Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 

 

Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares

 

Page 1

There was great demand for Chinese porcelain in Europe at the end of the 17th century. This led to the production of a variety of shapes and decorations while the competition between private merchants also contributed to a very varied supply. Besides porcelain decorated in underglaze blue, famille verte and Chinese Imari, many other types emerged, decorated with overglaze enamels that were sometimes combined with underglaze blue. The most important development, however, was the use of a pink-red enamel around 1725. Porcelain decorated with this enamel is called famille rose. Within a very short time this type supplanted famille verte and became the popular choice for all kinds of export porcelain. Mixing the rose with white enamel created shades of colour that suggested depth and volume. Famille rose knows a great variety in quality and decorations. The name was invented in the 19th century; before that it was simply called 'enamelled'. Rose enamel was first developed in the Imperial workshops in Beijing and applied on enamelled copper and bronze objects. Western chemical knowledge introduced by the Jesuits at the court around 1700 probably played a role. Since c.1725 it also was used on porcelain in Jingdezhen. Initially, the colour had a lilac shade but became a proper pink after c.1730. It was applied rather thickly and, unlike the very thin iron-red, can easily be felt on top of the glaze. Rose was applied on all types of export porcelain and there are countless combinations with other enamels.

2010943
2010943

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010943

 

Tea caddy

 

China

 

1740-1750

 

Height with cover 120 mm (4.72 inch), diameter 73 mm (2.87 inch), diameter of mouthrim 32 mm (1.26 inch)

diameter of footring 50 mm (1.96 inch)

 

Tea caddy of ovoid form on footring. The domed cover with knob, although dating from the same period and fitting perfectly, does not belong. Applied scroll work around the spreading foot. Fitted with a marked Dutch silver mount. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a couple riding on horseback and a following attendant carrying a banner. On the cover a chrysanthemum flower head. The silver marks explained: the maker's mark, unidentified. The sword mark was used (1814-1905) as the standard mark on articles too small for the full hallmarking.

 

The term 'famille rose' was first coined by the 19th-century French author Albert Jacquemart, who distinguished between specific groups in his descriptions of Oriental ceramics. (Jörg 2003/2, p.25)

 

Condition: Perfect. 

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105.

Jörg 2003/2, p.25, cat. 8.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011072A
2011072A

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Object 2011072A

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height of teacup 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 34 mm (1.34 inch)

Height of saucer 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 119 mm (4.69 inch), diameter of footring 77 mm (3.03 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, straight rims. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a peony flower head, on the sides The central representation surrounded by a cell-pattern ground enriched with flowering bamboo, leaves and four medallions each filled with a single lotus flower head. On the sides four shaped medallions filled with a single lotus flower head. On the rim a trellis-pattern border with four cartouches filled with a lotus flower head. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

For an identically decorated set of teacups and saucers, please see:

Condition:

Teacup: A fleabite and a short hairline to the rim.

Saucer: A tiny hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

London 2002, lot 394

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010962
2010962

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Object 2010962

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 72 mm (2.83 inch), diameter of footring 31 mm (1.22 inch)

Height of saucer 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 114 mm (4.49 inch), diameter of footring 67 mm (2.64 inch

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Decorated in various famiille rose enamels a centrsl flowering peony spray surrounded by flowering lotus plants alternating with flower sprays on a blue enamel ground. On the rim a trellis-pattern border with four reserves filled with flower heads. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorate en suite.

 

Condition:

Teacup: Some wear to the blue and white enamel.

Saucer: Two tiny shallow fleabites the footring.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011097 / 2011125
2011097 / 2011125

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011097/125

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1730-1750

 

Height of teacup 36 mm (1.42 inch), diameter of rim 63 mm (2.48 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch)

Height of saucer 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 108 mm (4.25 inch), diameter of footring 58 mm (2.28 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a garden scene, showing a fence, a tree, taihu (garden) rocks with flowering plants and a woman with a fan observing a couple inside a pavilion partly obscured by curtains. The reverse is undecorated. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

The scene on this teacup and saucer illustrates an episode from the famous Xi Xiang Ji by Wang Shifu (c.1250-1300), generally translated as the 'The story of the Western Chamber'. The story goes as follows. The talented but improvised student Zhang Sheng meets the beautiful Cui Yingying while she is staying with her mother and a maid in a monastery. The mother opposes a marriage but, thanks to Hongniang, the maid, a secret affair develops. When the mother detects this, she is furious. The lover is sent to the capital to seek literary success and after a while returns triumphant to claim his bride. Episodes from this story are the source of many of the figural decorations on porcelain of the 17th and 18th centuries. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.158, cat. 172)

 

The scene on this teacup and saucer illustrates an episode from book four in which Zhang and Yingying make love while Hongniang stands outside to protect their privacy. (Jörg 2011, p.100, Scene 18)

 

This scene very decently rendered here, was regarded as pornographic in China and until recently printed or painted depictions were often censored. This act was a main reason why the authorities and the literati declared the play scandalous and immoral, not only because they are engaging in sex before marriage, but also because it happened at the woman's initiative. Of course, this greatly added to its popularity. (Jörg 2011, p.100, Scene 18)

 

For identically decorated objects, please see:

Condition:

Teacup: Three tiny fleabites to the rim.

