Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730

 

Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares

 

Page 1

This type of porcelain with decorations painted in iron-red, gold and some black enamel, is traditionally called melk en bloed, (which literarily translates as milk and blood). Interestingly, in The Netherlands in the 18th century the name was also applied to a specific type of imported Indian chintz, with predominantly red decorations on a light ground. The composition and iconography usely conform to the normal export assortment of blue-and-white Kangxi porcelain of c.1700. The dating of early 18th century is confirmed by the existence of some Red & Gold objects in the collection of August the Strong (1670-1733). Apparently, this type of porcelain was popular mainly among the Dutch and the very few pieces that can be found elsewhere in Europe usually come from The Netherlands. (Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989), (Jörg 2002/2)

2012099
2012099

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2012099

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height of teacup 44 mm (1.73 inch), diameter of rim 73 mm (2.87 inch), diameter of footring 31 mm (1.22 inch), weight 55 grams (1.94 ounce (oz.))

 

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 118 mm (4.65 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch)), weight 79 grams (2.79 ounce (oz.))

 

Moulded teacup and saucer on footrings with everted scalloped sides and rims. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' or 'Rouge de Fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze with two ladies in a garden landscape near a fence with flowering plants, trees, clouds and the sun. On the sides large panels filled with flowering plants. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

On this teacup and saucer we see a scene from the Xixiangji (The Romance of the Western Chamber), a comedy play in eight books by Wang Shifu (c.1250-1300). Here we see the two characters Yingying and Hongniang admiring flowers in the gardens of Pujiu Monastery. The student Zhang is about to see Yingying for the first time and fall in love with her. (Düsseldorf 2015, cat. 123.1)

 

For an identically decorated dish, please see:

Condition teacup: Some very tiny and shallow fleabites and frits and a short hairline  to the rim.

Condition saucer: Some frits, fleabites and a firing flaw to the footring, a shallow glaze rough spot to the rim.

 

Reference:

Düsseldorf 2015, cat. 123.1

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2012113
2012113

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

Page 1 

 

Object 2012113

 

Saucer

China

1720-1740

 

Height 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of rim 107 mm (4.21 inch), diameter of footring 66 mm (2.60 inch), weight 42 grams (1.48 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red, silver (oxidised) and gold with two quails near a shore, taihu (garden) rock and flowering peont and prunus plants. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The quail, or a pair of quails, fairly often used as a motif on fine porcelain, is a symbol of courage because of its fighting qualities. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.213)

 

For other objects, polychrome decorated with two quails, please see:

Condition: A tiny firing flaw to the reverse rim.

 

Reference:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 237

  

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2012114, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold saucer >>

2012075
2012075

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2012075

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

c.1735

 

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 32 grams (1.13 ounce (oz.)) 

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of footring 66 mm (2.60 inch), weight 46 grams (1.62 ounce (oz.)) 

 

Teacup and saucer on footring, spreading sides and everted rims with six small indentations. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red, black and gold with a butterfly in flight in a central panel surrounded by gilded panels, filled with radiating lines incised under the glaze, and borders. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

The indented rim is characteristic of a group of well-enamelled tea-wares of a thin, pure body produced during the Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.213)

 

For an identically shaped, sized and decorated teacup and saucer, please see:

This specific design can also be found on over-decorated wares, for an English over-decorated Chinese saucer with this design, please see:

Condition:

Teacup: A fleabite to the rim.

Saucer: A fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 237

Mudge 2000, cat. 184

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011826
2011826

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2011826

 

Teapot

 

China

 

c.1720

 

Height with cover 115 mm (4.53 inch), height without cover 90 mm (3.54 inch), diameter handle to spout 140 mm (5.51 inch), diameter of mouthrim 48 mm (1.89 inch), diameter of footring 56 mm (2.20 inch), weight including cover 309 grams (10.90 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 52 grams (1.83 ounce (oz.))

 

Pear-shaped teapot on a footring. Straight spout and a curved C-shaped handle, domed pierced cover with stem finial protruding from a modelled chrysanthemum flower spray in low relief. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red and gold on the glaze with on either side of the body a flowering chrysanthemum and prunus spray in low relief. Round the foot a pointed leaves-pattern border and round the mouthrim two stylized borders. On the handle and spout florets between scrolls. The cover is decorated en suite.

