Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century 

 

Dishes

 

Page 1

The knowledge and expertise required to make porcelain was already present in Japan as far back as the early 17th century. According to legend a Korean potter discovered clay suitable for making porcelain near Arita on the island of Kyushu in the south of Japan in around 1605. Porcelain made from this clay, called shoki-Imari, was intended for the foreign market and soon acquired a surprisingly characteristic Japanese style of decoration, first with a blue underglaze decoration and later in enamel colours. The experience of the manufacturers with enamel colours turned out to be of great importance later. (source: Groninger Museum, Groningen) 

 

When Japanese potters started to make porcelain. It was inspired by underglaze blue porcelain manufactured in kilns of Southern China. By the mid-17th century, Chinese porcelain went into decline due to social unrest and accompanying dynastic change. Dutch merchants, from their base on the small island of Deshima, near Nagasaki, were permitted to trade with Japan. Responding to European demand, the Dutch encouraged the fledgling Japanese porcelain industry to fill the gap left by China.

 

The porcelain the Dutch brought to Europe in the 17th century was in most cases consciously designed to cater to western tastes. To ensure that they would find a ready market, the Dutch often made wooden or earthenware models of designs and sent those to Japan to be copied. 

 

Flasks, ewers and large dishes are examples for shapes made for the Dutch. They are painted in underglaze blue or a palette of enamels dominated by red, green and blue with flowers, figures and landscapes which would not follow traditional Japanese aesthetics. Vessels with landscape designs are often inspired by 17th century Chinese Transitional style. Plates decorated with designs organized by panels imitate the successful blue-and-white Chinese Kraak ware. To make these export wares even more attractive for the Dutch clients numbers of early Japanese export wares are painted with a stylized tulip, referring to the tulipomania, the great Dutch craze of the 1630s. (source: Keramiek Museum Princessehof, Leeuwarden)

2011207
2011207

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1 

 

Object 2011207

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1660-1680

 

Height 72 mm (2.83 inch), diameter of rim 450 mm (17.71 inch), diameter of footring 215 mm (8.47 inch)

 

Large dish on footring, wide everted rim. On the base four spur-marks in a Y-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue with a flower vase on a terrace, encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim narrow panels filled with tassels in between a diaper or scale pattern. The large panels are filled with flowering plants, Buddhist good-luck symbols (lantern) or Artemisia leaves. The reverse is undecorated. Marked on the base with a shop-mark, underglaze blue.

 

The decoration was copied from Chinese kraak porcelain, although, as usual, it is simplified on such imitations. This style is characteristic of early Japanese export porcelain made for the VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) to replace the well-known Chinese kraak and Transitional wares. (Jörg 2003/1, p.27) The original Chinese kraak design, please see: object 2011235, apparently appealed to Europeans, various imitations, like this Dutch (Delft), please see: object 2011218 and this Japanese dish were made. Jörg shows three different dishes with this design; the original Chinese kraak version, the Japanese and Dutch Delftware imitations. (Jörg 2011/1, pp.98-99)

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

Condition: A restored circular firing flaw and chip with a connected V-shaped hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1972. cat. nr. 4

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 10

Daendels 1981, cat. 4b

Arts 1983, p.38, Plate 9

Jörg, 1983. cat 59

Jörg 1984, cat. 59

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 6

Jörg 2011/1, cat. 18

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011507
2011507

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011507

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1660-1680

 

Height 77 mm (3.03 inch), diameter of rim 357 mm (14.05 inch), diameter of footring 190 mm (7.48 inch), weight 2,063 grams (72.77 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring with a straight rim. On the base five spur-marks in a X-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue with an overall pattern of flower heads with leafy scrolls. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Japanese porcelain trade began on 7 October 1656 when the directors of the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) in Amsterdam decided to ask the High government in Batavia to send an assortment of porcelain to The Netherlands, hoping to profit from what they suspected was a burgeoning market, 'because [we found] that much [was] being brought by many private persons. It was their reaction to several cases of porcelain confiscated from private persons who were apparently able to buy it. The Company succeeded in supplying porcelain to the markets in Asia and The Netherlands for about 20 years. Things changed again in the early 1680's when the Chinese emperor Kangxi (1662-1722) established peace in China. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen were rebuilt and porcelain exports resumed. The Chinese offered new shapes and decorations, there prices were low and junks distributed porcelain throughout south-east Asia and offered it on the open markets, including Batavia. Specific shapes and decorations, including those in Western style could be ordered as desired. Japanese porcelain producers could no longer compete in this new situation and the last VOC shipment for the Netherlands was sent from Deshima in 1683. Inter Asian trade continued, however, and Japanese porcelain was bought for Batavia, Ceylon, Bengal Persia and other destinations until 1757. (Jörg 2003/1, pp.11-12)

