Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800

 

Page 1

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 are, if available, categorized in the following order:

  • Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares
  • English over-decorated Clobbered wares
  • German over-decorated Hausmaler wares

 

Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares

Amsterdams Bont is the Dutch name given to a specific group of Chinese or Japanese porcelain that was over-decorated with enamels in the Netherlands. The group consists of bowls, plates, vases, cups and saucers, etc., that were painted in underglaze blue in Jingdezhen or Arita (Japan) and shipped to Holland. Because coloured wares yielded more profits than the ordinary blue-and-white, an additional enamelled decoration was painted on these porcelains. Sometimes this new decoration respects the original Chinese or Japanese decoration and elaborates on it. Other times, however, the Dutch painter was not so respectful and over-painted the blue, creating a chaotic design. Of course, it was easier to paint undecorated pieces that were completely white, for which Japanese wares seem to have been preferred. Over-decorating first appears c.1700 and continued far into the 18th century. It was probably done privately by individuals to generate some extra income. These over-painted pieces were fired in local ceramic factories, which did this in addition to their normal assortment. It is likely that this practise was concentrated in Delft, Makkum and Harlingen where earthenware (faience) was produced, but it could also be done in tile factories such as those in Rotterdam. Notwithstanding the name of this category, there is no indication that it was done on a large scale in Amsterdam. Dated pieces are rare, and because there is almost no documentary information on Amsterdams Bont, it is difficult to say when exactly these pieces were made. Usually, carefully painted objects are regarded as early.

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011700

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, overdecorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 55 mm (2.17 inch), diameter of rim 102 mm (4.02 inch), diameter of footring 43 mm (1.69 inch), weight 96 grams (3.39 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides flaring towards a slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with with a continuous river scene with mountains, pagodas, rocks and trees. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with a boy leading a dog on a leash. On the bottom a flower basket with ribbons and round the inner rim a border of half flower heads.

 

The Amsterdams Bont decoration of the boy with the dog playing with a dog on a leash is rare and interesting. In the exhibition catalogue, Eastern Ceramics and other works of art from the collection of Gerald Reitlinger, from the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford a Japanese ko-Imari bowl with a similarly decoration of a boy carrying a sheaf of corn on his back while playing with a dog on a leash (accession number 1978.578), is dated to the first half of the 18th century. Impey illustrates a Japanese bowl in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Reitlinger gift (accession number 1978.536), similarly decorated with a boy this time holding puppy, to the 19th century. A third similarly decorated bowl, dated 1700-1725, can be found in the Chinese ceramics collection of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, (objectnummer BK-1968-247), (Oxford 1981, p.86, cat 233), (Impey 2002, p.248, cat. 440)

 

Condition: A fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Oxford 1981, cat 233

Impey 2002, cat. 440

 

Price: € 499 - $ 555 - £ 450

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011902

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 74 mm (2.91 inch), diameter of rim 145 mm (5.71 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.17 inch), weight 312 grams (11.05 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue. On the outside four groups of flowering plants, on the inside a border with florets between scrolls, on the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four 'Long Eliza' figures alternating with groups of flowering plants. On the interior wall six flower sprays and on the base leafy flower sprays. 

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, in Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the exterior wall and a tiny fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 450

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1 

 

Object 2011974

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 71 mm (2.80 inch), diameter of rim 150 mm (5.91 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.17 inch), weight 260 grams (9.17 ounce (oz.)), 

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with three clusters of flowering plants. Around the rim a border of folded leaves. On the bottom, a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1750-1770 with around the foot a zig-zag lines-pattern border and near the foot a spiral-pattern border. On the outside three huntsmen with a rifle in one hand and a shot bird or a hunting horn in the other alternate with flowering scrolls. On the inside three huntsmen with a rifle in one hand and a shot bird or a hunting horn in the other alternate with a running dog. On the bottom, a basket filled with flowering plants and hanging ribbons. 

 

 2011974 7

 

Hunting wild animal for sport and pleasure was for centuries the prerogative of rulers and the nobility who devoted much time and passion to their pursuit.

 

Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont 'Hunting' scenes can, according to Espir, be categorized as 'Subjects with no datable context' other subjects in this category are; Flowers, Whaling, Daily Life, Landscapes and Religion. (Espir 2005, p.11 & p.184

 

For a dish with a splendid Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont Hunting scene, please see:

Condition: Some firing flaws to the base and inner footring, some tiny fleabites and a frit to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005,  p.11, p.184 & cat. 37

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 699 - $ 778 - £ 631

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010109

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 146 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 251 grams (8.53 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with zig-zag lines pattern borders round the bottom and rim. On the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four, black outlined panels, reserved on a trellis pattern ground in iron-red, filled with a 'Long Eliza' figure standing in a garden landscape with houses and trees. On the bottom a 'Long Eliza' figure standing in a garden landscape. The central representation is surrounded by a trellis pattern border and four cartouches filled with a single flowering peony on the inner wall groups of flower sprays alternate with an insect in flight. On the base an old paper collectors label that reads: "744a".