 

Only grown in China and Japan during the 17th Century, tea became known in the Netherlands early because the Dutch East India Company (VOC) shipped small quantities home. Its use as a beverage was established slowly, and was probably started by retired VOC employees who had become accustomed to drinking tea in the East. At a tea party, the expensive beverage was served in small teapots, one for each guest, filled with the leaves of the type he or she preferred. The tea was poured into small cups, while the teapot was refilled with hot water from a metal or sometimes ceramic kettle. The small quantity of famille verte teapots still abound reflects the demand in Europe at the time. Elaborately decorated, they must have been regarded as luxury wares for the upper classes. (Jörg 2011/2, p.131)

 

Condition: A restored spout and remodelled protruding chrysanthemum stem finial in low relief.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2011/2, p.131

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011513
2011513

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2011513

 

Coffee pot

 

China

 

1720-1740

 

Height with cover 230 mm (9.05 inch), height without cover 170 mm (6.70 inch) diameter of mouthrim 70 mm (2.76 inch), diameter of footring 127 mm (5.91 inch), weight 949 grams (33.48 ounce (oz.))

 

Published: Have a Cup of Tea. Chinese Porcelain and Tea in North-West Germany, (Exhibition catalogue, Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg, 2015), p.84, cat. 46 / Made in China, Porzellan und Teekultur im Nordwesten, (Exhibition catalogue, Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg, 2015), p.118, cat. 46, Melk en Bloed. Erlesenes Porzellan aud dem Reich der Mitte, (Exhibition catalogue, Matthias Stenger, Norden, 2018), pp.92-93, cat. 40.

 

Exhibited: Have a Cup of Tea. Chinese Porcelain and Tea in North-West Germany held from 22 March to 25 August 2015 at the Ostfriesisches Landesmuseum Emden Germany / 'Made in China. Porzellan und Teekultur im Nordwesten' held from 22 March to 23 August 2015 at the Ostfriesisches Landesmuseum Emden Germany, Melk en Bloed. Erlesenes Porzellan aud dem Reich der Mitte held from 20 May 2018 to 6 January 2019 at the Ostfriesisches Teemuseum Norden Germany.

Have a cup of tea p. 118, cat 46

 

(Reproduced from: Have a Cup of Tea. Chinese Porcelain and Tea in North-West Germany, (Exhibition catalogue, Isensee Verlag, Oldenburg, 2015), p.84, cat. 46copyright in bibliographic data and cover images is held by the publisher or by their respective licensors: all rights reserved)

 

Tapering cylindrical coffee pot on low footring. The handle placed at an angle to the S-shaped spout. Domed and pierced cover with pointed knob. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red and gold. Continuously decorated with large flowering peony and chrysanthemum plants, on the handle and spout florets between scrolls with cloud motifs. On the cover a large flowering peony, the knob with a flower head.

 

The term Chine de commande is used for Chinese porcelain objects decorated with Western designs or objects that were made after Western models. This coffee pot is a fine example of the latter. At the end of the 17th century drinking coffee was a rage throughout Europe and the demand for porcelain coffee wares was booming. The first porcelain coffee pots that arrived in the West were Japanese they were tapering shaped and made after a European metal model. Soon the Chinese began to imitate this European model. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.275)

 

Condition: A restoration to the rim of the cover.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.275

Emden 2015/1, cat. 46

Emden 2015/2, cat 46

Suebsman 2018, cat 40

 

Price: Sold. 

 

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2011787
2011787

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2011787

 

Teacup with cover & saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height of teacup 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 60 mm (2.36 inch), diameter of footring 20 mm (0.79 inch), weight 33 grams (1.16 ounce (oz.))

