Pater Gratia Oriental Art

The Ca Mau Shipwreck c.1725 wares

 

The Ca Mau Shipwreck, c.1725

 

The Ca Mau shipwreck was a Chinese ocean going junk, almost certainly en route from Canton (now Kuangzhou) to the Dutch trading port of Batavia (now Jakarta). Disaster struck of the Ca Mau peninsular, there was a fire on board so severe that some of the porcelain was fused together. There were a few wine cups recovered bearing the mark of the Emperor Yongzheng who reigned from 1723 to 1735. By this time tea and coffee was the rage throughout Europe and the principal traders were the British 'Honourable East India Company' and the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC). With the demand for tea came demand for porcelain by which to drink it and so most of what they imported in these year was tea wares.(Amsterdam 2007, pp.8-9)

 

The Ca Mau shipwreck was discovered by fishermen working of the Ca Mau peninsular when their nets snagged on it. When they realised the porcelain was saleable they began dredging up as much as possible. Once the Vietnamese Ministry of Culture and Information realised what was happening they moved in quickly to secure the wreck site. The excavation was lead by the Curator of The National Museum of Vietnamese culture. In all, 130,000 pieces were recovered and 76,000 of the finer condition pieces were selected to be sold as 'Made in Imperial China. 76,000 pieces of Chinese Export Porcelain from the Ca Mau Shipwreck, circa 1725' by Sotheby’s Amsterdam on 29, 30 & 31 January 2007. (Amsterdam 2007, pp.6-7

 

The Ca Mau wreck was first reported on in the daily newspaper Tuoi Tre (Youth) on May the 5th 1998. Accordingly, the authority of Binh Thuan province had confiscated 32,569 artefacts and 2,4 tons of metal objects recovered illegally by two fishermen from a shipwreck off the coast of Ca Mau province. Two experts dated 33,978 artefacts, mainly ceramics, to the Yongzheng reign of the Qing dynasty (1723-1735). Afterward, the recoveries, coded CMI, were handed over to the Binh Thuan Museum. (Amsterdam 2007, p.11)

2011575
2011575

Shipwreck Porcelains - The Ca Mau Shipwreck, c.1725

 

Object 2011575

 

Tea bowl and saucer

 

China

 

c.1725

 

Provenance: Made in Imperial China. 76.000 pieces of Chinese Export Porcelain from the Ca Mau shipwreck, circa 1725 sale, Sotheby's Amsterdam, 29, 30 & 31 January 2007.

 

Height of tea bowl 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 71 mm (2.80 inch), diameter of footring 32 mm (1.26 inch), weight 54 grams (1.90 ounce (oz.)) 

Height of saucer 24 mm (0.94 inch), diameter of rim 119 mm (4.69 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 77 grams (2.72 ounce (oz.)) 

 

Tea bowl and saucer on footring, slightly everted rims. Decorated in underglaze-blue with an island pavilion and distant boats within panelled border of moths and foliage, the rim with trellis borders enclosing flower sprays, the reverse of the saucer with stylised bamboo, the tea bowl is decorated en suiteOn the base of the saucer handwritten in black ink: 'CMI - 19466' and the original Sotheby's - UNICOM, CA MAU - BINH THUAN label with number 17184. On the base of the teacup handwritten in black ink: 'CMI - 13030 and the original Sotheby's - UNICOM, CA MAU - BINH THUAN label with number 28043.(Amsterdam 2007, p.55)

 

The Ca Mau shipwreck was a Chinese ocean-going junk, almost certainly en route from Canton (now Kuangzhou) to the Dutch trading port of Batavia (now Jakarta). Disaster struck of the Ca Mau peninsular, there was a fire on board so severe that some of the porcelain was fused together. There were a few wine cups recovered bearing the mark of the Emperor Yongzheng who reigned from 1723 to 1735. By this time tea and coffee was the rage throughout Europe and the principal traders were the British 'Honourable East India Company' and the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC). With the demand for tea came demand for porcelain by which to drink it and so most of what they imported in these year was tea wares. (Amsterdam 2007, pp.8-9)

 