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, holding a flower. In Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: A tiny frit to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Espir 2005, p.254

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 599 - $ 667 - £ 541

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011922

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 146 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 251 grams (8.53 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with two diaper pattern borders one near the foorting the other round the rim. On the bottom a flower head in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with two wide spread peony plants and two birds perched on the branches. On the interior wall insects in flight alternating with peony flower sprays. On the bottom three clusters of flower sprays originating from a flower head in gold.

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

Espir describes an identically shaped and sized and almost identically decorated bowl as 'decorated in famille verte palette but famille rose style' for this Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont bowl, please see:

Condition: A tiny fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005, p.103 cat. 37 & p.254

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 372

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011039

 

Milk jug

 

China

 

1720-1730, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1740


Height with cover 134 mm (5.28 inch), h
eight without cover 103 mm (4.05 inch), diameter 77 mm (3.03 inch), diameter of mouthrim 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of footring 47 mm (1.85 inch), weight with cover 233 grams (8.22 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 36 grams (1.27 ounce (oz.))

 

Milk jug on footring, pear shaped body with handle, small triangular spout at the rim. The C-shaped handle is placed opposite the spout. Domed cover with round knob. Jug and cover with carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in various famille verte enamels with around the foot and the mouthrim a border with flower heads reserved on a frogs' spawn ground and reserves filled with flowering plants. The spout is decorated with a single flower spray on the handle two flower sprays. Round the rim of the cover a border with flower heads reserved on a frogs' spawn ground and reserves filled with flowering plants, round the base of the knob, a lotus leaves-pattern border. Over-decorated in iron-red and gold in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1730-1740 with a large bird perched on a fence with a flowering chrysanthemum and other plants growing from behind the fence. On the cover over-decorated with two flowering stems and two half flower heads.

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

Condition: A chip to the tip of the spout.

 

Reference:

Espir 2005, p.254

 

Price: € 799 - $ 890 - £ 721

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011109

 

Teapot

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height with cover 113 mm (4.44 inch), height without cover 97 mm (3.82 inch), diameter handle to spout 174 mm (6.85 inch), diameter of mouthrim 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of footring 52 mm (2.05 inch), weight with cover 362 grams (12.77 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 30 grams (1.06 ounce (oz.))

 

Teapot of globular shape on footring. Large moulded handle with thumb rest and moulded bent spout. The inlaying flat cover with round knob. Decorated in underglaze blue with on both sides a wide flower spray, round the mouthrim a zig-zag-lines pattern border with reserves filled with florets between scrolls. On the handle and spout a single flowering stem. On the cover two flower sprays and on top of the knob a flower head. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1750-1770 with four panels, reserved on an iron-red and gold zig-zag-lines pattern ground, filled with a basket containing flowering plants and hanging ribbons alternating with a fisherman by a sentry house. On the cover two panels, one filled with a basket containing flowering plants and hanging ribbons, the other is filled with a fisherman by a sentry house.

 

The flower basket, in Dutch de bloemenmand was by far the most popular motif used on Amsterdams Bont pieces decorated in the Netherlands. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.328)

 

Condition: Some unglazed spots to the handle, a few tiny frits to the inner mouthrim, two frits to the top of the spout one with a short-connected hairline. A frit to the rim of the cover.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 342 & 343

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 390

Mudge 2000, cat. 176

 

Price: € 699 - $ 778 - £ 631

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010108

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010108

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 127 mm (5.00 inch), diameter of footring 62 mm (2.44 inch), weight 217 grams (7.65 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with various antiquities, on the bottom a single artemisia leaf with a tied ribbon in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1750-1770 with four panels, two filled with a basket filled with flowering plants and hanging ribbons the other two with a fisherman by a sentry house. Around the foot a spiral pattern border. On the bottom a basket filled with flowering plants, hanging ribbons and two flying insects. Around the inner rim an ornamental border. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: "Pair of fish", one of the eight Buddhist Emblems and symbol of marital bliss, in a double circle in underglaze blue.

 

On this particular bowl the decoration it is well painted with a wealth of flowers, while on other pieces it is often more stylised. 