 

Dishes like these were made for that inter Asian trade and were not meant for export to the West.

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the rim.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2003/1, pp.11-12

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011234
2011234

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011234

 

Dish

 

Japan, Arita presumably Sarugawa

 

1670-1690

 

Height 38 mm (1.50 inch), diameter of rim 209 mm (8.22 inch), diameter of footring 116 mm (4.57 inch), weight 354 grams (12.49 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat rim. A spur-mark on the base. Decorated in underglaze blue in the style of Chinese kraak porcelain with an insect perched on a rock in a marsh landscape with water, rocks and flowering plants encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. The sides with eight large panels filled with stylised flowers alternating with various auspicious symbols and eight narrow panels filled with a scale or meander pattern and dots. On the reverse, large panels filled with stylised pearls and dots and narrow panels filled with stylised lingzhi.

 

The shape and style of this piece were closely copied from a Chinese kraak porcelain dish. The porcelain is heavier and thicker than kraak porcelain, the blue is darker and the body greyer

 

When the Chinese supply of Oriental porcelain diminished at the end of the 1640s the VOC, (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799), decided to try to substitute it with Japanese wares. Japanese porcelain trade actually began on 7 October 1656 when the directors of the VOC in Amsterdam decided to ask the High Government in Batavia to send an assortment of porcelain to the Netherlands. Dutch officials on Batavia forwarded the request to Deshima (a fan-shaped artificial island in the Bay of Nagasaki) in 1657. Ordering and buying porcelain in Japan was as difficult for the Company as its trade in other commodities. Nevertheless the VOC imported 227,692 pieces into The Netherlands between 1660 and 1684. (Jörg 2003/1, pp.10-12)

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see;

For a similarly decorated Chinese dish please see:

For a similarly decorated Dutch (Delft) dish please see:

 Condition: A wide firing tension hairline to the base.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 6

Daendels 1981, cat. 2b

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 120

Jörg 2003/1, pp.10-12

Kyushu 2003, cat. 805, 1262 & 1263

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010616
2010616

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010616

 

Dish

 

Japan, Arita presumably Sarugawa

 

1670-1690

 

Height 38 mm (1.50 inch), diameter of rim 200 mm (7.87 inch), diameter of footring 105 mm (4.13 inch), weight 353 grams (12.45 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat rim. On the base three spur-marks in a V-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue in the style of Chinese kraak porcelain with an insect perched on a rock in a marsh landscape with water, rocks and flowering plants encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. The sides with eight large panels filled with peach and auspicious symbols and eight narrow panels filled with a scale or zig-zag lines pattern and dots. The reverse with two sprays of flowering branches. On the base a paper label that reads: 'Blue & White (Sometsuke) ca. 1675. Arita (Japan)'.

 

2010616 

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the footring.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010572
2010572

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010572

 

Dish

 

Japan, Arita presumably Sarugawa

 

1670-1690

 

Height 50 mm (1.50 inch), diameter of rim 30 mm (8.47 inch), diameter of footring 160 mm (4.57 inch)

 

Dish on footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. On the base four spur-marks in a Y-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue in a Chinese kraak style with in the centre a decoration of two branches with fruit, one with pomegranates and one with finger-lemon fruit also called 'Buddha's-hand citron'. On the sides and rim large panels filled with stylised peonies and precious objects alternating with narrower panels filled with florets. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The pomegranate and Buddha's Hand citron symbolically represent fertility and happiness, together with the peach (longevity) they are being named 'The three Abundances'. (Arts 1983, p.140)

 

