Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800

 

Page 1

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 are, if available, categorized in the following order:

  • Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares
  • English over-decorated Clobbered wares
  • German over-decorated Hausmaler wares

 

Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares

Amsterdams Bont is the Dutch name given to a specific group of Chinese or Japanese porcelain that was over-decorated with enamels in the Netherlands. The group consists of bowls, plates, vases, cups and saucers, etc., that were painted in underglaze blue in Jingdezhen or Arita (Japan) and shipped to Holland. Because coloured wares yielded more profits than the ordinary blue-and-white, an additional enamelled decoration was painted on these porcelains. Sometimes this new decoration respects the original Chinese or Japanese decoration and elaborates on it. Other times, however, the Dutch painter was not so respectful and over-painted the blue, creating a chaotic design. Of course, it was easier to paint undecorated pieces that were completely white, for which Japanese wares seem to have been preferred. Over-decorating first appears c.1700 and continued far into the 18th century. It was probably done privately by individuals to generate some extra income. These over-painted pieces were fired in local ceramic factories, which did this in addition to their normal assortment. It is likely that this practice was concentrated in Delft, Makkum and Harlingen where earthenware (faience) was produced, but it could also be done in tile factories such as those in Rotterdam. Notwithstanding the name of this category, there is no indication that it was done on a large scale in Amsterdam. Dated pieces are rare, and because there is almost no documentary information on Amsterdams Bont, it is difficult to say when exactly these pieces were made. Usually, carefully painted objects are regarded as early.

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2012212

 

Bowl

 

China

 

c.1730, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1734 or later to commemorate the marriage in 1734 of Prince William IV of Orange-Nassau and Princess Anne, Princess Royal of England. Her diamond necklace was a wedding present from her husband.

 

Height 69 mm (2.72 inch), diameter of rim 151 mm (5.94 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 265 grams (9.35 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with zig-zag lines pattern borders round the bottom and rim. On the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1743 with three fruiting orange trees on the middle tree a banner with the Dutch word vreede (peace), this middle tree is flanked by two head and shoulder portraits of William IV, Prince of Orange-Nassau (1 September 1711 – 22 October 1751), born Willem Karel Hendrik Friso and Anne of Hanover Princess Royal, and Princess of Orange. Prince William is wearing the badge and blue sash of the Order of the Garter to which he had been nominated on 12th June 1733, and a wig whose long flowing locks conceal his crooked back. Princess Anne is wearing the diamond necklace that was her wedding present. On the bottom four groups of flowering peonies. The central representation is surrounded by an x-pattern border and four single flower sprays alternating with small foliage on the inner wall. Round the inner rim an ornamental border.

 

Since the establishment of the United Provinces in 1579 powerful members of the Orange-Nassau family had governed as Stadholders in the various provinces. In the 17th century their status had been raised by two marriages into the English royal family; in 1641, William II, (1626-1650), son of Prince Frederick Henry, (1584-1647), married Mary Stuart, daughter of Charles I; in 1677, their son, William III, (1650-1702), married Mary Stuart, (1662-1695), daughter of James, Duke of York, Later King James II. In 1689 William III and Mary succeeded to the throne of England. They had no children and after William's death the title of Prince of Orange-Nassau passed to Johan Willem Friso, (1687-1711), Stadholder of the northern provinces of Friesland and Groningen. This was inherited by his son Willem Carel Hendrik Friso, Prince William IV of Orange-Nassau, (1711-1751), an intelligent and courageous man whose ambition was to gain the position of Stadholder over all Seven Provinces. In 1734 he married Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, (1709-1759), daughter of George II, Hanoverian King of England, an event commemorated on delftware and Chinese porcelain. Although this is the first time that Dutch decorators had used Chinese porcelain to commemorate members of the House of Orange, it was part of a continuing tradition dating back to William the Silent (1533-1584) in which Orange-Nassau coats of arms and portraits were impressed or painted on German stoneware and delftware both in the Dutch Republic and England. (Espir 2005, pp.161-162) 

