Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800

 

Dishes

 

Page 2

There was great demand for Chinese porcelain in Europe at the end of the 17th century. This led to the production of a variety of shapes and decorations while the competition between private merchants also contributed to a very varied supply. Besides porcelain decorated in underglaze blue, famille verte and Chinese Imari, many other types emerged, decorated with overglaze enamels that were sometimes combined with underglaze blue. The most important development, however, was the use of a pink-red enamel around 1725. Porcelain decorated with this enamel is called famille rose. Within a very short time this type supplanted famille verte and became the popular choice for all kinds of export porcelain. Mixing the rose with white enamel created shades of colour that suggested depth and volume. Famille rose knows a great variety in quality and decorations. The name was invented in the 19th century; before that it was simply called 'enamelled'. Rose enamel was first developed in the Imperial workshops in Beijing and applied on enamelled copper and bronze objects. Western chemical knowledge introduced by the Jesuits at the court around 1700 probably played a role. Since c.1725 it also was used on porcelain in Jingdezhen. Initially, the colour had a lilac shade but became a proper pink after c.1730. It was applied rather thickly and, unlike the very thin iron-red, can easily be felt on top of the glaze. Rose was applied on all types of export porcelain and there are countless combinations with other enamels.

2011827
2011827

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Dishes - Page 2

 

Object 2011827

 

Dish

 

China

 

1740-1760

 

Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of rim 233 mm (9.17 inch), diameter of footring 132 mm (5.20 inch), weight 422 grams (14.89 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, straight rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a scalloped medallion with chrysanthemums and various other, scattered, single flower sprays. The sides with four peaches and four leaf-shaped panels filled with a flower spray on a light brown ground with grey marbling. The reverse is undecorated.

 

According to Jörg Chinese porcelain for the domestic market often has a decoration or ground imitating other materials, for example, woodgrain, lacquerwork, jade, bamboo or bronze. This occurs less on export porcelain. This dish has been painted to imitate marble or soapstone. The Van Diepen Collection  has a fish dish with strainer and a teacup and saucer, all four decorated in this way and possibly all parts of the same service for the objects please see:

Condition: A frit and a hairline to the rim. 

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 93

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2012092
2012092

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Dishes - Page 2

 

Object 2012092

 

Dish

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of rim 286 mm (11.26 inch), diameter of footring 163 mm (6.42 inch), weight 643 grams (22.68 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring with an underglaze brown-edged open lotus-shaped rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in various famille rose enamels and gold. In the centre a flowering peony, Chinese carnation and a lily (auspicious symbols of longevity and eternal youth). On the sides and rim peonies, chrysanthemums and narcissi with leaves, on a spiral diaper ground. On the reverse nine stylized lingzhi fungi of immortality.

 

The dish is modelled as an open lotus flower and is characteristic of the more de luxe kind of famille rose that was made for the Western market. It fully corresponds to Jingdezhen production of the late Yongzheng and early Qianlong eras, when decoration often appears on dishes and bowls consisting of single floral sprays without rocks, bordered on the edge with floral ornamentation composed into lobed bands on a spiral pattern ground. We can find in worldwide collections a whole range of identical or more-or-less similar patterns, often differing only in minor details. Similar pattern are recorded in Europe from as early as the 1730s. (Suchomel 2015, p.404)

 

For a similarly decorated dish, please see:

Condition: Some shallow frits to the footring, two hairlines and a shallow glaze chip to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

Suchomel 2015, cat. 243

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011722
2011722

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Dishes - Page 2

 

Object 2011722

 

Dish

 

China

 

1740-1760

 

Height 33 mm (1.30 inch), diameter of rim 259 mm (10.20 inch), diameter of footring 137 mm (5.39 inch), weight 612 grams (21.59 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in various famille rose enamels with gold and other overglaze enamels, with various flower sprays on the sides and rim six oval shaped cartouches filled with flower sprays and fruiting branches separated by wedges with half flowerheads. On the reverse four flower sprays. 

 

Howard states that this apparently Chinese design clearly derives from the second design of Cornelis Pronk, 'The Four Doctors' which has a very similar border formation but with more elaborate details. It is probable that the interest caused in Canton by the Pronk border designs prompted a Chinese workshop to produce a similar effect at much lower cost, using patterns with which it was more familiar, for Dutch supercargoes or private traders of other countries. (Howard 1994, pp.80-81, cat. 64)

 

For an identically decorated dish, please see:

For a dish, decorated in various overglaze enamels, with Cornelis Pronk's 'The Four Doctors' design, please see:

Condition: Perfect. 

 

References:

Jörg 1980, cat. 45

Howard 1994, cat. 64

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011610ABC & 2011663ABC
2011610ABC & 2011663ABC

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Dishes - Page 2

 

Objects 2011610ABC & 2011633ABC

 

Six dishes

China

1735-1750

 

2011610

(A) Height 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 228 mm (8.98 inch), diameter of footring 128 mm (5.04 inch), weight 337 grams (11.89 ounce (oz.))

(B) Height 24 mm (0.95 inch), diameter of rim 228 mm (8.98 inch), diameter of footring 128 mm (5.04 inch), weight 348 grams (12.28 ounce (oz.))

(C) Height 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rim 230 mm (9.06 inch), diameter of footring 123 mm (4.84 inch), weight 370 grams (13.05 ounce (oz.))