Although the border division copies kraak porcelain, the decoration of the two large branches filling the centre seems to be based on Chinese prototypes of the later Transitional-early Kangxi period. The Japanese potter combined two styles to create a hybrid, fashionable Japanese novelty. Dishes and plates of this design which were apparently popular, were made in different sizes. (Jörg 2003/1, p.28

 

For identically decorated dishes please see;

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 8

Woodward 1974, cat. 26(b)

Jenyns 1979, cat. 16a

Arts 1983, p.140

Hartog 1990, cat. 153

Suchomel 1997, cat. 25

Jörg 1999, cat. 27

Impey 2002, cat. 128

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 8

Kyushu 2003, cat. 2595

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011141
2011141

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011141

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1660-1690

 

Height 43 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of rim 269 mm (8.39 inch), diameter of footring 127 mm (4.25 inch), weight 671 grams (23.67 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring with a flattened rim and a glazed base. On the base four spur-marks in a Y-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue with a flower basket on a fenced terrace filled with a flowering peony plant in a circular cartouche. The sides and rim in kraak style with six wide panels filled with bamboo, peony and prunus, separated from each other by narrow panels in blue. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Dishes with this border design are also known with the VOC initials. They were probably ordered by the High Government from 1668 when it started to require porcelain for Batavia. An armorial decorated dish dated c.1667 has a similar border design and dates the style of the border. (Jörg 2003/1, pp.225-226 & p.230)

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see;

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 22

Woodward 1974, cat. 85

Suchomel 1997, cat. 15

Jörg 2003/1, cat 285, 286 & 291

Antonin & Suebsman 2009, cat. 91

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011950
2011950

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011950

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1670-1680

 

Height 65 mm (2.60 inch), diameter of rim 360 mm (14.17 inch), diameter of footring 168 mm (6.61 inch), weight 1.395 grams (49.21 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat spreading rim. On the base five spur-marks in a X-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering chrysanthemums growing from behind a fence and flowering peonies growing from pierced rockwork enclosed by a double concentric band. The sides and rim in Chinese kraak style with six wide panels filled with bamboo, peony and prunus, separated from each other by narrow panels filled with a floret between scrolls on a blue ground. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The central design on this dish is usually combined with a flowing, typical Japanese karakusa scroll border as can be seen here below in a comparison with object 2011589 (not included in this sale/offer). 

 

 

 20119502011589

 

On object 2011950 the central design is accompanied by a border which is still more closely related to the Chinese kraak panelled border. Therefore, it probably can be dated slightly earlier (1670-80). This rim decoration, which can also be found on some of the  well-known VOC plates and early Japanese armorial ware (Pancras-de Vicq), is rarely seen together with this central scene (London 1997, cat. 12), (Jörg 2003/1, pp.228-226, cat. 285, p.230 cat. 291)

 

For an identically decorated dish, please see;

For dishes with identically central design and karakusa decorated rims, please see;

Condition: Some firing flaws and a fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 253

London 1997, cat. 12

Impey 2002, cat. 129

Jörg 2002/2, cat. 123

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 285 & 291

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011955
2011955

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011955

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1670-1690

 

Height 70 mm (2.76 inch), diameter of rim 392 mm (15.43 inch), diameter of footring 183 mm (7.20 inch), weight 1.697 grams (59.86 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, wide flat rim. On the base a single spur-mark. Decorated in underglaze blue. The central design shows a butterfly and four pheasant, one perched on a rock amongst flowering peonies, one standing on the ground and two two in flight above. The sides and rim, in Chinese kraak style, are divided into wide panels (fuyõ-de) filled with flowering plants alternating with auspicious symbols and separated from each other by narrow panels filled with ornamental tassels. On the reverse two stylised sprays. Marked on the base with the Chokichidani (Arita) ovens mark within a double-lined circle, underglaze blue.

 

This dish presents a simplified version of the type design found on the kraak porselein dishes that were exported in such numbers to the West from China earlier in the century. The Dutch had turned to the Japanese kilns when this trade collapsed, following the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644. It is intriguing to see the liberties taken with these now out-of-date designs. (Ayers, Impey & Mallet 1990, p.101)

 

For a Chinese kraak dish that may have served as an example for the design with Japanese and Dutch (Delft) copies, please see:

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

 

Chokichidani

 

The Chokichidani (Arita) ovens mark within a double-lined circle, underglaze blue.