  

Willem IV was the first hereditary 'stadhouder' of the Netherlands. On 14th March 1734 Prince William IV of Orange-Nassau married Princess Anne, the Royal Princess and Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach in the French Chapel at St. James's Palace attended by the royal family and four thousand guests. William and Anne had five children. (Espir 2005, p.163) 

 

The source of the portrait of Prince William was perhaps a painting in 1733 by Jacob Schalken (1683-1733) of William in noble profile facing left wearing the sash and badge of the Order of the Garter and holding a heavy staff of office in his right hand. But a similar portrait was painted by Philips van Dyk in 1734 which was copied in mezzotint in 1735 by J. Faber and engraved by Ph. Endlig. As for Princess Anne, in 1734, Philip Mercier painted two portraits of her in a low cut heavily bejewelled dress, probably her wedding dress, with jewels in her hair. On one she is in profile wearing the diamond necklace, copied in mezzotint by J. Faber, and on the other she is turning to the front, but without the necklace, copied by an unknown engraver. The half-turned image with the necklace appears to be a combination of the two portraits but may derive from an as yet unidentified painting. (Espir 2005, p.164) 

 

Thoma Jefferys Willian IV and Anne of Hannover Copperplate mid 18thc RNA RPP 1906 4264

 

A copperplate engraving by Thomas Jefferys (1749-11799) of Prince William IV of Orange- Nassau (1711-1751) and Princess Anne of Hannover (1709-1759), mid-18th century. (source: Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Objectnumber RP-P-1906-4264)

 

For an identically, shaped, sized and over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, bowl, please see:

For similarly shaped, sized and over-decorated bowls, please see:

Condition: A fring flaw and shallow chip to the footring and two hairlines to the rim.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 338

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 312

Hervouët 1986, cat. 16.76

Espir 2005, pp.161-164 & cat. 12

Emden 2015/1, cat. 123

Emden 2015/2, cat. 123

Salisbury, 2014, cat. 315

Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Objectnumber RP-P-1906-4264

 

Price: € 699 - $ 763 - £ 613

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2012204

 

Covered jar

 

China

 

1730-1760

 

Height with cover 64 mm (2.51 inch), height without cover 39 mm (1.54 inch), diameter of rim 58 mm (2.28 inch), diameter of ring knob 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight with cover 118 grams (4.16 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 54 grams (1.90 ounce (oz.))

 

Covered jar on footring with an almost cylindrical ribbed body. The ribbed domed cover with a ring knob, the ring knob and cover rim with an underglaze brown-edge (jia mangkou). Undecorated. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and gold enamels in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1730-1740 with a framed iron-red and gold cartouche filled with a discreetly draped semi-naked lady washing her feet, aided by a young boy, alternating with a leafy spray. The cover is decorated en suite.

 

Among the millions of pieces of Chinese porcelain imported by the Dutch in the 18th century, a small amount was not decorated, but completely plain or with just an underglaze blue border design. This 'white' porcelain, as it is called in the records of the VOC, was decorated in the Netherlands in enamel colours by private enamellers, who either made use of ceramic factories and their facilities in Delft, Rotterdam and other Dutch towns, or fired the pieces themselves at a low temperature in a private muffle kiln. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.319

 

Chinese porcelain coffee or tea-services decorated in encre de Chine with a Chine de commande design were expensive, rare and much in demand. Dutch decorators started over-decorating cheap undecorated Chinese coffee or tea-services with imitations of Chine de commande designs in ence de Chine style and selling it at a profit. Jörg states that copies of Chine de commande are rare and allow a dating post quem. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.319

 

