Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645

 

Dishes

 

Page 1

Dutch merchants arrived in Asia towards the end of the 16th century. The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799), was founded in 1602, competed fiercely with the Portuguese as traders. Porcelain from captured Portuguese vessels (caraccas) was called kraak porcelain, a Dutch corruption of the Portuguese word. It was made especially for export in Jingdezhen, the porcelain centre in Jiangxi Province. The VOC shipped it in huge quantities and soon it was a commonplace item in Dutch interiors.

 

Kraak porcelain was primarily bought for practical use but pieces also had decorative functions. The paintings, done in underglaze blue only, show landscapes and animals, rarely human figures, making this porcelain suitable for Islamic markets, too. Buddhist and Daoist good luck symbols make up the paneled border decorations. Plates and dishes were moulded. They are thin, usually rather quickly finished and often have kiln grit adhering to the underside. The glaze on the edge is often retracted. Apart from large dishes, the bases of other objects are glazed, and the V-shaped footring is slightly undercut. Initially, the panels on kraak porcelain were raised, but this feature disappeared at the end of this period.

 

Following Rinaldi in her book 'Kraak Porcelain. A moment in the History of Trade.' Kraak porcelain wares have, if available, been classified into four groups:

  • Dishes
  • Klapmutsen
  • Bowls
  • Closed Forms

In turn these groups have been subdivided according to specific characteristics.

Dishes are the most representative of all Kraak shapes. There are several Kraak characteristics which could be taken into account for a classification of these dishes, but it is evident that the most distinctive feature is the border which, with one exception (Border II), always covers both cavetto and rim. The distinct border patterns found on Kraak dishes lend themselves to a classification of nine border groups.

 

Border I (c.1570-1625) and Border II (c.1565-1600) II

  • represent a transition in which decorative styles and space arrangements, which were popular during the Jiajing period, continued to be used on a body which now fully complies with Kraak characteristics.

Border III (c.1580-1610)

 

Border IV (c.1575-1605)

 

Border V (c.1575-1615)

 

Borders I to V are generally assigned to the second half of the sixteenth century. As they are often present in Dutch collections, it is likely that some of these styles were still produced in the early years of the seventeenth century.

 

Border VI (c.1575-1605)

  • shows the transition between sixteenth- and seventeenth-century styles.

Border VII.1 (c.1595-1610), Border VII.2 (c.1610-1630) and Border VII.3 (c.1630-1650),

  • were produced in large quantities during the first half of the seventeenth century. Since specimens were recovered from both the Witte Leeuw (1613) and the Hatcher Cargo (1640-1645) and represent a thirty year spread, the noticeable evolution in style is embodied in three subgroups (1, 2 & 3).

Border VIII (c.1595-1645)

  • was also produced in great numbers over a long period of time, but the decoration remained almost unchanged for several decades.

 Border IX (c.1635-1650)

  • shows the blending of typical kraak and Transitional styles.

(source: Rinaldi 1989, pp.72-117)

2011867
2011867

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011867

 

Dish

 

China

 

1565-1600

 

Height 32 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of rim 202 mm (7.95 inch), diameter of footring 107 mm (4.21 inch), weight 337 grams (11.89 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Kiln sand adhering to the base and footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with two spotted deer in a landscape surrounded by foliage, rocks, birds, plants and a tree encircled by a double band. The interior rim is decorated with ducks among water plants. The exterior rim is even more unusual. Under the rim are two groups, each with prunus branches and a bird perched on one of the branches, which combine two well-known underside motifs: the prunus branches, and the bird on bifurcated branches.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a Border II (c.1565-1600), type b, dish. Border II dishes are usually small, from 14 to 22 cm. This is the only border in which the cavetto and the rim are not decorated as a unit. Another peculiarity of this border is that it does not have moulded designs. The cavetto is white and two interchangeable motifs are commonly found on the flat foliated rim. The centre medallion is frequently decorated with a deer and sometimes with a pagoda motif. The underside is decorated on the wall with a bird on bifurcating branches, while there are delicate prunus sprays under the rim. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.76-80

 

In these Border II, type b, dishes, the deer are surrounded by foliage, rocks, birds and a peculiar round shape with ragged edges  and a cross section in the centre. In the beginning this may have represented rocks but, through formality and stylization, this motif may have degenerated into a feature with a completely different meaning: the Wheel of Law. it represents Buddha's first sermon in the deer Park at Sarnath. This hypothesis is sustained by the exclusive use of the motif in conjunction with deer decoration on dishes and bowls. The deer is commonly believed to represent the Daoist symbol of long life but this would not have discouraged the open-minded Chinese potter from giving it a dual symbolism. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.79

