Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722

 

Vases

 

Page 1

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2011940
2011940

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2011940

 

Vase

 

China 

 

c.1700

 

Height 124 mm (4.88 inch), diameter 41 mm (1.61 inch), diameter of mouthrim 26 mm (1.02 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 118 grams (4.16 ounce (oz.)), 

 

Cylindrical vase on a footring, the short neck flaring outward at the top with an upturned edge. Decorated in underglaze blue with two baskets, each on a low table, one with a ruyi-sceptre the other with a precious object, in between the baskets a precious object. On the flat shoulder two precious objects. Marked on the base with the single character mark: Yu, (Jade (Yuan to Qing)), in underglaze blue.

 

Ruyi (如意, lit. 'as desired'; as [you] wish) is a curved decorative object that serves as a ceremonial sceptre in Chinese Buddhissm or a talisman symbolizing power and good fortune in Chinese folklore. A traditional ruyi has a long S-shaped handle and a head fashioned like a fist, cloud, or lingzhi mushroom. (source: Wikipdia

 

The Yu, 'jade', character mark is traditionally called the F-mark in the Netherlands and is very common on good-quality blue and white Kangxi export porcelain. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.115)

 

Vases of this shape first appeared in the 1680s and were among the characteristic wares of the Kangxi period, but their production later gradually waned. Porcelain objects of smaller dimensions represented an important segment of imported goods, because they served in Europe as supplementary ornaments of aristocratic interiors. (Suchomel 2015, p.183, cat. 66)

 

For similarly shaped or decorated vases, please see:

Condition: A firing flaw and some tiny fleabites to the footring.

 

References:

Jansen 1976, cat. 241

Hartog 1990, cat. 81

Davison 1994, cat. 33

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 116

Suchomel 2015, cat. 66

 

Price: € 699 - $ 785 - £ 610

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010479
2010479

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010479

 

Vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 140 mm (5.12 inch), diameter 70 mm (2.76 inch), diameter of mouthrim 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of footring 50 mm (1.97 inch),weight 263 grams (9.28 ounce (oz.))

 

Large oviform vase on a footring, splayed foot, deep base, a flat knob between the foot and the elongated ovoid body with an upright neck. Rim unglazed inside for cover, now missing. Decorated in underglaze blue with, so-called, hatching lines technique with on the foot leaves, on the body three lotus-petal panels filled with leafy branches. Around the neck also a scroll of single leaves.

 

These criss-cross hatching lines are not a Chinese way of painting on porcelain and may have been influenced by the Dutch. This technique was short-lived for it mostly occurs on blue-and-white export wares around 1700. It occurs on teacups and saucers, beakers and small jars with covers, garnitures and other items. The style was short lived, disappearing in the early 18th century. (Jörg & Flecker 2001, pp.68-69)

 

Condition: A glaze frit and chip to the flat knob between the foot and the elongated ovoid body.

 

References: 

Jansen 1976, cat. 242

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 117 

Jörg & Flecker 2001, cat. 55-58

 

Price: € 599 - $ 673 - £ 523

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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201086
201086

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 201086

 

Vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 130 mm (5.12 inch), diameter 53 mm (2.09 inch), diameter of mouthrim 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of footring 40 mm (1.57 inch), weight 157 grams (5.54 ounce (oz.))

 

Six sided vase on footing. Rim unglazed inside for cover, now missing. Decorated in underglaze blue, so-called, criss-cross hatching lines technique, on all six sides, neck and foot, with leafy branches and leaves, Around the neck and rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: Artemisia leaf, underglaze blue.

 

These criss-cross lines are not a Chinese way of painting on porcelain and may have been influenced by the Dutch. This technique was short-lived for it mostly occurs on blue-and-white export wares around 1700. It occurs on teacups and saucers, beakers and small jars with covers, garnitures and other items. The style was short lived, disappearing in the early 18th century. (Jörg & Flecker 2001, pp. 68-69)

 

For a similarly shaped and decorated vase, please see

Condition: Some tiny shallow frits to the footring and mouthrim.

 

References:

Jansen 1976, cat. 242

Jörg & Flecker 2001, fig 55-58

 

Price: € 599 - $ 673 - £ 523

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011481
2011481

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2011481

 

Small baluster vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 93 mm (3.66 inch), diameter 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of mouthrim 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of footring 27 mm (1.06 inch), weight 55 grams (1.94 ounce (oz.))

 

Small hexagonal baluster shaped vase on hexagonal foot. Decorated in underglaze blue with three facets filled with a ´Long Eliza´ figure alternating with flowering peony and chrysanthemum plants. Round the mouthrim a single flower head pattern border. The three "Long Eliza" figures stand above one of the ´Eight Buddhist Emblems´ namely: Shell (luo), emblem of good omen, symbol of luck. and two of the ´Eight Precious Objects´ namely; Picture (jing), which is considered to be a bronze mirror from ancient times and Pearl (zhu), emblem of the omen of happiness, often pursued by dragons. On the base the Chinese character '怡', (meaning, harmony, pleasure, joy or be glad), most likely indicating the name of the shop making the object. (Pinto de Matos 1996, pp.273-280)

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, holding a flower. In Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became ´Long Eliza´ in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: Various glaze rough spots to edges and corners.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91

Pinto de Matos 1996, pp.273-280

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010569 and 2012067
2010569 and 2012067

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Objects 2010569 and 2012067

 

Two bottle vases

 

China

 

c.1700

 

2010569: height 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter 51 mm (2.01 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring 23 mm (0.91 inch), weight 63 grams (2.22 ounce (oz.))