This Chine de commande scene with a discreetly draped semi-naked lady was made after an engraving by the French engraver Claude-Augustin-Piere Duflos (1700-1786), known as 'Le Bain'. It has been suggested that the lady depicted is the famous Marie-Jeanne Bécu or Madame du Barry (1743-1793) the famous mistress of Louis XV of France although this seems very unlikely as Marie-Jeanne Bécu was only intoduced at Louis XV court in 1767). Others say she represents the goddess Diana at her bath while a winged putto washes her feet. This 18th century subject can be found on many examples of Chinese porcelain decorated in China and a few painted in Holland, perhaps copying a Chinese example. (Hervouët 1986, p.124), (Espir 2005, p.189), (Salisbury 2014, p.22, cat. 331

 

For identically, originally Chinese decorated, objects with the Le Bain design, please see:

For identically over-decorated dishes with the Le Bain design, please see:

Such covered jars were once part of an undecorated coffee and or tea-service. They may have been used to keep lumps of sugar-caandy which was served when drinking tea. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.111

 

Condition: Two firing flaws and some tiny frits to the footring.

 

References:

Hervouët 1986, p.214 & no. 6.28 - 6.35, no. 16.18

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.111 & 319 

Espir 2005, p.189 & cat. 43

Salisbury 2014, cat. 331 

 

Price: € 699 - $ 794 - £ 627

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011700

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011700

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, overdecorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 55 mm (2.17 inch), diameter of rim 102 mm (4.02 inch), diameter of footring 43 mm (1.69 inch), weight 96 grams (3.39 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides flaring towards a slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with with a continuous river scene with mountains, pagodas, rocks and trees. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with a boy leading a dog on a leash. On the bottom a flower basket with ribbons and round the inner rim a border of half flower heads.

 

The Amsterdams Bont decoration of the boy with the dog playing with a dog on a leash is rare and interesting. In the exhibition catalogue, Eastern Ceramics and other works of art from the collection of Gerald Reitlinger, from the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford a Japanese ko-Imari bowl with a similarly decoration of a boy carrying a sheaf of corn on his back while playing with a dog on a leash (accession number 1978.578), is dated to the first half of the 18th century. Impey illustrates a Japanese bowl in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Reitlinger gift (accession number 1978.536), similarly decorated with a boy this time holding puppy, to the 19th century. A third similarly decorated bowl, dated 1700-1725, can be found in the Chinese ceramics collection of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, (objectnummer BK-1968-247), (Oxford 1981, p.86, cat 233), (Impey 2002, p.248, cat. 440)

 

Condition: A fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Oxford 1981, cat 233

Impey 2002, cat. 440

 

Price: € 499 - $ 555 - £ 450

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011902
2011902

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011902

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 74 mm (2.91 inch), diameter of rim 145 mm (5.71 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.17 inch), weight 312 grams (11.05 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue. On the outside four groups of flowering plants, on the inside a border with florets between scrolls, on the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four 'Long Eliza' figures alternating with groups of flowering plants. On the interior wall six flower sprays and on the base leafy flower sprays. 

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, in Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the exterior wall and a tiny fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 450

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1 

 

Object 2012133

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 69 mm (2.72 inch), diameter of rim 144 mm (5.67 inch), diameter of footring 68 mm (2.68 inch), weight 291 grams (10.26 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with zig-zag lines pattern borders round the bottom and rim. On the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with a wide spread river scene and two men standing near a waterfront with houses and a tower watching sailing boats on the water, on the opposite side of the water a fortress with a tower this scene alternates with a couple seated on a fence in a garden landscape eating fruit from a basket. On the bottom four groups of flowering peonies. The central representation is surrounded by an x-pattern border and five single flowering peonies on the inner wall.

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

It has been suggested that the couple, although lacking the trappings of royalty, could represent Willem IV and Anne of Hanover Princess Royal, and Princess of Orange. Prince William and Princess Anne enjoying marital harmony. (Espir 2005, p.165)   

 

Condition: A restored frit with a connected hairline to the rim..