 

The central decoration of two deer in a landscape refers to the belief that only deer were capable of finding the divine mushroom of immortality. It fits seamlessly into the popular Chinese iconography of that period, in which a long life is central. (Campen & Eliëns 2014, p.56)  

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

For identically decorated dishes found in a cesspit of in use between 1600 and 1625 of a building on the Oudezijds Voorburgwal in Amsterdam, please see:

Condition: A shallow chip and a restored chip with a connected hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Rinaldi 1989, Pl.53 & 54

Campen & Eliëns 2014, p.53, Fig.1 & p.56 

Krahe 2016, cat. 104

 

Price: € 399 - $ 445 - £ 343

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010C153
2010C153

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010C153

 

Saucer

China

1575-1615

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 140 mm (5.51 inch), diameter of footring 79 mm (3.11 inch), weight 98 grams (3.46 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Some kiln sand adhering to the footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with a butterfly and a cricket on a rock and a flowering chrysanthemum encircled by a single, concentric band. On the sides and rim wide panels filled with peaches or camellia alternate with narrow panels with beaded pendants. The reverse has a similar decorative scheme, the wide panels are filled with symbols or jewels and the narrow with elongated lingzhi.

 

According to Rinaldi this saucer can be classified as a Border V saucer. Border V is characterized by large segments separated by narrow ones. The decoration is less crowded than on other groups. Each large section usually contains a dainty floral or fruit spray or insects, and allows plenty of undecorated space around the design. In the narrow sections there are only dots or a thinly-drawn knotted ribbon. The underside, following the inside pattern, is divided into large sections with symbols or jewels and narrow segments with lingzhi. These dishes are usually of small size, between 200 mm (7.87 inch) and 220 mm (8.66 inch) in diameter. There are also saucers of about 140 mm (5.51 inch) which, rather unusually, have a flat rim. These small dishes/saucers were found in some quantities in the cargo of the wreck of Dutch East India Company (VOC) vessel the Witte Leeuw (1613) but are not otherwise very common. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.88-89)

 

From the 8th century the cricket was used on markets in China in cricket-fights. In this way the cricket became a symbol of courage. This creature also symbolizes summer, The latter meaning seems to be the most suitable, because of the presence of the butterfly. If however, here a cicada (Latin for grasshopper) is depicted instead of a cricket the picture has a quite different meaning as the cicada symbolizes happiness and eternal youth. (Hartog 1990, p.38)

 

For similarly decorated saucers, please see:

Condition: Firing flaws to the rim, the base and the exterior wall, this last firing flaw with a short connected, firing, glaze hairline (only visible on the reverse side). Two tiny spots on the rim caused by plopping bubbles of glaze during the firing process.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1981, cat. 73

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp.81-82

Rinaldi 1989, pp.88-91

Hartog 1990, cat. 6

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, Serial No. 2491

 

Price: € 999 - $ 1,114 - £ 860

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011423
2011423

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011423

 

Saucer

China

1575-1615

 

Height 30 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 140 mm (5.51 inch), diameter of footring 74 mm (3.11 inch), weight 88 grams (3.10 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Some kiln sand adhering to the footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird perched on a rock in a marshy landscape with flowering plants encircled by a single, concentric band. On the sides and rim a moulded pattern of eight broad panels filled with peaches and camellia separated by eight narrow panels with beaded pendants. The reverse has a similar decorative scheme, the broad panels are filled with symbols or jewels and the narrow with elongated lingzhi.

 

According to Rinaldi this saucer can be classified as a Border V saucer. Border V is characterized by large segments separated by narrow ones. The decoration is less crowded than on other groups. Each large section usually contains a dainty floral or fruit spray or insects, and allows plenty of undecorated space around the design. In the narrow sections there are only dots or a thinly-drawn knotted ribbon. The underside, following the inside pattern, is divided into large sections with symbols or jewels and narrow segments with lingzhi. These dishes are usually of small size, between 200 mm (7.87 inch) and 220 mm (8.66 inch) in diameter. There are also saucers of about 140 mm (5.51 inch) which, rather unusually, have a flat rim. These small dishes/saucers were found in some quantities in the cargo of the wreck of Dutch East India Company (VOC) vessel the Witte Leeuw (1613) but are not otherwise very common. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.88-89)

 

