Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800

 

Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas

 

Page 1 

Chinese porcelain producers developed new types of decorations in the early 18th century, Chinese Imari being one of them. It is characterised by a combination of underglaze blue and overglaze red and gold. Details are sometimes in black and green enamels. This development was a reaction to the success of Japanese Imari porcelain with a similar colour scheme. Sometimes Chinese imitations are direct copies of Japanese examples but more often Chinese Imari is decorated with typical Chinese motifs that are closely related to the underglaze-blue patterns of the period. However, the use of red and gold makes Chinese Imari more lavish. Landscapes, flowering plants, birds and mythical creatures are recurring motifs. Depictions of humans are less frequent and apart from armorial pieces, European designs are quite rare. The shapes fit into the normal export assortment. Chinese Imari was not only in demand in the West, but also in south-east Asia, India, and the Ottoman Empire. In the VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) records it is called 'Chinese-Japanese' and in addition to blue and white and enamelled wares, this was a standard type in the Company's assortment that was bought in Canton until the end of the 18th century.

2011025
2011025

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011025

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 265 mm (10.43 inch), diameter of footring 145 mm (5.71 inch)

 

Dish on footring with a border of interlocking open rings and an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou).  Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with flowering plants around a pheasant on a rock, enclosed by a small zig-zag lines pattern border with eight reserves filled with flowers. On the sides four auspicious symbols with ribbons and flower sprays. The rings coloured iron-red, pale pink and green in sequence. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

The border of interlocking rings is known from early 18th century famille verte pieces. This kind of rim was probably specially developed for the European market. When the dish was finished, the pattern was traced onto the dish with a stencil after which the circles were cut from the leather-hard clay. It is less frequently used on Chinese Imari plates and dishes so this piece can be considered a fine and rare example, This kind of rim seems to have been abandoned around 1750, probably because it was to expensive. At times it was also imitated in European porcelain, in particular Bow and Worcester. It is interesting to note that Japanese Imari pieces are also known with such borders, shallow bowls in particular. (Jörg 2003/1, p.115)

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

For identically, with famille verte enamels decorated dishes, please see:

For a Japanese Imari shallow bowl with an open-worked rim of interlocking rings, please see:

Condition: A frit to the footring.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1972, pl. 146

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 184

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 90

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 171 & 227

Jörg 1999, cat. 64

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 121

New York 2008, lot 380

Jörg 2011/2, cat. 40

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010342
2010342

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2010342

 

Dish

China

1700-1720

 

Height 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of rim 225 mm (8.86 inch), diameter of footring 110 mm (4.33 inch)

 

Dish on footring, flat rim. Some kiln-grit adhering to the footring. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with two flowering chrysanthemum and peony plants. On the rim two flowering chrysanthemum and two flowering peony sprays. On the reverse a continuous flowering peony scroll.


Condition: A firing flaw and a rough rim due to heavy glaze chips.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010100K
2010100K

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2010100K

 

Saucer

China

1735-1745

 

Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of footring 65 mm (2.56 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a qilin and a large phoenix flying overhead, in a garden with a balustrade, a banana tree and vegetation. On the interior wall Taoist symbols. The reverse is undecorated. The qilin, 麒麟, is a mythical animal that is composed of other animals: a sheep's head, a dragon's scales, a deer's body, the feet of a horse, the hooves and tail of an ox. It can have one horn or a pair of horns on its head. Qilins are considered good omens symbolizing prosperity, sound government, long life and fecundity. In Chinese tradition, the qilin also represents the law, wisdom, integrety and compassion. It is known throughout various East Asian cultures, and is said to appear with the imminent arrival or passing of a wise sage or an illustrious ruler. The flying feng-huang, also called feng or (misleadingly) Chinese phoenix, is in Chinese mythology, an immortal bird whose rare appearance is said to be an omen foretelling harmony at the ascent to the throne of a new emperor. Like the qilin (a unicorn-like creature), the feng-huang is often considered to signify both male and female elements, a yin-yang harmony; its name is a combination of the words feng representing the male aspect and huang the female. (Jörg 2003/2, p.57, cat 46), (Wikipedia), (Britannica Online Encyclopaedia)

 

The combination of two mythical animals, the kylin and the phoenix, was a popular auspicious motif. It was copied on European ceramics as typically Chinese and exotic. (Jörg 2011/2, p.46)

 

For similarly decorated objects, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Valenstein 1975, fig. 225

Pinto de Matos 1996, cat. 99

Jörg 2003/2, cat 46

Jörg 2011/2, cat. 37

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011639
2011639

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011639

 

Dish

China

1710-1730


Height 39 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 285 mm (12.72 inch), diameter of footring 153 mm (7.09 inch), weight 587 grams (20.71 ounce (oz.))