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Espir 2005, p.116 & p.254

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 499 - $ 558 - £ 429

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011974
2011974
Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1 

 

Object 2011974

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 71 mm (2.80 inch), diameter of rim 150 mm (5.91 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.17 inch), weight 260 grams (9.17 ounce (oz.)), 

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with three clusters of flowering plants. Around the rim a border of folded leaves. On the bottom, a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1750-1770 with around the foot a zig-zag lines-pattern border and near the foot a spiral-pattern border. On the outside three huntsmen with a rifle in one hand and a shot bird or a hunting horn in the other alternate with flowering scrolls. On the inside three huntsmen with a rifle in one hand and a shot bird or a hunting horn in the other alternate with a running dog. On the bottom, a basket filled with flowering plants and hanging ribbons. 

 

 2011974 7

 

Hunting wild animal for sport and pleasure was for centuries the prerogative of rulers and the nobility who devoted much time and passion to their pursuit.

 

Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont 'Hunting' scenes can, according to Espir, be categorized as 'Subjects with no datable context' other subjects in this category are; Flowers, Whaling, Daily Life, Landscapes and Religion. (Espir 2005, p.11 & p.184

 

For a dish with a splendid Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont Hunting scene, please see:

Condition: Some firing flaws to the base and inner footring, some tiny fleabites and a frit to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005,  p.11, p.184 & cat. 37

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 699 - $ 778 - £ 631

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010109
2010109

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010109

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 146 mm (5.75 inch), diameter of footring 57 mm (2.24 inch), weight 251 grams (8.53 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with zig-zag lines pattern borders round the bottom and rim. On the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four, black outlined panels, reserved on a trellis pattern ground in iron-red, filled with a 'Long Eliza' figure standing in a garden landscape with houses and trees. On the bottom a 'Long Eliza' figure standing in a garden landscape. The central representation is surrounded by a trellis pattern border and four cartouches filled with a single flowering peony on the inner wall groups of flower sprays alternate with an insect in flight. On the base an old paper collectors label that reads: "744a".

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, holding a flower. In Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: A tiny frit to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Espir 2005, p.254

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 599 - $ 667 - £ 541

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011922
2011922

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011922

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 72 mm (2.83 inch), diameter of rim 148 mm (5.83 inch), diameter of footring 61 mm (2.40 inch), weight 291 grams (10.26 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with two diaper pattern borders one near the foorting the other round the rim. On the bottom a flower head in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with two wide spread peony plants and two birds perched on the branches. On the interior wall insects in flight alternating with peony flower sprays. On the bottom three clusters of flower sprays originating from a flower head in gold.

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

Espir describes an identically shaped and sized and almost identically decorated bowl as 'decorated in famille verte palette but famille rose style' for this Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont bowl, please see:

Condition: A tiny fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005, p.103 cat. 37 & p.254

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 372

 

Price: € 499 - $ 558 - £ 445

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011103
2011103
Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont - Kakiemon Designs

 

Object 2011103

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 68 mm (2.78 inch), diameter of rim 149 mm (5.87 inch), diameter of footring 53 mm (2.09 inch), weight 265 grams (9.35 ounce (oz.)), 

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated with a wide band of floral anhua decoration between narrow hatched or cash diaper borders in underglaze blue. Over-decorated in the Kakiemon palette in iron-red, gold and overglaze green, blue and black enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1750-1770 with a large panel filled with a bird perched on a branch, bamboo and flowering magnolia and with banded hedges alternating with a smaller panel filled with a fisherman by a sentry house on a leafy scroll ground. On the inside four flower sprays between narrow hatched or cash diaper borders in underglaze blue. On the bottom a flower head anhua decoration with an over-decorated flower head with leaves.