Similarly sized saucers (140 mm (5.51 inch)) were excavated from the wreck of the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) vessel the Witte Leeuw (1613), its cargo, properly excavated and documented, included many pieces of kraak porcelain in a wealth of varieties. Until around 1650 tens of thousands of pieces of kraak porcelain were imported into the Netherlands, each year, so it is no wonder that even today it can sometimes be seen in Dutch houses as part of the interior decoration, thus continuing a tradition which started in the early 17th century. Saucers like this would have been used to serve strawberries, cherries or other fruits. In some Dutch families these saucers are still being used for this purpose on special occasions. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.55)

  

For similarly decorated saucers, please see:

Condition: A firing flaw to the reverse. A hairline to the wall and four tiny shallow frits the rim

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1981, cat. 73

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp.81-82

Rinaldi 1989, pp.88-91

Hartog 1990, p.38, cat. 6

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.55

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, Serial No. 4974

 

Price: € 999 - $ 1,114 - £ 860

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011235
2011235

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011235

 

Dish

 

China

 

1610-1630

 

Height 66 mm (2.60 inch), diameter of rim 372 mm (14.65 inch), diameter of footring 190 mm (7.48 inch), weight 1.292 grams (45.57 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a flower basket on a terrace with protruding roots growing from the base of the flower basket. The flower basket is filled with a book scroll and flowering peony and peach encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the rim and sides large panels filled with peaches and auspicious symbols alternate with narrow panels with tassels. On the reverse large panels filled with stylised pearls and dots alternate with narrow panels with stylised lingzhi.

 

According to Rinaldi his dish can be classified as a Border VII.2 dish. The large panels on the border are no longer filled with floral sprays or insects and the peach has begun its transformation into what is known as the sunflower motif. Auspicious symbols replace floral sprays and insects, most of them concerned with longevity. For the centre decoration a new motif appears: a bird on a rock near water and large flowers, usually peonies. The reverse decoration repeats that of the front. Large ogival or round panels contain fungus and dots, the narrow sections contain stylised lingzhi motifs. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.100-105)

 

By placing the flower basket inside a garden fence, the decorator suggests a feeling of inner peace. The flower basket represents Lan Cai He, one of the Eight Immortals, patron Saint of gardeners and florists. The motif with the protruding roots mostly occurs in (very) large kraak plates. (Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007)

 

This original Chinese kraak design apparently appealed to Europeans, various imitations like Dutch (Delft) and Japanese dishes were made. Jörg shows four different dishes with this particular design; the original Chinese kraak version, the Japanese and two Dutch Delftware imitations. (Jörg 2011/1, pp. 96-103)

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see;

Condition: A firing flaw to the exterior wall, three chips, two frits, two hairlines and some shallow glaze rough spots to the rim.

 

References:

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp. 270-283

Rinaldi 1989, Pl.96

Kassel 1990, cat. 11

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, Serial No. 4136d, 4580, 5097a, 5097c & 5097b

Jörg 2011/1, cat.17

 

Price: € 1.499 - $ 1,593 - £ 1,270

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011916
2011916

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011916

 

Dish

 

China

 

1610-1630

 

Height 58 mm (2.28 inch), diameter 290 mm (11.42 inch), diameter of footring 145 mm (5.71 inch), weight 774 grams (27.20 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with the ducks-in-a-pond motif, encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim large panels filled with the sunflower motif and symbols alternating with narrow panels with a diaper or scale pattern and tassels. The scheme of the reverse repeats that of the front large panels filled with a dot within a larger circle alternate with narrow panels with stylised lingzhi.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a Border VII.2 dish. Here the large panels on the border are no longer filled with floral sprays or insects, while the peach has begun its transformation into what is known as the sunflower motif. Auspicious symbols replace floral sprays and insects, most of them concerned with longevity, as if to ward off the dangers of wars and famines which swept over China at that time. These symbols are usually Daoist or the Eight treasures. Buddhist symbols are much rarer. In this group narrow panels are partly filled with diaper motifs. In the centre Medallion the ducks in a pond and the hanging basket are still very common. In this group a new motif appears: a bird on a rock near water and large flowers, usually peonies. The scheme of the underside repeats that of the front. Large ogival or round panels contain fungus and dots; narrow sections contain stylised lingzhi motifs. In this group narrow panels are partly filled with diaper motifs while there are a few dishes which do not have a diaper border around the central medallion. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.100-105)

 

A design of a wild duck at a lotus pond signifies blessings for a fruitful marriage, since a marriage proposal was made by a man sending a duck to the woman's family as a present. Acceptance of the duck meant acceptance of the proposal. The lotus, shown in different stages of growth, symbolizes purity and abundant offspring by recalling the common phrase "from the lotus comes noble offspring". (Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, p.288, Serial No. 5095

 

For similarly decorated dishes with the ducks-in-a-pond motif, please see:

Condition: Two firing flaws and some shallow glaze rough spots, two frits and two chips to the rim.