 

Exhibited: The Asian Galleries Reinmagined - Color Across Asia held from 21 December 2016 to 13 May 2018 at the Ackland Art Museum, The University of North Carolina at Chaphil Hill, The United States of America, Object Guide no. 71.


Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with in the centre flowering peony, bamboo and chrysanthemum plants growing from taihu (garden) rock with two birds, one fin flight and one perched on a rock, a butterfly and small insects in flight. On the sides dense foliate scrolls reserved on an iron-red ground which incoporate a flower head between leaves alternating with four cartouches filled with chrysanthemum flower sprays. On the rim chrysanthemum flower sprays with antiquities alternating with peony flower sprays with antiquities. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

The decoration on this dish is extremely well preserved with (almost) no wear at all to Chinese Imari (gold) decoration.  


Condition: A Y-shaped hairline to the base and a chip to the inner footring.

 

Reference:

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011203
2011203

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011203

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1700-1715

 

Height 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 112 mm (4.41 inch), diameter of footring 61 mm (2.40 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, scalloped rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, black, iron-red and gold with  a scene from a Chinese Opera play love story named (柳 毅 傳 書), "The Dragon King's Daughter", one of the many Tang dynasty (A.D. 618-907) stories. It was widely told in China, and has been restructured in various forms in different times and regional areas. In the seventeenth century, a young scholar named Liu Yi, a scholar on his way to the capital for a civil-service examination, meets a lone shepherdess, a Dragon-Princess, who has been deserted by her husband. Liu Yi takes her letter of appeal to her father, the Dragon-King, who flies into a rage and kills her husband. Liu Yi distances himself from the rescued Princess, because he caused her widowhood. Driven by her love to Liu Yi, the Dragon-Princess transforms herself into an industrious fisherman’s daughter and she asks a matchmaker to match her with Liu Yi. On their wedding night, the obedient Liu Yi recognizes the transformed Dragon-Princess. (source: lamama.org)

 

The scene is well set with dangerous feel: the thick clouds covering the moon showing it as a dark night. The blue and red waves make a rough sea. The movement of the tortoise and the carp creates speed and motion. The Princess is shy but the love is so intense with her looking back and the man leaning forward while holding a flute. (I am indebted to Mr. S. Fan, Doncaster for this information)

 

The Carp and Tortoise themselves have special meaning. Carp: healthy, energetic and lively. The word 'fish' (魚) pronounces the same as '餘' which means 'more than enough', or 'having surplus'. The Carp jumping over the Dragon Gate means a break though, great success, equates to graduating to be a court official. Tortoise: the tortoise is sacred in China and is an emblem of longevity, strength and endurance. The "kuei" or tortoise is the chief of all shelly animals, because its nature is spiritual. It was said to be an attendant of P'an Ku when he chiselled out the world.
 
Condition: A chip, three frits and a fleabite to the rim.

 

Reference:

lamama.org, Dragon Princess PDF, 2006

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011996
2011996

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011996

 

Dish

China

c.1720

 

Height 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rim 223 mm (8.78 inch), diameter of footring 117 mm (4.61 inch), weight 305 grams (10.76 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red, black and gold. In the centre a Chinese garden scene with a flowering peony plant and a large bamboo tree with a Lady on a swing looking down at a little dancing boy. On the sides a trellis pattern border with four flower heads. On the rim large incised lotus flower buds with a small border with floral elements. The reverse with two bamboo sprays.

 

Chinese Imari or "Chinese Japanese" as it is referred to in the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) archives, was actually the Chinese answer to the popular Japanese Imari (after the port in Japan from which they were shipped), with its underglaze blue, iron-red and gold, that was produced in Arita for export from c.1680. This unusual dish is an interesting piece. On it the Chinese porcelain painter combined the underglaze blue and incised decoration with a 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' decorating style with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze, making it rare and unusual. (Jörg 2002/2, p.119)

 

The incised pattern is barely discernible to the naked eye unless the ware is held up to the light. The incised recesses have been filled with a transparent glaze to create a flat surface. The Chinese call this technique anhua (hidden decoration). (Emden 2015/1, p.132, cat. 122)

 

Condition: A glaze rough spot and a hairline to the rim. 

 

References:

Jörg 2002/2, p.119

Sargent 2012, p.183

Emden 2015/1, p.132

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2010450 another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold dish >>

More pictures of object 2011870 another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold dish >>

2011855
2011855

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2011855

 

Dish

China

1720-1730

 

Height 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of rim 220 mm (8.66 inch), diameter of footring 110 mm (4.33 inch), weight 346 grams (12.20 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a central, flower-shaped, medallion filled with a flying duck and a pond with lotus flowers and two swimming ducks. On the sides flower sprays with leafy scrolls. Around the rim a diaper pattern ground with a single flower head between four reserves filled with a flower head. On the reverse three flower sprays.