 

The flower basket, in Dutch de bloemenmand was by far the most popular motif used on Amsterdams Bont pieces decorated in the Netherlands. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.328)

 

For an identically decorated bowl, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 342 & 343

Kassel 1990, cat. 182

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 390

Mudge 2000, cat. 176

Salisbury 2014, cat. 309

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 270

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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English over-decorated Clobbered wares

In the eyes of some scholars and collectors of both Chinese and European porcelains, Chinese export porcelains decorated in Europe are a chinoiserie hybrid. Thanks to this prejudice, such wares have been long overlooked and frequently denigrated with the term clobbered. In the late 19th century European decorated oriental porcelain was called 'clobbered', a word that came into the English language in the mid-19th century meaning as a noun, 'a black paste used by clobbers to fill up and conceal cracks in leather', and as a verb, 'to patch up, to cobble'. Later it was applied to old clothes meaning 'to renovate' and by the 19th century it was it was applied to porcelain. In 1900, F.Litchfield stated, 'There is a description of Chinese known as clobbered .... overpainted with ....ornament ..... sold for decorated oriental China.' It was a derogatory term meaning that the European decorator had plastered his style of decoration all over the pot with total disregard for the original which was the case in much Chinese blue-and-white over-decorated in the early 19th century and which are to blame for the poor reputation of these wares ever since. (Espir 2005, p.75), (Sargent 2012, p.499

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English-over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2012025

 

Dish

 

China

 

1615-1630, overdecorated in the West probably England, c.1780-1830

 

Height 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 210 mm (8.27 inch), diameter of footring 112 mm (4.41 inch), weight 280 grams (9.88 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring with some adhering kiln sand, everted and scalloped rim. Decorated in underglaze blue. In the centre on a fenced terrace a low table with a flowerpot filled with flowering peony, fruiting peach and the auspicious symbols; artemisia leaf, ruyi-head and wheel of fire encircled by a ten pointed scalloped medallion. On sides and rim ten round or onion shaped medallions filled with flowers and auspicious symbols, in between each medallion a single looped bow. The reverse is divided in ten broad panels by lines. Each panel is filled with a pearl and four dots. Over-decorated in green enamel, iron-red and gold in the West probably England, clobbered, c.1780-1830.  Marked on the base with an over-decorator's mark in iron-red in the form of a square filled with a pseudo-Chinese character. The footring has been pierced. 

 

According to Rinaldi this dish can be classified as a border VIII dish. Border VIII dishes rims are always straight with a slightly flared and foliated edge. The panels on the gently curved cavetto are transformed into round or drop-shaped medallions. These are separated from the usual eight pointed centre medallion by thickly drawn brackets. Dishes of this type are usually small (from 130 mm (5.11 inch) to 200 mm (7.87 inch) in diameter). Auspicious symbols have become the most common decoration in the centre medallions, but floral motifs or animal appear as well. The grasshopper emerges as a favourite decoration. The underside is divided into sections by a single line bifurcated near the foot rim. Each section contains stylized symbols or jewels and dots. 

 

According to Espir this dish belongs to a group of Chinese porcelain over-decorated with what is thought to be English decoration dating from c.1780 until about 1830. It is generally garish and so overwhelming that it gave rise to the term 'clobbered' and the poor reputation from which all over-decorated Chinese porcelain has suffered since the late 19th century. Much of the Chinese porcelain over-decorated in this way was blue and white dating back to the flood of imports from the first half of the eighteenth century which by then was one hundred years old second hand and so unfashionable as to be unsaleable. (Apparently, the quality of this 'older' kraak dish was, at that time, also considered unfashionable but fashionable enough to be used for over-decoration) On the base of many pieces over-decorated in this way is a decorator's mark in iron-red in the form of a square filled with a pseudo-Chinese character. (Espir 2005, pp.239-240)     

 

For another in kraak-style over-decorated Chinese Transitional dish, please see:

For other similarly English over-decorated objects, please see:

Condition: Firing flaws to the base, some shallow glaze rough spots to the rim, a frit to the base and a chip to pierced footring.

 

References:

Rinaldi 1989, Pl.108

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 206

Pijl-Ketel 1982, pp.270-283

Salisbury 2014, cat. 371

 

Price: € 499 - $ 526 - £ 423

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Object 2010680

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1740-1750

 

Height of teacup 38 mm (1.50 inch), diameter of rim 73 mm (2.87 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch)

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of footring 66 mm (2.60 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Polychrome decorated in bianco sopra bianco. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and other overglaze enamels, in England, clobbered, c.1750 with the stag-hunt design, two figures in a conversation on a bridge in a river scape with pagodas, trees, mountains and a hunter chasing two deer. On the rim a floral or scroll pattern border in bianco sopra bianco. The reverse is undecorated. On the base of the teacup an old paper collectors label that reads: "525 Lo Litratse".