 

References:

Arts 1983, Plate 8a

Rinaldi 1989, pp.100-105 &  Pl.90

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, p.288 & Serial No. 2454 & 5095

 

Price: € 799 - $ 891 - £ 687 

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011911
2011911

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011911

 

Dish

 

China

 

1620-1640

 

Height 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 208 mm (8.19 inch), diameter of footring 111 mm (4.37 inch), weight 287 grams (10.12 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, slightly scalloped flat rim. Kiln sand adhering to the footring. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird perched on a rock in a marshy landscape with flowering plants, rocks and clouds encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim with large panels filled with peach and auspicious symbols alternating with narrow panels with dots. The scheme of the underside repeats that of the front, large ogival or round panels filled with contain dots alternating with narrow panels with lingzhi motifs.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a Border VII.2 dish. Here the large panels on the border are no longer filled with floral sprays or insects, while the peach has begun its transformation into what is known as the sunflower motif. Auspicious symbols replace floral sprays and insects, most of them concerned with longevity, as if to ward off the dangers of wars and famines which swept over China at that time. These symbols are usually Daoist or the Eight treasures. Buddhist symbols are much rarer. In this group narrow panels are partly filled with diaper motifs. In the centre medallion the ducks in a pond and the hanging basket are still very common. In this group a new motif appears: a bird on a rock near water and large flowers, usually peonies. The scheme of the underside repeats that of the front. Large ogival or round panels contain fungus and dots; narrow sections contain stylised lingzhi motifs. In this group narrow panels are partly filled with diaper motifs while there are a few dishes which do not have a diaper border around the central medallion. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.100-105)

 

Condition: Two firing flaw on the base and some very tiny shallow glaze rough spots to the rim.

 

Reference:

Rinaldi 1989, Pl. 94

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 429

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010981
2010981

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010981

 

Dish

 

China

 

1630-1650

 

Height 48 mm (1.89 inch), diameter of rim 268 mm (10.55 inch), diameter of footring 145 mm (5.71 inch), weight 595 grams (21.03 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring with a flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a bird in flight and a bird perched on a rock in a marshy landscape with flowering peonies and clouds encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim large panels filled with peach and auspicious symbols alternate with narrow panels with a diaper or scale pattern and tassels. The scheme of the reserse repeats that of the front large panels filled with a dot within a larger circle alternate with narrow panels with stylised lingzhi.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a Border VII.3 dish. Borders in this group show a great variety in their decorative motifs. The most common bears the sunflower motif alternating with large and simply drawn symbols. Dishes with similar border were found among the shards from the São Gonçalo. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.106-108)

 

For a similarly decorated dish, please see:

Condition: Two tiny chips and some very tiny glaze frits to the rim. A short hairline to the rim and three hairlines from the rim to the base. A firing flaw to the rim.

 

References:

Frank 1969, p.61

Rinaldi 1989, Pl. 97

 

Price: € 599 - $ 668 - £ 515

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011031
2011031

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011031

 

Dish

 

China

 

1595-1645

 

Provenance: Previously sold by the late Mr R. Kessels, a former antiques dealer in Groningen, the Netherlands.

 

Height 39 mm (1.54 inch), diameter of rim 205 mm (8.07 inch), diameter of footring 120 mm (4.72 inch), weight 255 grams (8.99 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, everted and scalloped rim. Some kiln sand adhering to the footring. The meisande, or petalled, style decoration in underglaze blue with ducks-in-a-pond next to flowering chrysanthemum and lotus plants surrounded by an elaborate bracketed border and encircled by a ten pointed scalloped medallion. On the moulded sides and rim ten round, or onion shaped, medallions filled with auspicious symbols. In between the medallions a single looped bow. On the reverse wide panels filled with lines and dots. The footring has been pierced.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. In border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 130 mm (5.12 inch) to 200 mm (7.87 inch) in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the footrim. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.109-111)

 

A hole has been drilled in the very short footring in order to fit a wire through it - the traditional Dutch way to hang dishes on walls as display pieces. (Rinaldi 1989, p.137)

 

A similarly shaped and well painted dish was excavated from the wreck of the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) vessel the Witte Leeuw (1613). Its properly excavated and documented cargo included many pieces of kraak porcelain in a wealth of varieties. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.55)