 

The finest Kakiemon porcelains were enamelled on very white clay in a palette of translucent blue, yellow. blue-green, red and black enamels and gold. The composition, the range of motifs and the delicacy of the painting in a restricted palette all contribute to a distinctive style which is instantly recognisable. Many of the subjects of the design, especially the birds and the flowers, originated in China but had subsequently been absorbed into Japanese art. (Espir 2005, p.78)

 

While underglaze blue was perfectly suited to Imari over-decoration it added nothing to Kakiemon only constraining it within its borders, but it seems that an attempt was made by the Dutch decorators to widen the market for Kakiemon by modifying the style to fit the more common blue-and-white porcelain. As only a few of the larger items such as teapots, stands, slopbowls and milk jugs remain, and teabowls and saucers are very rare, one can only conclude that the attempt was unsuccessful. (Espir 2005, p.91) 

 

The hedge of rice straw, known as a 'banded hedge' because of the ties binding it together, is one of the trademarks of Kakiemon design as are flying and perching birds, tigers and the bamboo leaves on the ground. (Espir 2005, p.82)  

  

Condition: Some fleabites and two frits to the rim and some wear to the decoration.

 

References:

Espir 2005,  p.78, p.82 & p.91

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 499 - $ 554 - £ 430

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011150
2011150

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011150

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 59 mm (2.32 inch), diameter of rim 112 mm (4.41 inch), diameter of footring 41 mm (1.61 inch), weight 170 grams (6.00 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, steeply rounded sides and a straight rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with four groups of flowering plants, round the rim a trellis-pattern border with four reserves filled with flower sprays. On the bottom a flower spray in a concentric band and round the inner rim a single concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, green and black enamel and gold in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four panels filled with a flowering plant, in between the panels leafy branches round the foot a descending lotus leaves-pattern border. On the bottom a single flower spray and on the inner wall six single flower sprays.

 

Condition: A firing tension hairline to the footring , a popped bubble of glaze (caused by the firing process) and two fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: € 99 - $ 115 - £ 86

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010108
2010108

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010108

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 127 mm (5.00 inch), diameter of footring 62 mm (2.44 inch), weight 217 grams (7.65 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with various antiquities, on the bottom a single artemisia leaf with a tied ribbon in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four panels, two filled with a basket filled with flowering plants and hanging ribbons the other two with a fisherman by a sentry house. Around the foot a spiral pattern border. On the bottom a basket filled with flowering plants, hanging ribbons and two flying insects. Around the inner rim an ornamental border. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: "Pair of fish" (shuang yu), one of the eight Buddhist Emblems and symbol of marital bliss, in a double circle in underglaze blue.

 

On this particular bowl the decoration it is well painted with a wealth of flowers, while on other pieces it is often more stylised. 

 

The flower basket, in Dutch de bloemenmand was by far the most popular motif used on Amsterdams Bont pieces decorated in the Netherlands. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.328)

 

For an identically decorated bowl, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 342 & 343

Kassel 1990, cat. 182

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 390

Mudge 2000, cat. 176

Salisbury 2014, cat. 309

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 270

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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English over-decorated Clobbered wares

In the eyes of some scholars and collectors of both Chinese and European porcelains, Chinese export porcelains decorated in Europe are a chinoiserie hybrid. Thanks to this prejudice, such wares have been long overlooked and frequently denigrated with the term clobbered. In the late 19th century European decorated oriental porcelain was called 'clobbered', a word that came into the English language in the mid-19th century meaning as a noun, 'a black paste used by clobbers to fill up and conceal cracks in leather', and as a verb, 'to patch up, to cobble'. Later it was applied to old clothes meaning 'to renovate' and by the 19th century it was it was applied to porcelain. In 1900, F.Litchfield stated, 'There is a description of Chinese known as clobbered .... overpainted with ....ornament ..... sold for decorated oriental China.' It was a derogatory term meaning that the European decorator had plastered his style of decoration all over the pot with total disregard for the original which was the case in much Chinese blue-and-white over-decorated in the early 19th century and which are to blame for the poor reputation of these wares ever since. (Espir 2005, p.75), (Sargent 2012, p.499

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English-over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2012025

 

Dish

 

China

 

1615-1630, overdecorated in the West probably England, c.1780-1830

 