 

Chinese Imari usually confined itself to iron-red, underglaze blue, and gold, but occasionally it was enriched with famille verte panels. It was based on the Japanese wares of a similar type made in the Arita kilns and exported to Europe in enormous quantities from the port of Imari in the Southern Island. (Boulay 1984, p.252)

 

The production of Chinese Imari starting in the early years of the 18th century, reached its peak in the 1720s and 1730s, but became formalised and repetitive in the next decades. Although Chinese Imari was primarily produced for export, it may be noted that there are some pieces in this style in the Palace Museum, Beijing. If these really were part of the imperial collection and not later additions, they are an indication that Chinese Imari was also appreciated by the Chinese an probably served as some kind of "Western" exotic ware. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, pp.199-200)

 

Condition: A tiny fleabite to the reverse rim.

 

Reference:

Boulay 1984, p.252

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, pp.199-200

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010119
2010119

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2010119

 

Dish

China

1720-1735

 

Height 24 mm (0.95 inch), diameter 215 mm (8.47 inch), diameter of footring 110 mm (4.33 inch)

 

Dish on footring, moulded, egg-shaped, panels in low relief on the rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with various flowers and a flowering chrysanthemum tree growing from behind a fence. On the sides sixteen panels, each separated by a flower and filled with a flowering chrysanthemum. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

The shape, size and design on these Chinese Imari decorated dishes have derived from earlier (Kangxi) examples decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze.

 

Condition: Three very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2010118, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold dish >>

2010621
2010621

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1 

 

Object 2010621

 

Dish

China

1720-1740

 

Height 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of rim 227 mm (8.94 inch), diameter of footring 128 mm (5.04 inch)

 

Dish on footring flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a chrysanthemum flower spray reserved on a dense leafy ground. On the sides a diaper pattern border containing four cartouches each filled with flowers. On the rim eight (half) flowering chrysanthemum flower heads with leaves and flowering wisteria. The reverse is undecorated.

Condition: A firing flaw to the rim and the exterior wall and a few tiny frits to the footring.

 

Reference:

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010440
2010440

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2010440

 

Dish

 

China

 

1720-1740

 

Height 33 mm (1.30 inch), diameter of rim 167 mm (6.58 inch), diameter of footring 102 mm (4.02 inch)

Dish on footring, straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a flowering peony tree growing from rockwork near a fence with two butterflies in flight. On the rim a trellis-pattern border with four flower heads. The reverse is undecorated. On the interior wall a rectangular paper label with the handwritten number '98'.

 

Looking at the handwriting of the number '98', in old ink, it appears that the label was placed on the dish a long time ago. So the label itself has become part of the dish's history. Number '98' was, most likely, the dish's number in a previous owner's collection.

 

Condition: A few tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010159
2010159

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Object 2010159

 

Dish

China

1720-1740

 

Height 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rim 230 mm (9.06 inch), diameter of footring 123 mm (4.84 inch)


Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a flowering peony and bamboo tree growing from behind a fence. On the sides a diaper-pattern border containing four cartouches filled with flowers. On the rim four flowering chrysanthemum and peony branches. The reverse is undecorated.

Condition: Three very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010172 1-6
2010172 1-6

Sold Ceramics - Sold Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Flowers, Animals and Long Elizas - Page 1

 

Objects 2010172 1-6

 

Six dishes

China

1720-1750

 

Heights 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rims 230 mm (9.06 inch), diameter of footrings 123 mm (4.84 inch)


Six dishes on footrings, flat underglaze brown-edged rims (jia mangkou). rims. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with
a flowering peony tree growing from behind a fence and a flowering chrysanthemum tree growing from behind a garden wall. On the sides peony flower heads reserved on a diaper pattern ground with four reserves filled with flowering plants. On the rim two flowering chrysanthemum and two flowering peony sprays. The reverses are undecorated. Each dish with an orange number painted on its base: 1,2,3,4,5,6. On the base of dish 6 a paper label that reads "Chinees Imari 1e h. 18e E € 1.850,-".

 

Conditions:

 

Dish 1: Two fleabites to the rim.

Dish 2: A chip to the interior rim and two fleabites to the rim.

Dish 3: A chip and a firing flaw to the exterior rim.

Dish 4: A frit to the interior rim and a hairline to the rim.

Dish 5: Perfect.

Dish 6: A frit and two fleabites to the interior rim.

 

Reference:

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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