 

The Japanese refer to these dishes as 'meisande' and to the panelled style as 'fuyoda'. Numerous dishes of this type were found in the Banda (wrecked 1615) but do not occur in the Ardebil collection, which was completed before 1611. (Pijl-Ketel 1982, p.83)

 

For similarly decorated dishes, please see:

For a dish with an identically decorated elaborate bracketed border, please see:

Condition: A firing flaw to the base. Some very very shallow glaze rough spots and a fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1977, lot 1003

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp. 83-100 & inv.no:5210

Rinaldi 1989, p.137 & Pl. 107

Pinto de Matos 1996, cat. 56

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.55

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, Serial No. 4580, 4584, 5095, 5097A &,5097C

Krahe 2016, cat. 208

 

Price: € 1.299 - $ 1,449 - £ 1,118

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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201079
201079

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 201079

 

Small dish

 

China

 

1595-1645 

 

Height 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of rim 140 mm (5.51 inch), diameter of footring 75 mm (2.95 inch), weight 115 grams (4.06 ounce (oz.))

 

Small dish on footring, everted and scalloped rim. Some kiln sand adhering to the footring. The meisande, or petalled, style decoration in underglaze blue with a cicada (Latin for grasshopper) on a rock next to a peach encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides and rim eight round, or onion shaped, medallions, decorated with peaches and auspicious symbols, in between each medallion a single looped bow. On the reverse eight broad panels with symbols or jewels and lines.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. In Border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 13 to 20 cm in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the footrim. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.109-111)

 

Condition: Two firing flaws to the centre and a very tiny fleabite to the rim.

 

References: 

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp. 270-283

Rinaldi 1989, Pl. 108

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 429

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010645
2010645

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010645

 

Small dish

 

China

 

1595-1645

 

Height 36 mm (1.41 inch), diameter of rim 137 mm (5.39 inch), diameter of footring 71 mm (2.79 inch), weight 127 grams (4.48 ounce (oz.))

 

Small dish on footring, everted and scalloped rim. The meisande, or petalled, style decoration in underglaze blue with a bird perched on a rock next to a flowering chrysanthemum encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides eight round, or onion shaped, medallions, filled with peaches, the emblem of marriage and symbol of immortality and springtime, ruyi heads, head of the scepter Rui, signifying "as you wish", because the head is similar to the conventionalised form of a lingzi, and Musical stones, one of the Eight Precious Symbols, a symbol of Good Luck and also an emblem of harmony. In between each medallion a single looped bow. On the reverse eight broad panels with lines and dots. (Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp.270-283)

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. In Border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 13 to 20 cm in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the footrim. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.109-111)

 

Condition: Two firing flaws to the centre with connected hairlines and a tiny glaze chip to the rim.

 

References:

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp. 270-283

Rinaldi 1989, Pl. 104

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 429

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011243
2011243

Kraak Porcelain wares 1570-1645 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011243

 

Small dish

 

China

 

1595-1645

 

Height 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of rim 145 mm (5.71 inch), diameter of footring 81 mm (3.19 inch), weight 126 grams (4.44 ounce (oz.))

 

Small dish on footring, everted and scalloped rim. Some kiln sand adhering to the footring. The meisande, or petalled, style decoration in underglaze blue with a cricket, emblem of courage and symbol of summer, perched on a rock next to a flowering peony, king of flowers, symbol of spring, with clouds and two other flying insects, encircled by an eight pointed scalloped medallion. On the sides eight round, or onion shaped, medallions decorated with peach, and auspicious symbols. In between each medallion a single looped bow. On the reverse eight broad panels with symbols or jewels and lines.

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. In Border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 13 to 20 cm in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the footring. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.109-111)

  

The central design depicted on this saucer is of the 'spring time and longevity' theme that was popular in the Ming dynasty. It is portrait by a landscape of rock, insects (e.g. bees, butterflies, crickets, cicadas) and flowers (e.g. camellia, sunflower, rose, chrysanthemum, peony). The insects are vibrant life forms; a rock stands for longevity; and the flowers are spring blossoms. Altogether, the design expresses a wish for youth, health and longevity. (Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, pp. 238-239)

 

For an identically decorated dish, please see;

Condition: A shallow glaze chip to the rim.

 

References:

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp. 270-283

Rinaldi 1989, Pl. 108

Sjostrand & Lok Lok 2007, Serial No. 2479 & Serial No. 1440

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 429

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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