ackland Art Museum, The University of North Carolina at Chaphil Hill, The United States of America, Object Guide no. 78.

 

Dish on a footring, the spreading sides modelled with pomegranate-shaped panels in low relief, scalloped rim. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze with a river scene. On the sides large panels filled with flowering plants in-between these panels single flowering plants. Around the rim a trellis pattern border with half flower heads. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

The composition and iconography of this specific dish is consistent with the normal export assortment of blue-and-white Kangxi porcelain of c.1700.

 

For an identically, sized and decorated dish, please see:

 For similarly decorated dishes, please see:

Condition: A few glaze rough spots and a hairline to the rim. Some shallow frits and chips to the footring.

 

References;

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1968, cat. 114

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1974, cat. 318 & 319

Jörg 1982/2, cat. 74

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989, cat. 105

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

Pohle 2006, cat. 2

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2011434, another identically, shaped, sized and decorated, sold dish >>

2011450
2011450

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011450

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 32 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of rim 206 mm (8.11 inch), diameter of footring 115 mm (4.53 inch), weight 279 grams (9.84 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, spreading flat, underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red and gold on the glaze with feng-huang, perched on a taihu (garden) rock in a garden landscape with flowering peony plants and a tree. On the rim three flowering lily sprays. The reverse is undecorated.  

 

The feng-huang, also called feng or (misleadingly) Chinese phoenix, is in Chinese mythology, an immortal bird whose rare appearance is said to be an omen foretelling harmony at the ascent to the throne of a new emperor. Like the qilin (a unicorn-like creature), the feng-huang is often considered to signify both male and female elements, a yin-yang harmony; its name is a combination of the words feng representing the male aspect and huang the female. (Wikipedia), (Britannica Online Encyclopaedia)

 

Condition: Firing flaws to the base and rim. A fleabite and frit to the reverse rim.

 

References;

Sargent 2012, p.183

Wikipedia 

Britannica Online Encyclopaedia

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010422A
2010422A

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2010422A

 

Cream dish

China

1740-1750

 

Height 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of rim 220 mm (8.66 inch), diameter of footring 110 mm (4.33 inch)

 

Cream dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in 'Red & Gold' or 'Rouge de Fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze with an overall design of flowering peony in various stages of bloom. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: A glaze hairline to the rim (only visible on the front).

 

References:

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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