Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722

 

Vases

 

Page 1

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

201086
201086

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 201086

 

Vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 130 mm (5.12 inch), diameter 53 mm (2.09 inch), diameter of mouthrim 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of footring 40 mm (1.57 inch), weight 157 grams (5.54 ounce (oz.))

 

Six sided vase on footing. Rim unglazed inside for cover, now missing. Decorated in underglaze blue, so-called, criss-cross hatching lines technique, on all six sides, neck and foot, with leafy branches and leaves, Around the neck and rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: Artemisia leaf, underglaze blue.

 

These criss-cross lines are not a Chinese way of painting on porcelain and may have been influenced by the Dutch. This technique was short-lived for it mostly occurs on blue-and-white export wares around 1700. It occurs on teacups and saucers, beakers and small jars with covers, garnitures and other items. The style was short lived, disappearing in the early 18th century. (Jörg & Flecker 2001, pp. 68-69)

 

For a similarly shaped and decorated vase, please see

Condition: Some tiny shallow frits to the footring and mouthrim.

 

References:

Jansen 1976, cat. 242

Jörg & Flecker 2001, fig 55-58

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011481
2011481

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2011481

 

Small baluster vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 93 mm (3.66 inch), diameter 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of mouthrim 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of footring 27 mm (1.06 inch), weight 55 grams (1.94 ounce (oz.))

 

Small hexagonal baluster shaped vase on hexagonal foot. Decorated in underglaze blue with three facets filled with a ´Long Eliza´ figure alternating with flowering peony and chrysanthemum plants. Round the mouthrim a single flower head pattern border. The three "Long Eliza" figures stand above one of the ´Eight Buddhist Emblems´ namely: Shell (luo), emblem of good omen, symbol of luck. and two of the ´Eight Precious Objects´ namely; Picture (jing), which is considered to be a bronze mirror from ancient times and Pearl (zhu), emblem of the omen of happiness, often pursued by dragons. On the base the Chinese character '怡', (meaning, harmony, pleasure, joy or be glad), most likely indicating the name of the shop making the object. (Pinto de Matos 1996, pp.273-280)

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, holding a flower. In Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became ´Long Eliza´ in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: Various glaze rough spots to edges and corners.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91

Pinto de Matos 1996, pp.273-280

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2010569 and 2012067
2010569 and 2012067

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Objects 2010569 and 2012067

 

Two bottle vases

 

China

 

c.1700

 

2010569: height 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter 51 mm (2.01 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring 23 mm (0.91 inch), weight 63 grams (2.22 ounce (oz.))

 

2012067: height 79 mm (3.11 inch), diameter 52 mm (2.05 inch), diameter of mouthrim 9 mm (0.35 inch), diameter of footring 21 mm (0.83 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Two bottle vases on footrings, compressed globular bodies surmounted by tall narrow cylindrical necks. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird in flight below sprays of plum blossom, round the foot a band of ascending lotus petals in low relief.

 

For a similarly decorated, bottle vases, please see:

Conditions:

2010569: A tiny (restored) frit to the rim, a frit to the inner footring and some spots on the body caused by popped bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

2012067: A firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

Price: € 499 - $ 535 - £ 420

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010260
2010260

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010260

 

Bottle vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 84 mm (3.30 inch), diameter 56 mm (2.21 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring 25 mm (0.98 inch), weight 67 grams (2.36 ounce (oz.))

 

Bottle vase on footring, compressed globular body surmounted by a tall narrow cylindrical neck. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird in flight below sprays of plum blossom, round the foot a band of ascending lotus petals in low relief.

 

For similarly decorated bottle vase, please see:

Condition: A frit and fleabite to the rim and some glaze frits and spots on the waist caused by popped bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

 

Price: € 299 - $ 322 - £ 259

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010984
2010984

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010984

 

A miniature "doll's house" vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter 28 mm (0.87 inch), diameter of mouthrim 15 mm (0.59 inch), diameter of footring 12 mm (0.47 inch), weight 16 grams (0.56 ounce (oz.))

 

Miniature "doll's house" vase on a footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants and insects in flight.

 

It was a popular pastime for the ladies of the Dutch patrician society to furnish doll's houses, whose various rooms reflected those of their own town palaces. Apart from the usual furniture, miniature versions of exotic luxury goods such as porcelain, fabrics, carpets and lacquer were obligatory. The doll's house of Petronella Oortman, now in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, and that of Lita de Ranitz in the Historical Museum of the Hague are considered to be the most prominent examples. The Chinese had produced miniature ceramics for almost one thousand years for the decoration of birdcages, therefore it was no problem for them to supply the Dutch with doll's house porcelain. Miniature pieces were also displayed in ordinary porcelain rooms in cupboards and on brackets along the wall. (Suebsman 2019, p.76)

 

Condition: Some very tiny popped blubbles of glaze, caused by the firing process, to the rim.

 

Reference:

Suebsman 2019, p.76 

 

Price: € 199 - $ 220 - £ 168

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010664
2010664

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010664

 

Small vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 98 mm (3.86 inch), diameter 50 mm (1.97 inch), diameter of mouthrim 13 mm (0.51 inch), diameter of footring 23 mm (0.91 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Small, pear-shaped, vase on a footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants growing from rockwork with a single butterfly in flight. Round the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. The vase stands crooked due to the firing process.

 

The decoration on this small vase is similar to that seen on smaller so called ´doll's house vases´ of identical shape that were made during this same period. This particular small vase however is to large to be classified as a ´doll's house vase´.

 

Condition: Firing flaws to the base, belly and rim. Some shallow glaze fleabites to the mouthrim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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2011078
2011078

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2011078

 

Small vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 102 mm (4.01 inch), diameter 48 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring: 20 mm (0.78 inch), weight 78 grams (2.75 ounce (oz.))

 

Small, pear-shaped, vase on footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants growing from taihu (garden) rock and a single insect in flight. Round the waist a zig-zag lines-pattern border on the neck two flower sprays.

 

The decoration on this small vase is similar to that seen on smaller so called 'doll's house vases' of identical shape that were made during this same period. This particular small vase is however too large to be classified as a 'doll's house vase'.

 

Condition: A chip to the rim and a firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

Price: Sold.

 

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