Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722

 

Vases

 

Page 1

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2010569 and 2012067
2010569 and 2012067

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Objects 2010569 and 2012067

 

Two bottle vases

 

China

 

c.1700

 

2010569: height 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter 51 mm (2.01 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring 23 mm (0.91 inch), weight 63 grams (2.22 ounce (oz.))

 

2012067: height 79 mm (3.11 inch), diameter 52 mm (2.05 inch), diameter of mouthrim 9 mm (0.35 inch), diameter of footring 21 mm (0.83 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Two bottle vases on footrings, compressed globular bodies surmounted by tall narrow cylindrical necks. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird in flight below sprays of plum blossom, round the foot a band of ascending lotus petals in low relief.

 

For a similarly decorated, bottle vases, please see:

Conditions:

2010569: A tiny (restored) frit to the rim, a frit to the inner footring and some spots on the body caused by popped bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

2012067: A firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

Reference:

SKD Online collection.

 

Price: € 499 - $ 535 - £ 420

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2012024
2012024

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2012024

 

A miniature "doll's house" vase

 

China

  

c.1700

 

Height 41 mm (1.61 inch), diameter 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of mouthrim 10 mm (0.39 inch), diameter of footring 11 mm (0.43 inch), weight 11 grams (0.39 ounce (oz.))

 

Miniature "doll's house" vase on footring. Decorated in underglaze blue. On all four sides decorated with: a lady holding a fan, a seated lady and twice a walking man carrying a fishing rod. On the shoulder and neck a zig-zag lines pattern border with two flowering branches, around the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border.

 

It was a popular pastime for the ladies of the Dutch patrician society to furnish doll's houses, whose various rooms reflected those of their own town palaces. Apart from the usual furniture, miniature versions of exotic luxury goods such as porcelain, fabrics, carpets and lacquer were obligatory. The doll's house of Petronella Oortman, now in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, and that of Lita de Ranitz in the Historical Museum of the Hague are considered to be the most prominent examples. The Chinese had produced miniature ceramics for almost one thousand years for the decoration of birdcages, therefore it was no problem for them to supply the Dutch with doll's house porcelain. Miniature pieces were also displayed in ordinary porcelain rooms in cupboards and on brackets along the wall. (Suebsman 2019, p.76)

 

For an identically shaped, sized and decorated miniature doll's house vase please see:

For identically shaped, sized and similarly decorated soft-paste or steatitic porcelain (pâte tendre) miniature doll's house vases please see:

Condition: Three shallow fleabites to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Flecker 2001, pp.50-51

Suebsman 2019, p.76

 

Price: € 199 - $ 225 - £ 167

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010984
2010984

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Vases - Page 1

 

Object 2010984

 

A miniature "doll's house" vase

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter 28 mm (0.87 inch), diameter of mouthrim 15 mm (0.59 inch), diameter of footring 12 mm (0.47 inch), weight 16 grams (0.56 ounce (oz.))

 

Miniature "doll's house" vase on a footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering plants and insects in flight.

 

It was a popular pastime for the ladies of the Dutch patrician society to furnish doll's houses, whose various rooms reflected those of their own town palaces. Apart from the usual furniture, miniature versions of exotic luxury goods such as porcelain, fabrics, carpets and lacquer were obligatory. The doll's house of Petronella Oortman, now in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, and that of Lita de Ranitz in the Historical Museum of the Hague are considered to be the most prominent examples. The Chinese had produced miniature ceramics for almost one thousand years for the decoration of birdcages, therefore it was no problem for them to supply the Dutch with doll's house porcelain. Miniature pieces were also displayed in ordinary porcelain rooms in cupboards and on brackets along the wall. (Suebsman 2019, p.76)

 

Condition: Some very tiny popped blubbles of glaze, caused by the firing process, to the rim.

 

Reference:

Suebsman 2019, p.76 

 

Price: € 199 - $ 220 - £ 168

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>