Pater Gratia Oriental Art

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2011156
2011156

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011156

 

Beaker

 

Japan

 

1700-1750

 

Height 92 mm (3.62 inch), diameter of mouthrim 79 mm (3.11 inch), diameter of footring 47 mm (1.85 inch), weight 185 grams (6.53 ounce (oz.))

 

Beaker on footring, straight sides. Decorated in iron-red, black enamel and gold and with two birds perched on a branch of a flowering tree and a poem in Chinese format/style with a square seal mark.

 

The poem reads:

 

Golden morning glow covers the sky, so glittering and bright.

As the sun rises, its colour is getting burning red.

Birds perch on a branch that sticks out alone straight and high.

(The pretty flower contrasts with the broken clouds)

 

This rare beaker, its shape/form deriving from the early 18th century, was not export ware but made for the internal (literary) market. The poem, clearly very intellectual, is written with beautiful calligraphy. The square seal mark imitates the seal on a scroll. Its function is not yet clear to me it may have been used at a tea ceremony as an exotic (for its form) object. 

 

The Groninger Museum has a very similar decorated bowl in its Oriental Ceramics collection, please see:

Condition: A circular hairline caused by the firing process.

 

References:

Visser 1930, cat. 55

Ottema 1943, cat. 298

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011531
2011531

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011531

 

Saucer

 

Japan

 

c.1770

 

Height 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 147 mm (5.79 inch), diameter of footring 89 mm (3.50 inch), weight 161 grams (5.68 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring with a flaring rim, the edge in underglaze brown, and a glazed base. On the base a single spur-mark. Ploychrome decorated in underglaze blue with overglaze iron-red, green, black and yellow enamel with a central ju or kotobuki (long life) character (identical to the Chinese shou character). The sides and rim with scrolling foliage with precious symbols. On the reverse lingzhi alternating with roundels filled with lingzhi and scrolling foliage. Marked on the base with the six-character mark: Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi, (Prepared during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming Dynasty (1465-1487)) in underglaze blue.

 

The ju or kotobuki character and lingzhi are considered emblems of longevity (long life) and derived from Chinese designs.

 

For an object similarly decorated with a central ju or kotobuki character, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

Reference:

Davison 1994, cat. 5

London 1997, cat. 14

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2011532, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold saucer >>

2011095
2011095

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Other wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011095

 

Small bowl

 

Japan

 

c.1850

 

Height 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 71 mm (2.80 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch)

 

Exhibited: Object 2011095 is on display at the exhibition 'China Character, The Story on Porcelain' held from 31 March to 22 October 2017 at the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Netherlands.

 

Small bowl on a wide unglazed footring, straight sides with a slightly flaring rim, the base is unglazed. Decorated in underglaze blue with a moonlit riverscape and a constellation of stars (indicating that this scene was taking place at night) with the poet, Su Shi (Su Dongpo,1037-1101) and his companions in a boat which approaches the shore of the 'Red Cliff' to the left. On the other side an abbreviated version is written in the calligraphic style of the standard script, Chinese 'kaishu' (Chinese script is read from right to left in vertical columns) of 'The Red Cliff Ode', (chi bi fu), two Chinese prose poems written by Su Shi (Su Dongpo,1037-1101). The first 'The Red Cliff Ode' was written in the summer of 1082.

 

Ströber states that the poems were written when the poet was in exile in Huangzhou in the modern province of Hubei. It tells the story of a boating trip of Su Shi with guests over the Yangzhi-river in 1082. The men are at leisure, drinking wine, playing the flute while the boat is drifting beneath the red cliffs on the water. They engage in a philosophical discussion about the shortness of life and the changing and changeless aspects of things. The second poem is the description of another journey to the 'Red Cliff' which the poet undertook a couple of months later. The theme of the poem of the 'Red Cliff' as a decorative motif for porcelain appears on numerous objects of the 17th century and was particularly popular with Chinese scholars. Fitski states that in 18th-century Japan a strong movement was devoted to Chinese culture. This had originated in the mid 17-th century when, after the fall of the Ming-dynasty in 1644, various intellectuals and monks fled from southern China to Japan. The influence of their intellectual legacy created a renewed interest for Chinese culture, Confucius studies, poetry and painting. It also led to a renewed popularity of the image of the scholar as a hermit or as an unadapted person. Especially for officials, often unsatisfied by the way Japanese governmental control was being executed, the scholar who, in solitude, could devote himself to calligraphy, poetry or art was an idealistic image. The movement also had an influence on the decoration of porcelain. On a Japanese dish we see a similar depiction of the Red Cliff journey. The appreciation of Chinese motifs continued until the Meiji period; this teacup is a mid 19-century interpretation of this scene. (Ströber 2001, pp.104-105), (Fitski 2002, pp,46-47)

 

Bowls with this scene also appear on two still-life paintings dated 1627 and 1638 by the French artist Jacques Linard.(source: aziatischekeramiek.nl)

 

Chinese bowls from the Transitional and Kangxi periods with a similar decoration are not rare; some examples, admittedly of poor quality, were salvaged from The Hatcher Junk, c.1643, please see:

For a Ming bowl with similar decoration, please see:

For a Zhangzhou (Swatow) bowl with similar decoration, please see:

For a special bowl from the Kangxi period decorated with the first and second prose poems (Chinese fu) of The Red Cliff Ode (chi bi fu), please see:

For a brush holder from the Kangxi period decorated with overglaze gold on a powder-blue ground with the first and second prose poems (Chinese fu) of The Red Cliff Ode (chi bi fu), please see:

Condition: A chip, two frits, a fleabite and an unglazed spot to the rim.

 

References:

Boulay 1984, cat. 9

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 33

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 108 & 108b

Ströber 2001, cat. 44

Fitski 2002, cat. 47

Jörg 2002, cat 59

 

Donated to the collection of Oriental Ceramics of the Groninger Museum, Groningen, The Netherlands.

 

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