Height of cover 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of rim 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of scale 55 mm (2.17 inch), weight 21 grams (0.74 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 108 mm (4.25 inch), diameter of footring 66 mm (2.60 inch), weight 44 grams (1.55 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup with cover and saucer on footrings with spreading sides and rims. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with iron-red and gold on the glaze with a central flowering peony spray on the sides and rim a continuous floral scroll. The teacup and cover are decorated en suite. On top of the cover an orchid (Cymbidium virescens). 

 

The orchid (Cymbidium virescens), the Lan Hua. is a motif commonly seen on fine Chinese export porcelain of around 1740.

  

Condition:

Teacup: a chip to the inner rim.

Cover: two frits and two short hairlines to the rim.

Saucer: a frit to the reverse rim, a Y-shaped hairline and two short glaze-hairlines (only visible on one side) to the base.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010990
2010990

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2010990

 

Teapot stand / pattipan

 

China

 

1700-1710

 

Height 22 mm (0.86 inch), dimensions 122 mm (4.80 inch) x 122 mm (4.80 inch)

 

Teapot stand / pattipan or saucer dish with spreading sides on a flat unglazed base. Used as teapot or milk jug stand. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' or 'Rouge de Fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze. The central design consists of a single flowering chrysanthemum in a concentric band surrounded by four flowering plants. On the interior wall flowering plants and round the rim a zig-zag pattern border. The reverse is similarly decorated with flowering plants.

 

As early as 1728 the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC), "Dagh-registers" state that its ship "Coxhorn" that left Amsterdam in 1728 with destination China, returned to the Netherlands on June 13th 1730, fully loaded with tea and porcelain, among its cargo were, for instance, 810 tea pots, 251 pairs of small covered sugar-boxes and 600 pattipans. A pattipan was used to protect the surface of luxurious lacquer or painted tea tables, against the influence of a hot teapot or drops running from its spout. If, in certain circles, a special tea table was not at hand it served to protect the furniture or its valuable table-cloth from tea spots. The Dutch word "pattipan" is most likely derived from the English word "patty pan" meaning a pastry mould for little pies or pastries. These "patty pans" were very similar, in shape and size, to our "pattipannen".  (Volker 1959), (Kleyn 1980, pp. 253-261)

 

Condition: A chip and fritted round the rim and edges, some wear, due to use, to the decoration.

 

References:

Volker 1959

Kleyn 1980, pp. 253-261

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010848
2010848

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2010848

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height of teacup 42 mm (1.65 inch), diameter of rim 67 mm (2.64 inch), diameter of footring 29 mm (1.14 inch)

Height of saucer 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of rim 110 mm (4.33 inch), diameter of footring 61 mm (2.40 inch))

 

Exhibited: The Asian Galleries Reinmagined - Color Across Asia held from 21 December 2016 to 13 May 2018 at the Ackland Art Museum, The University of North Carolina at Chaphil Hill, The United States of America, Object Guide no. 69.

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, scalloped sides and rims. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' or 'Rouge de Fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze with in the centre a single flower head,  on the sides flowering carnation and chrysanthemum plants connected by flower heads tied with ribbons. Round the rim a ruyi border. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

Condition teacup: Five shallow and very tiny fleabites to the rim.

Condition saucer: Perfect.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011781
2011781

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2011781

 

Teacup & saucer

 

China

 

1710-1730

 

Height of teacup 32 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of rim 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of footring 28 mm (1.10 inch), weight 37 grams (1.31 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 112 mm (4.41 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.16 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' / 'Rouge-de-fer' with a light (pink-wash), iron-red and gold on the glaze with the three legged toad, Jin Chan, 金 蟾, literally "Golden Toad" surrounded by butterflies floral sprays. On the rim a ruyi border. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.  

 

The three legged toad, Jin Chan, 金 蟾, literally "Golden Toad", is most commonly translated as "Money Toad" or "Money Frog". This mythical creature is said to appear during the full moon, near houses or businesses that will soon receive good news (most of the time, the nature of this good news is understood to be wealth-related). According to one Chinese legend, the Jin Chan was the greedy wife of one of the Eight Immortals, who was transformed into a toad as punishment for stealing the Peaches of Immortality. The Jin Chan is usually depicted as a bullfrog with red eyes, flared nostrils and only one hind leg (for a total of three legs) and is often shown in the company of the Immortal Liu Hai (刘 海). The Toad (Jin Chan) is a ‘semi immortal’ animal and relates to the immortal Liu Hai.