 

2011633

(A) Height 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of rim 228 mm (8.98 inch), diameter of footring 122 mm (4.80 inch), weight 344 grams (12.13 ounce (oz.))

(B) Height 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of rim 229 mm (9.02 inch), diameter of footring 122 mm (4.80 inch), weight 387 grams (13.65 ounce (oz.))

(C) Height 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of rim 228 mm (8.98 inch), diameter of footring 127 mm (5.00 inch), weight 343 grams (12.10 ounce (oz.))


Six dishes on footrings, flat underglaze brown-edged rims (jia mangkou). Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels with a seated lady and two servants. One servant is holding a fan behind the seated lady while the other is pouring a cup of tea. The central decoration is surrounded by a floral scroll in rococo-style. On the rim a spearhead pattern border (the shape resembling a spearhead while in fact they are stylised ruyi motifs). The reverses are undecorated.

 

The design on these dishes derived from an old Chinese novel named 'The drunken Concubine',  one of the masterpieces by Mei Lan-Fang (a famous opera actor and legend, famous for performing a female role on stage). The story happened in Tang Dynasty around 745-755 AD. It is almost a one-person show. The story is quite simple. Mei had made this play famous by his vivid performance reflecting the concubine's disappointment, her drunken charming, and her intentional show-off of her beauty. There are many movements difficult to perform, including drinking a cup with the performer's teeth only and placing the cup on the tray by bending over backwards.

 

YANG Yu-Huan was Emperor Ming-Huang's favourite concubine. One evening the two had arranged to meet in a pavilion in the imperial gardens after the Emperor was off his duty. So YANG prepared a banquet and was sitting there waiting for him. But the Emperor failed to his promise and went to see one of his other beautiful concubines. The two eunuchs, Gao Li-Shi and Pei Li-Shi, who were serving YANG, informed her of her humiliating position.

 

Furious and depressed by the news, YANG decided to have the banquet alone and ordered the eunuchs to serve the alcoholic drink. YANG showed various stages of intoxication, her jealousy and bitterness, and her intention to forget all the unhappiness. She pretended at first that she was not drunk, but gradually was out of self-control. She scorned the eunuchs when they tried to help. She tried to stand up but was forced to lean on the table for support. When she tried to walk, her steps faltered and her legs were unsteady, and eventually had to be supported by her maids.

 

The two eunuchs were feeling sad and feared that she might ask for more alcoholic drinks. They felt they ought to refuse to serve more but they couldn't. To quiet YANG, the eunuchs told her that the Emperor had arrived. When she discovered that the Emperor was not coming she became angry again. She ordered one of the eunuchs to go and commanded the Emperor to drink with her. When the eunuch refused to do such she got his face slapped. Taking off the eunuch's hat she placed it on her own head and pretended to walk like a man. Then she threw it at the eunuch.

 

The eunuchs gradually persuaded her to return to her chambers, and she finally agreed and staggered away assisted by her maids.

 

(source: www.chinahighlights.com and S. Fan)

 

For dishes decorated with an identically central design, please see:

Condition:

2011610

(A): a firing flaw, a fleabite and fine crazing to the glaze.

(B): two fleabites, a Y-shaped glaze hairline to the centre (not visible on the reverse) fine crazing to the glaze.

(C): three fleabites, three frits and two chips.

2011633

(A): a firing flaw, a fleabite and fine crazing to the glaze.

(B): six fleabites, four frits and a hairline.

(C): a firing flaw, a fleabite and two frits.

 

References:

Gordon 1977, p.14

Jörg 1989/2, cat. 102

Sargent 2012, p.183

Suchomel 2015, cat. 251

www.chinahighlights.com 

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011250
2011250

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Dishes - Page 2

 

Object 2011250

 

Dish

 

China

 

1740-1760

 

Height 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of rim 226 mm (8.90 inch), diameter of footring 120 mm (4.72 inch)

 

Dish on footring, flat rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, gold and other overglaze enamels, with four carp among water plants. On the sides and rim four flower sprays. The reverse is undecorated. On the base a rectangular paper collectors label that reads: '74'.

 

Large dishes with a comparable decoration in underglaze blue, as well as in underglaze blue with enamel colours and (as here) only in enamel colours were part of the cargo on board the Dutch East India Company VOC ship "De Geldermalsen" wrecked on its home voyage in 1752. (Jörg 2002/2, p.118)

 

From 1745 onward, Dutch East India Company VOC records mention "fish bowls". The name "fish bowl" is somewhat misleading, since it reminds one of goldfish. But naturally here a dish is meant, intended especially to serve fish. In papers from 1752/3 we encounter both terms: the same object is sometimes called "fish bowl", at other times a "fish dish". They are always easily recognisable by the decoration: four carp among water plants. Once again, there are three types: blue-and-white, Imari and enamel colours. The blue-and-white kind has been purchased on the merchants own initiative, for it does not occur in the order for 1750. There are four smaller dishes to match each fish dish, of course with the same pattern, to be used for shrimps or butter, according to the order for 1750. (Jörg 1986/1, pp.82-85)

 

For these comparably decorated dishes, please see:

For a comparably, in Chinese Imari with famille rose enamel, decorated dish, please see:

Condition: A hairline, two chips, one with a connected hairline and some tiny frits, all to the rim. 

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lots 3189-3200

Jörg 1986/1, cat. 74

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 80

 

Price: Sold.

 

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