Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 

 

Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares

 

Page 1

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2010551
2010551

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010551

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height of teacup 43 mm (1.69 inch), diameter of rim 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch)

Height of saucer 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings. Moulded walls with scalloped rims. Decorated in underglaze blue in the centre of the saucer in a round shaped medallion with a figure on horseback riding though a rocky landscape, on the sides wide and small moulded, petal-shaped, panels filled with flowering plants alternating with a single stem. Round the rim a trellis pattern border with panels filled with herons. On the reverse wide and small moulded, petal-shaped, panels filled with riverscapes and stripes. The teacup is decorated en suite

 

Condition teacup: Four tiny fleabites and a few tiny.

Condition saucer: A fleabite, a frit and a few < 1 mm (0.039 inch) spots on the rim, caused by plopping bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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More pictures of object 2010531, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold teacup and saucer >>

 

Not illustrated object 2010552, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold teacup and saucer.

201099G
201099G

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1 

 

Object 201099G

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1700-1720

  

Height 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with Zhongli Quan (Master of the Eight Immortals) and a spotted deer in a landscape with rocks, flowering trees, lingzhi, clouds and the sun. Around the rim a spiral pattern border. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Zhongli Quan, the Master of the Eight Immortals, used to be a general during the Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), but he eventually retired into the mountains and attained immortality. He is generally shown with a feather fan used to revive the dead (and sometimes holding a peach), an attribute which, according to the Daoists, is used as a magical instrument, able to give life and destroy evil. (Ströber, 2011, pp.150-153)

 

Condition: Two hairlines and three tiny fleabites to the rim, a frit to the footring.

 

Reference:

Ströber, 2011, pp.150-153

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010307
2010307

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010307

 

Teapot

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 80 mm (3.94 inch), diameter handle to spout 113 mm (5.31 inch), diameter of foot 35 mm (1.77 inch)

 

A small hexagonal shaped teapot on a hexagonal foot. Curved spout, C-shaped handle.  Decorated in underglaze blue with vertical panels filled with a figure sitting in a riverscape and flowering plants with an insect. Around the flat shoulder a zig-zag lines border and on the spout and handle a single flowering stem. On the cover a zig-zag lines border. The original lion-shaped knob has been replaced by an unmarked silver knob.

 

A similar teapot was sold, at Christie's Amsterdam sale AMS 2603, on November 4, 2003, object 145.

 

Condition: A restored cover and underside of the handle, a firing crack to the handle. 

 

Reference:

Jörg & Flecker 2001, Fig. 47

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010547
2010547

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1 

 

Object 2010547

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1700-1720

  

Height 16 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of rim 91 mm (3.58 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.17 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a military man with his servant holding a fan. Both stand near a pine tree looking at a farmer pushing his cart filled with goods. On one side rockwork and on the other a pine tree with clouds and the sun. Around the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The scene on this saucer illustrates an episode from the famous Xi Xiang Ji, a comedy play in eight books by Wang Shifu (c.1250-1300) generally translated as the 'The story of the Western Chamber'. The story goes as follows. The talented but improvised student Zhang Sheng meets the beautiful Cui Yingying while she is staying with her mother and a maid in a monastery. The mother opposes a marriage but, thanks to Hongniang, the maid, a secret affair develops. When the mother detects this, she is furious. The lover is sent to the capital to seek literary success and after a while returns triumphant to claim his bride. Episodes from this story are the source of many of the figural decorations on porcelain of the 17th and 18th centuries. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.158, cat. 172

 

The scene on this saucer  illustrates an episode from book six in which Zhang takes his farewell of Yingying and her maid Hongniang in order to travel to the capital, where he will be taking his public service exams. That is the condition set by Yingying's mother for her consent to their marrying. Zhang's sedan-chair stands ready while his servant prepares the luggage (the pile of scholary books). (Jörg 2011/2, p.101, Scene 20

 

Condition: Four tiny glaze fleabites and two glaze frits to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.158, cat. 172

Jörg 2011/2, p.101, Scene 20

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011939
2011939

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011939

 

Covered jar (tea-caddy)

 

China 

 

c.1700

  

Height with cover 93 mm (3.66 inch), height without cover 85 mm (3.35 inch), diameter: 67 mm (2.64 inch), diameter of mouthrim 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of footring 32 mm (1.26 inch), weight with cover 127 grams (4.48 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 15 grams (0.53 ounce (oz.))

 

Barrel shaped jar on footring with a domed cover. Decorated in underglaze blue with two 'Long Elizas' seated at a table playing 'Weiqi' in a fenced garden landscape. On the cover a dancing boy, his arms in the long sleeves of his garment.

 

The jar is decorated with a scene from the Xixiangji (The Romance of the Western Chamber), a comedy play in eight books by Wang Shifu (c.1250-1300). Her we see the two characters Yingying and Hongniang play weiqi, a kind of Chinese chess as they wait for another character named Zhang. (Düsseldorf 2015, p. 218, cat. 123.3)

 

'Weiqi' or encircling chess is one of the oldest forms of chess. Chess (Weiqi or Go in Japan and the West) is one of the four arts in China. They are qin (the guqin, a stringed instrument. 琴), qi (the strategy game of Weiqi), 棋), shu (Chinese calligraphy 書) and hua (Chinese painting 畫). (Hartog 1990, p.72, cat. 59, wikipedia)

 

For identically shaped, sized and decorated covered jars, please see:

For an identically shaped and sized covered jar decorated with two men playing 'Weiqi', please see:

The scene of 'Long Elizas' is characteristic of Kangxi export porcelain and was much copied in Delft. (Jörg 1984, p.158)

 

For an identically shaped, sized and decorated Delft copy, please see:

Condition: A firing flaw, fleabite, frit and two tiny short hairlines to the inner rim of the cover. Two shallow chips and a fleabite to the inner footring.

 

References:

Jansen 1976, cat. 270

Jörg 1984, cat. 111

Hartog 1990, cat. 59

Düsseldorf 2015, cat. 123.3

Suchomel 2015, cat. 54

wikipedia.org

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010363
2010363

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1 

 

Object 2010363

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1700-1720

  

Height 16 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of rim 83 mm (3.27 inch), diameter of footring 49 mm (1.93 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with two 'Long Eliza' figures, one seated and one standing, in a fenced garden with an almost naked "dancing little boy" or "zotje" holding a flower. On the rim a zig-zag lines border. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: Four tiny hairlines and three tiny frits to the rim and a firing flaw to the reverse.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010254
2010254

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010254

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1700-1710

 

Height of teacup 35 mm (1.37 inch), diameter of rim 50 mm (1.97 inch), diameter of footring 21 mm (0.83 inch)

Height of saucer 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of rim 87 mm (3.43 inch), diameter of footring 46 mm (1.81 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings with ribbed sides and lobed rims. Decorated in underglaze blue. In the centre of the saucer a flower spray in a central roundelircle, on the sides, three branches with pomegranates and insects in flight. Round the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. On the reverse two flower sprays. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

Condition teacup: Perfect, a tiny spot on the rim, caused by a plopping bubble of glaze during the firing process.

Condition saucer: Perfect, a firing flaw to the inside of the footring. 

 

Price: Sold.

 

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