 

 

The three legged toad, Jin Chan, 金 蟾, literally "Golden Toad" / "Money Toad" or "Money Frog". This mythical creature is said to appear during the full moon, near houses or businesses that will soon receive good news.Note the ‘air/breath’ Jin Chan breaths out indicating a mythical magic or blessing work in action. (wikipedia / S.Fan) 

 

In Daoist mythology the three-legged toad is said to live on the moon, which it swallows during an eclipse, this making it a symbol of the unattainable. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.106, cat. 100)

 

The toad is the symbol of the unattainable. Evoked to obtain wealth. Symbol of Spring, of fertilising rain and luck. (Pinto de Matos 1996, p.279)

 

Condition:

Saucer: Some frits to the rim.

Teacup: On the rim three popped bubbles of glaze caused during the firing process, two firing tension glaze hairlines (only visible on one side) to the wall and a shallow smooth spot on the footring.

 

References:

Pinto de Matos 1996, p.275 & p.279

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 100

Jörg 2011/2, p.131

wikipedia

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010528
2010528

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2010528

 

Saucer

China

1730-1740

 

Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 103 mm (4.06 inch), diameter of footring 56 mm (2.21 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' or 'Rouge de Fer' with iron-red, black enamel and gold on the glaze with two "Long Eliza" figures playing with a ball in a garden landscape. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: Perfect, fine crazing to the glaze.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011710
2011710

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

Page 1

 

Object 2011710

 

Saucer

China

1710-1730

 

Height 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 110 mm (4.33 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 41 grams (1.45 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring with a straight slightly flaring rim. Decorated in 'Red & Gold' or 'Rouge de Fer' with iron-red and gold on the glaze with a central roundel filled with a woman seated at a table on a fenced terrace looking at a little boy playing. The roundel is surrounded by three pomegranate-shaped cartouches alternately filled with a little boy riding on the back of a buffalo, a fisherman walking in a riverscape and two men fishing in shallow water. The cartouches are reserved on a golden ground decorated with various kinds of fish, shrimps, crabs, shells and two, three legged, toads. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The three legged toad (twice depicted on this saucer), Jin Chan, 金 蟾, literally "Golden Toad", is most commonly translated as "Money Toad" or "Money Frog". This mythical creature is said to appear during the full moon, near houses or businesses that will soon receive good news (most of the time, the nature of this good news is understood to be wealth-related). According to one Chinese legend, the Jin Chan was the greedy wife of one of the Eight Immortals, who was transformed into a toad as punishment for stealing the Peaches of Immortality. The Jin Chan is usually depicted as a bullfrog with red eyes, flared nostrils and only one hind leg (for a total of three legs) and is often shown in the company of the Immortal Liu Hai (刘 海). The Toad is a ‘semi immortal’ animal. (wikipedia / S.Fan) 

 

In Daoist mythology the three-legged toad is said to live on the moon, which it swallows during an eclipse, this making it a symbol of the unattainable. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.106, cat. 100)

 

For a saucer decorated with three, three legged toads, please see: 

Condition: Wear to the decoration and a hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 100

wikipedia

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010120
2010120

Sold Ceramics - Sold Red & Gold / Rouge-de-Fer 1690-1730 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares -

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Object 2010120

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1723-1735

 

Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 130 mm (5.12 inch), diameter of footring 78 mm (3.07 inch)

 

Saucer on a footring with and a moulded, hexafoil rim. 'Gold' Imari, decorated in gold, iron-red and black with three ducks walking between shore vegetation. One duck in flight. Two grasshoppers sit on the vegetation. On the reverse three orchid (Cymbidium virescens) sprays, the Lan Hua a motif commonly seen on fine Chinese export porcelain of around 1740.

 

The indented rim is characteristic of a group of well-enamelled tea-wares of a thin, pure body produced during the Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.213)

 

Condition: A tiny glaze frit to the rim.

 

Reference:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 237

 

Price: Sold.

 

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