 

2012067: height 79 mm (3.11 inch), diameter 52 mm (2.05 inch), diameter of mouthrim 9 mm (0.35 inch), diameter of footring 21 mm (0.83 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Two bottle vases on footrings, compressed globular bodies surmounted by tall narrow cylindrical necks. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird in flight below sprays of plum blossom, round the foot a band of ascending lotus petals in low relief.

 

For a similarly decorated, bottle vases, please see:

Conditions:

2010569: A tiny (restored) frit to the rim, a frit to the inner footring and some spots on the body caused by popping bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

2012067: A firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

Price: € 499 - $ 535 - £ 420

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010260
2010260

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010260

 

Bottle vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 84 mm (3.30 inch), diameter 56 mm (2.21 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring 25 mm (0.98 inch), weight 67 grams (2.36 ounce (oz.))

 

Bottle vase on footring, compressed globular body surmounted by a tall narrow cylindrical neck. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird in flight below sprays of plum blossom, round the foot a band of ascending lotus petals in low relief.

 

For similarly decorated bottle vase, please see:

Condition: A frit and fleabite to the rim and some glaze frits and spots on the waist caused by popped bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

 

Price: € 299 - $ 322 - £ 259

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011115
2011115

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2011115

 

Small vase

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 96 mm (3.79 inch), diameter 34 mm (1.34 inch), diameter of mouthrim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 29 mm (1.14 inch), weight 75 grams (2.65 ounce (oz.))

 

A small vase with a splayed foot, a quatrefoil body and a neck with an everted mouth. Two dragon shaped handles. Decorated in underglaze blue around the foot with a zig-zag lines pattern border. On the body, in between two moulded pointed leaves pattern borders, four panels filled with flowering plants. on the neck two sprays of flowering branches and around the rim a zig-zag lines patttern border. The underglaze blue handles are shaped in the form of two dragons. On the base an old collectors number that reads: "37". The vase stands crooked due to the firing process.

 

For an identically decorated small vase, please see;

Condition: On the body a popped bubble of glaze, caused during the firing process and a glaze rough spot. A restored frit to the rim.

 

Reference:

Staatliche Schlöser und Gärten 1998, Kat. Nr. 82

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on their exchange rate to the € price)

 

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2010664
2010664

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010664

 

Small vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 98 mm (3.86 inch), diameter 50 mm (1.97 inch), diameter of mouthrim 13 mm (0.51 inch), diameter of footring 23 mm (0.91 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Small, pear-shaped, vase on a footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants growing from rockwork with a single butterfly in flight. Round the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. The vase stands crooked due to the firing process.

 

The decoration on this small vase is similar to that seen on smaller so called ´doll's house vases´ of identical shape that were made during this same period. This particular small vase however is to large to be classified as a ´doll's house vase´.

 

Condition: Firing flaws to the base, belly and rim. Some shallow glaze fleabites to the mouthrim.

 

Price: € 249 - $ 279 - £ 217

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010265
2010265

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010265

 

Baluster vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height including cover 146 mm (5.75 inch), diameter 72 mm (2.83 inch), diameter of mouthrim 22 mm (0.87 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch), weight with cover 191 grams (6.74 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 5 grams (0.18 ounce (oz.))

 

Baluster vase on footring. Dutch silver mounts (marked) on the neck engraved with an anchor within a heart. On top of the cover engraved with '1926'. Decorated in underglaze blue, with a squirrel climbing through branches of vine. The silver marks explained: The sword mark was used (1814-1905) as the standard mark on articles too small for the full hallmarking. What the letters CAZ stand for is unknown.

 

For similarly shaped and decorated vases, please see:

Condition: An unglazed part to the outer footring, one tiny frit and a tiny chip to the underside of the footring and two firing flaws to the inner footring.

 

Reference:

Suchomel 2015, cat.109

 

Price: € 399 - $ 448 - £ 348 

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010526
2010526

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010526

 

Vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter 31 mm (1.22 inch), diameter mouthrim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch), weight 51 grams (1.80 ounce (oz.))

 

Small, cylindrical shaped vase on footring with a short neck and a spreading rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants growing from rocks and flying insects. On the shoulder a zig-zag lines pattern border and around the neck a lotus leaves pattern border.

  

Condition: Perfect.

 

Price: € 249 - $ 279 - £ 217

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011078
2011078

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2011078

 

Small vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 102 mm (4.01 inch), diameter 48 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring: 20 mm (0.78 inch), weight 78 grams (2.75 ounce (oz.))

 

Small, pear-shaped, vase on footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants growing from taihu (garden) rock and a single insect in flight. Round the waist a zig-zag lines-pattern border on the neck two flower sprays.

 

The decoration on this small vase is similar to that seen on smaller so called 'doll's house vases' of identical shape that were made during this same period. This particular small vase is however too large to be classified as a 'doll's house vase'.

 

Condition: A chip to the rim and a firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

Price: € 199 - $ 223 - £ 173

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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