 

The bianco sopra bianco decoration technique is Chinese and was applied in Canton whilst the stag-hunt scene in enamel colours was later added in England in the 1750s. (Jörg 1995, pp.75-76)

 

The stag-hunt design was popular in England and was applied not only to Chinese ware but also, from 1750 to porcelain from Worcester and Liverpool. (Emden 2015/1, p.134, cat. 127)

 

Bianco sopra bianco, (Italian: white on white), is a decorative technique of white enamel over white or undecorated glazed porcelain, usually to create a lace-like effect. It was common around 1740-1750. (Kroes 2007, p.653)

 

For other objects overdecorated with the stag-hunt design, plese see:

Condition:

Teacup: Some tiny fleabites and two frits to the rim

Saucer: Some tiny fleabites and two frits one with a short connected hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg 1995, cat. 32

Kroes 2007, p.653

Salisbury 2014, cat. 419

Emden 2015/1, cat. 127

Emden 2015/2, cat. 127

 

Price: € 699 - $ 778 - £ 631

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Object 2011396

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1720-1740, over-decorated in England 1750-1770

 

Height 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 38 mm (1.50 inch), weight 143 grams (5.04 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering chrysanthemum plants alternating with flowering peony plants, on the bottom a single flowering spray. Over-decorated in with blue enamel, iron-red and gold in England, clobbered, c.1750-1770 with flower heads and leafy sprays and stylised reserves filled half flower heads and leafy sprays. Round the footing a marubatsu-pattern (modern Japanese for 'naughts and crosses' or 'Os and Xs'). Inside around the rim pointed upturned lotus leaves in gold on a blue enamel ground with stylised reserves filled half flower heads and leafy sprays. On the bottom a river scene with pagodas, trees, flags and mountains.

 

For similarly, English over-decorated objects please see:

Condition: Two tiny fleabites and a hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005, cat. 16

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 405 & 406

 

Price: € 199 - $ 238 - £ 175

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Object 2011012

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the England, c.1750-1770

 

Height 54 mm (2.13 inch), diameter of rim 100 mm (3.94 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch), weight 94 grams (3.31 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, straight sides flaring towards an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with three groups of flowering plants, on the bottom a flower spray in a single concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red and gold in England, clobbered, c.1750-1770 with a house and a flag alternating with flowering plants. On the interior wall three single flowering stems and on the bottom a flowering stem in a single concentric band.

 

For an identically shaped, sized and decorated bowl, please see:

Condition: A hairline with a glaze fleabite to the exterior wall.

 

References:

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 404

 

Price: € 199 - $ 221 - £ 179

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2012125

 

Teapot stand / Patty pan

 

China

 

1730-1740, over-decorated in London England c.1755-1765, possibly by James Giles or his workshop.

 

Provenance: The Geoffrey Godden Personal Collection.

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), dimensions rim 130 mm (5.12 inch) x 123 mm (4.84 inch), dimensions base 100 mm (3.94 inch) x 90 mm (3.54 inch), weight 108 grams (3.81 ounce (oz.))

 

Teapot stand or patty pan with everted scalloped sides and an unglazed base. Decorated with carved (anhua) radiating opnened flower head leaf-shaped panels, filled with radiating lines. Over-decorated in England c.1755-1765, with iron-red and various other enamel colours with a butterfly, a caterpillar and various scattered European flowers. The rim in overglaze (dark) brown. On the side a rectangular paper collectors label that reads; 'Geoffrey Godden Personal 4/96' and on the base, a circular paper dealers label that reads; 'STOCKSPRING ANTIQUES Early James Gilles 48' and another rectangular yellow paper label that reads; 'G 17'.  

 

As early as 1728 the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC), "Dagh-registers" state that its ship 'Coxhorn' that left Amsterdam in 1728 with destination China, returned to the Netherlands on June 13th, 1730, fully loaded with tea and porcelain, among its cargo were, for instance, 810 tea pots, 251 pairs of small covered sugar-boxes and 600 pattipans. A pattipan was used to protect the surface of luxurious lacquer or painted tea tables, against the influence of a hot teapot or drops running from its spout. If, in certain circles, a special tea table was not at hand it served to protect the furniture or its valuable table-cloth from tea spots.  The Dutch word pattipan is most likely derived from the English word patty pan meaning a pastry mould for little pies or pastries. These patty pans were very similar, in shape and size, to our pattipannen. (Volker 1959), (Kleyn 1980, pp. 253-261)

 