 

The Chokichidani (Arita) ovens closed somewhere between 1670-1672 so this dish can be considered an early example of the Dutch/Japanese trade.

 

For another example of the Chokichidani (Arita) ovens mark within a double-lined circle in underglaze blue, please see:

For a polychrome decorated dish with the Chokichidani (Arita) ovens mark within a double-lined circle in overglaze red, please see:

Condition: A hairline to the rm.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 4 & 5

Daendels 1981, cat. 20

Arts 1983, Plate 8b & 8c

Ayers, Impey & Mallet 1990, p.101

Kyushu 1990/1, cat. 15

Kyushu 1991, cat. 20

Suchomel 1997, cat. 74

Impey, Jörg & Mason 2009, p.90 & p.193

Jörg 2011/1, cat. 46, 47 & 48

Campen & Eliëns 2014, Fig. 6

  

Price: Sold.

 

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2011330
2011330

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011330

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1660-1690

 

Height 53 mm (2.08 inch), diameter of rim 285 mm (11.22 inch), diameter of footring 134 mm (5.28 inch), weight 850 grams (29.98 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat rim. On the base four spur-marks in a Y-pattern. Decorated in underglaze blue with two hôô birds, one perched on pierced rockwork amongst fruiting peach and camellia, the other in flight above.. The sides and rim in kraak style with six wide panels (fuyõ-de) filled with bamboo, peony and prunus, separated from each other by narrow panels filled with scrolls in blue on blue. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Dishes with this border design are also known with the VOC initials. They were probably ordered by the High Government from 1668 when it started to require porcelain for Batavia. An armorial decorated dish dated c.1667 has a similar border design and dates the style of the border. (Jörg 2003/1, pp.225-226 & p.230), (Antonin & Suebsman 2009, pp.224-225)

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

For other dishes with the same central design but with other sides and rim decorations, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1972, cat. nr 3

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1971, cat. 19

Woodward 1974, cat. 84, 86 & 87

Daendels 1981, cat. 25

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 285, 286 & 291

Kyushu 2003, cat. 2495

Antonin & Suebsman 2009, cat. 91

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2012005
2012005

Sold Ceramics - Sold Japanese Blue and White wares 17th Century - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2012005

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1670-1690

 

Height 62 mm (2.76 inch), diameter of rim 315 mm (15.43 inch), diameter of footring 147 mm (7.20 inch), weight 1.002 grams (35.35 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring. Wide everted rim. On the base two spur-marks. Decorated in underglaze blue in Chinese kraak style with the ducks-in-a-pond motif. The sides and rim are divided into wide panels (fuyõ-de) filled with flowering plants alternating with auspicious symbols and separated from each other by narrow panels filled with ornamental tassels. The scheme of the reverse repeats that of the front large panels filled with a dot within a larger circle alternate with narrow panels with stylised lingzhi. Marked on the base with a square fuku (good luck) mark in running script, underglaze blue.

 

This dish presents a simplified version of the type design found on the kraak porselein dishes that were exported in such numbers to the West from China earlier in the century. The Dutch had turned to the Japanese kilns when this trade collapsed, following the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644. It is intriguing to see the liberties taken with these now out-of-date designs. (Ayers, Impey & Mallet 1990, p.101)

 

For a similarly decorated dish, please see;

For a Chinese kraak dish that may have served as an example for the design, please see:

 

 

 

A square fuku (good luck) mark in running script, The mark was copied by the Japanese potters from Chinese porcelains of the late Ming period. (Impey, Jörg & Mason 2009, pp.74-75)

 

For other identical examples of the fuku (good luck) base mark in underglaze blue, please see:

Condition: Two chips and various restored (re-stuck) pieces to the rim.

 

References:

Daendels 1981, cat. 3

Arts 1983, Plate 8b & 8c

Kyushu 1991, cat. 16

Impey, Jörg & Mason 2009, pp.74-75, Fig. 23 & p.193

  

Price: Sold.