The Ca Mau shipwreck was discovered by fishermen working of the Ca Mau peninsular when their nets snagged on it. When they realised the porcelain was saleable they began dredging up as much as possible. Once the Vietnamese Ministry of Culture and Information realised what was happening they moved in quickly to secure the wreck site. The excavation was lead by the Curator of The National Museum of Vietnamese culture. Most pieces not only have the Sotheby’s auction label but also the 'CM' reference number of the Vietnamese conservators. In all, 130,000 pieces were recovered and 76,000 of the finer condition pieces were selected to be sold as 'Made in Imperial China. 76,000 pieces of Chinese Export Porcelain from the Ca Mau Shipwreck, circa 1725' by Sotheby’s Amsterdam on 29, 30 & 31 January 2007. (Amsterdam 2007, pp.6-7

 

The Ca Mau wreck was first reported on in the daily newspaper Tuoi Tre (Youth) on May 5th1998. Accordingly, the authority of Binh Thuan province had confiscated 32,569 artefacts and 2,4 tons of metal objects recovered illegally by two fishermen from a shipwreck off the coast of Ca Mau province. Two experts dated 33,978 artefacts, mainly ceramics, to the Yongzheng reign of the Qing dynasty (1723-1735). Afterward, the recoveries, coded CM1, were handed over to the Binh Thuan Museum. (Amsterdam 2007, p.11) 

 

The design on this teacup and saucer is known as the 'Landscape, panel and trellis' pattern. In total 1,650 tea bowls and saucers and 1,220 single saucers, with this design were sold. (Amsterdam 2007, lot 983-1005)

 

Condition:

Saucer: Perfect..

Tea bowl: Firing flaws to the rim and footring.

 

Reference:

Amsterdam 2007, lot 983-1005

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011576
2011576

Shipwreck Porcelains - The Ca Mau Shipwreck, c.1725

 

Object 2011576

 

Tea bowl and saucer

 

China

 

c.1725

 

Provenance: Made in Imperial China. 76.000 pieces of Chinese Export Porcelain from the Ca Mau shipwreck, circa 1725 sale, Sotheby's Amsterdam, 29, 30 & 31 January 2007.

 

Height of tea bowl 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 66 mm (2.60 inch), diameter of footring 29 mm (1.14 inch), weight 36 grams (1.45 ounce (oz.)) 

Height of saucer 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 54 grams (2.15 ounce (oz.)) 

 

Tea bowl and saucer on footring, slightly everted rims. Decorated in underglaze-blue with a pheasant in perched on a rock in a garden landscape staring a another pheasant in flight, the rim with a hatched border.  The tea bowl is decorated en suite. On the base of the saucer handwritten in black ink: 'CM3 - 14160', a rectangular paper label with the handwritten number: '22287/B' (in blue) and '626' (in red) and the original Sotheby's - UNICOM, CA MAU - BINH THUAN label with number 45775. (Amsterdam 2007, p.55)

 

Condition:

Saucer: A firing flaw to the base and two fleabites and a short hairline to the rim.

Tea bowl: Perfect.

 

Reference:

Amsterdam 2007, pp.6-11 & lot 688-77

 

Price: € 399 Currency Converter

 

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2011574
2011574

Shipwreck Porcelains - The Ca Mau Shipwreck, c.1725

 

Object 2011574

 

Saucer

 

China

 

c.1725

 

Provenance: Made in Imperial China. 76.000 pieces of Chinese Export Porcelain from the Ca Mau shipwreck, circa 1725 sale, Sotheby's Amsterdam, 29, 30 & 31 January 2007.

 

Height 16 mm (0.63 inch), diameter of rim 114 mm (4.49 inch), diameter of footring 62 mm (2.44 inch), weight 48 grams (1.69 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, slightly flaring rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a scholar on horseback searching plum blossom, an attendant walking behind with a plum branch in his arms on the rim a cloud scroll pattern border. The reverse is undecorated. On the base handwritten in black ink: 'CM2.6560' and a rectangular paper label with the handwritten number: '139' (in red) and and the original Sotheby's - UNICOM, CA MAU - BINH THUAN label with number 74741 (Amsterdam 2007, pp.70-73)

 

The design on this saucer is known as the "Search for Plum-Blossom" pattern. In total 1,332 teacups and saucers and 1,523 single saucers, with this design were sold. (Amsterdam 2007, lot 183-222)

 

Condition: A firing flaw and a tiny glaze fleabite to the rim.

 

Reference:

Amsterdam 2007, pp.6-11 & lot 183-222

 

Price: € 199 Currency Converter

 

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