Height 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 210 mm (8.27 inch), diameter of footring 112 mm (4.41 inch), weight 280 grams (9.88 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring with some adhering kiln sand, everted and scalloped rim. Decorated in underglaze blue. In the centre on a fenced terrace a low table with a flowerpot filled with flowering peony, fruiting peach and the auspicious symbols; artemisia leaf, ruyi-head and wheel of fire encircled by a ten pointed scalloped medallion. On sides and rim ten round or onion shaped medallions filled with flowers and auspicious symbols, in between each medallion a single looped bow. The reverse is divided in ten broad panels by lines. Each panel is filled with a pearl and four dots. Over-decorated in green enamel, iron-red and gold in the West probably England, clobbered, c.1780-1830.  Marked on the base with an over-decorator's mark in iron-red in the form of a square filled with a pseudo-Chinese character. The footring has been pierced. 

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. Border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 130 mm (5.11 inch) to 200 mm (7.87 inch) in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the foot rim. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. 

 

According to Espir this dish belongs to a group of Chinese porcelain over-decorated with what is thought to be English decoration dating from c.1780 until about 1830. It is generally garish and so overwhelming that it gave rise to the term 'clobbered' and the poor reputation from which all over-decorated Chinese porcelain has suffered since the late 19th century. Much of the Chinese porcelain over-decorated in this way was blue and white dating back to the flood of imports from the first half of the eighteenth century which by then was one hundred years old second hand and so unfashionable as to be unsaleable. (Apparently, the quality of this 'older' kraak dish was, at that time, also considered unfashionable but fashionable enough to be used for over-decoration) On the base of many pieces over-decorated in this way is a decorator's mark in iron-red in the form of a square filled with a pseudo-Chinese character. (Espir 2005, pp.239-240)     

 

For another in kraak-style over-decorated Chinese Transitional dish, please see:

For other similarly English over-decorated objects, please see:

Condition: Firing flaws to the base, some shallow glaze rough spots to the rim, a frit to the base and a chip to pierced footring.

 

References:

Rinaldi 1989, Pl.108

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 206

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp.270-283

Salisbury 2014, cat. 371

 

Price: € 499 - $ 526 - £ 423

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011396

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1720-1740, over-decorated in England 1750-1770

 

Height 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 38 mm (1.50 inch), weight 143 grams (5.04 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering chrysanthemum plants alternating with flowering peony plants, on the bottom a single flowering spray. Over-decorated in with blue enamel, iron-red and gold in England, clobbered, c.1750-1770 with flower heads and leafy sprays and stylised reserves filled half flower heads and leafy sprays. Round the footing a marubatsu-pattern (modern Japanese for 'naughts and crosses' or 'Os and Xs'). Inside around the rim pointed upturned lotus leaves in gold on a blue enamel ground with stylised reserves filled half flower heads and leafy sprays. On the bottom a river scene with pagodas, trees, flags and mountains.

 

For similarly, English over-decorated objects please see:

Condition: Two tiny fleabites and a hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005, cat. 16

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 405 & 406

 

Price: € 199 - $ 238 - £ 175

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011012

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the England, c.1750-1770

 

Height 54 mm (2.13 inch), diameter of rim 100 mm (3.94 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch), weight 94 grams (3.31 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, straight sides flaring towards an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with three groups of flowering plants, on the bottom a flower spray in a single concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red and gold in England, clobbered, c.1750-1770 with a house and a flag alternating with flowering plants. On the interior wall three single flowering stems and on the bottom a flowering stem in a single concentric band.

 

For an identically shaped, sized and decorated bowl, please see:

Condition: A hairline with a glaze fleabite to the exterior wall.

 

References:

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 404

 

Price: € 199 - $ 221 - £ 179

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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German over-decorated Hausmaler wares

Black or schwarzlot, decoration, was just being developed in Europe, the German Hausmaler was putting it primarily on Chinese blanc de Chine objects, rather than on wares from the newly established Meissen factory.

Currently there are no German over-decorated Hausmaler wares for sale.