Saucer: A tiny hairline, two fleabites and two frits to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 172

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

Jörg 2011/2, p.100, Scene 18

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010629
2010629

Sold Ceramics - Sold Famille Rose wares 1725-1800 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010629

 

Coffee cup

China

1730-1740

 

Height 64 mm (2.52 inch), diameter of rim 55 mm (2.17 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch)

 

Coffee cup with handle on footring. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with two ladies standing in a fenced garden with threes, plants and taihu (garden) rocks, observing a man jumping over a wall. On the rim a trellis pattern border with four reserves filled with flower heads.

 

The scene on this coffee cup illustrates an episode from the famous Xi Xiang Ji by Wang Shifu (c.1250-1300), generally translated as the 'The story of the Western Chamber'. The story goes as follows. The talented but improvised student Zhang Sheng meets the beautiful Cui Yingying while she is staying with her mother and a maid in a monastery. The mother opposes a marriage but, thanks to Hongniang, the maid, a secret affair develops. When the mother detects this, she is furious. The lover is sent to the capital to seek literary success and after a while returns triumphant to claim his bride. Episodes from this story are the source of many of the figural decorations on porcelain of the 17th and 18th centuries. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.158, cat. 172)

 

The scene on this coffee cup illustrates an episode from book four in which Zhang, having read Yingying's answer, rushes to meet her in the garden, supporting himself on a willow branch as he leaps awall. Yingying turns away, angry at his uncouth behaviour. (Jörg 2011/2, p.100, Scene 16

 

This scene is one of the most famous Chinese figural scenes in the West, it was often copied on European Ceramics. (Jörg 2011, p.100)

 

For a similarly in polychrome enamels decorated beaker, please see:

For a similarly in underglaze blue decorated milk jug, please see:

Condition: A tiny firing flaw to the handle.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 1982, fig. 46

Harrisson 1985, cat. 123 & 124

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 56

Jörg 1995, cat. 25

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 240 

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

Schölvinck 2010, pp. 33-36

Jörg 2011/2, Scene 16

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010501
2010501

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Object 2010501

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 106 mm (4.17 inch), diameter of footring 59 mm (2.32 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a lady and a spotted deer standing in a fenced garden with flowering trees, taihu (garden) rocks and flowering plants. A servant is offering a sacred lingzhi to the spotted deer .

 

The figure depicted is Xi Wang Mu, goddess of death and immortality. The mushroom being presented by the servant is a symbol of long life and immortality. The blossoming plum tree stands for youth and new life.

 

Condition: Two tiny hairlines, two frits and a fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 1995, cat. 25

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010989
2010989

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Object 2010989

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1730-1750

 

Height 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 61 mm (2.40 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a lady (teacher) sitting on a low table while leaning on a pile of books watching a little girl (her pupil) play in a fenced garden with taihu rocks and flowering plants. Also on the table a ruyi-sceptre, in the background lingzhi

 

A Ruyi (如意, lit. 'as desired'; as [you] wish) is a curved decorative object that serves as a ceremonial sceptre in Chinese Buddhism or a talisman symbolizing power and good fortune in Chinese folklore. A traditional ruyi has a long S-shaped handle and a head fashioned like a fist, cloud, or lingzhi mushroom. (source: Wikipdia

 

The lingzhi (mushroom) is a symbol of long life and immortality. The blossoming plum tree stands for youth and new life.

 

Condition: A tiny short hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 1995, cat. 25

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

Wikipdia

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010514
2010514

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Object 2010514

 

Teacup

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch)

 

Teacup on footring, spreading sides and rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a woman in a landscape with flowering peony plants, growing from taihu (garden) rocks, watching naughty chicken. On the bottom of a single flower.

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the base.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105.

Jörg 2003/2, p.25, cat. 8.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011195
2011195

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Object 2011195

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1740-1760

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 108 mm (4.25 inch), diameter of footring 64 mm (2.52 inch)

 

Saucer on a footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with a flowering peony tree and a chrysanthemum plant with a pheasant and a butterfly in flight. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: Two fleabites, a frit and a chip with a short connected hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010453
2010453

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Object 2010453

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 16 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of rim 104 mm (4.10 inch), diameter of footring: 61 mm (2.40 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels with flowering prunus and chrysanthemum trees growing from behind a fence and a single butterfly in flight. The reverse is undecorated.

  

Condition: A fleabite, a frit and a hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105.

Jörg 2003/2, p.25, cat. 8.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010431
2010431

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Object 2010431

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1730-1740

  

Height 16 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of rim 96 mm (3.78 inch), diameter of footring 54 mm (2.13 inch), weight 51 grams (1.80 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, straight rim. Decorated in various famille rose enamels, iron-red and gold with a central roundel filled with a 'Long Eliza' in a garden holding a basket filled with flowers. On the sides three scalloped cartouches, filled with a flower spray, reserved on a ground of flower scrolls in gold and iron-red. The reverse is undecorated.

 

In the Netherlands, these slender women engaged in some form of activity in a landscape or on a veranda, were called 'lange lijzen', translated in English as Long Eliza's. The term 'famille rose' was first coined by the 19th-century French author Albert Jacquemart, who distinguished between specific groups in his descriptions of Oriental ceramics. (Jörg 2002/2, p.96), (Jörg 2003/2, p.25)

 

Condition: A tiny firing flaw to the footring.

 

References:

Jacquemart & Le Blant 1862, pp. 77-105

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 61

Jörg 2003/2, cat. 8

 

Price: Sold.

 

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