These subtle anhua 'secret' carved Chinese decoration was too sophisticated for European taste and numerous bowls, plates cups and saucers with this minimal decoration provided a challenge as well as an opportunity to the European decorators. (Espir 2005, pp.66-67) 

 

In the eyes of some scholars and collectors of both Chinese and European porcelains, Chinese export porcelains decorated in Europe are a chinoiserie hybrid. Thanks to this prejudice, such wares have been long overlooked and frequently denigrated with the term clobbered. In the late 19th century European decorated oriental porcelain was called 'clobbered', a word that came into the English language in the mid-19th century meaning as a noun, 'a black paste used by clobbers to fill up and conceal cracks in leather', and as a verb, 'to patch up, to cobble'. Later it was applied to old clothes meaning 'to renovate' and by the 19th century it was it was applied to porcelain. In 1900, F.Litchfield stated, 'There is a description of Chinese known as clobbered .... overpainted with ....ornament ..... sold for decorated oriental China.' It was a derogatory term meaning that the European decorator had plastered his style of decoration all over the pot with total disregard for the original which was the case in much Chinese blue-and-white over-decorated in the early 19th century and which are to blame for the poor reputation of these wares ever since. (Espir 2005, p.75), (Sargent 2012, p.499

 

The lack of documentation and the decorators' anonymity-plus, admittedly, the lesser abilities of some independent decorators-have increased mainstream collectors' distancing from these wares. A commentator referred to such pieces as 'inoffensive, at worst a ruinous clobber', and observed that 'the Dutch in particular seem to have been firmly of the opinion that tuppence coloured was better than penny plain, and they suited the action to the word'. The term over-decorated may suggest that too much decoration was used, making it an unsatisfactory term. Over-decorated, clobbered, embellished ... none of these terms readily describes these wares. Many extremely fine European decorators used Chinese porcelains as their 'canvas', however, and it is only recently, with the work of Helen Espir, that these wares and their decorators have received their due.

In England 'China painters' (as they were sometimes identified) included James Gilles (or Gilles), Sr., and one known only as Campman, both of whom were working in 1723. Between 1756 and 1775, both Giles's son James (1718-1780), who worked on porcelain and glass and Jefferyes Hammett O'Neale (1724-1801), who was associated with fable painting, were well-known London decorators associated with the Worcester factory. (Sargent 2012, pp.499-500

 

Till now the earliest known documentary evidence of London 'china painters' is in the 1723 Probate Inventory of Henry Akerman, a London shopkeeper selling chinaware, glassware, stoneware and tin-glazed ware, where debts are recorded to 'Gilles China Painter' and 'Campman China painter'. Giles must be James Gilis senior, who was recorded as a 'china painter' of St Giles in the Fields in 1729 when his eldest son Abraham was apprenticed to Philip Margas, another well-known 'chinaman'. Giles' brother in law was Francis bacon also of St Giles in the Fields, who was described in his will in 1737 as 'china painter', who authenticated Giles' handwriting in his Will, stating that he had 'worked with him (Giles) as a servant in his of business for some years'.... 'and to the time of his death' in 1741, was probably the son of Francis Bacon and nephew of Gilis. Giles' younger son James (1718-1780) was to have a distinguished career as a porcelain retailer and decorator from the 1750s to the 1770s. (Espir 2005, pp.213-215)

 

On his website www.orientalceramics.com, Robert McPherson states that this type of English enamel decoration on Chinese export porcelain should be seen in a different way to what is referred to as `over-decorated` or `clobbered` porcelain. Those terms refer to Chinese porcelain that was imported into Europe as finished articles but were either too plain for merchants to sell or their profits could be enhanced by adding enamels over the existing Chinese decoration. The present example was plain white when it arrived in England, it would not have been saleable and so no merchant would have ordered it to retail. However, James Giles must have ordered allot of white porcelain specifically for decoration at his workshop in London. The shapes ordered were the lasted fashion in Europe as was the decoration he added. To my mind this makes these objects separate and distinct from other Chinese porcelain, China only provided the blank `canvas` and even that was of a form dictated to by Europe. For this reason, these objects could primarily be seen as English, they would have been totally alien to the Chinese. (www.orientalceramics.com)

 

2012125 8 Geoffrey Godden Personal 4 96 label

 

Geoffrey Godden was an author, historian, collector and dealer; but to the public he was best known for his expert valuations of fine – and not-so-fine – china on BBC Television’s Antiques Roadshow.

Godden called himself a “Chinaman” – an 18th-century term for a dealer in ceramics – and over five decades created a body of reference works that has added greatly to our knowledge of the medium. He insisted, however, that ceramics should be picked up and inspected. “You have to handle and view pieces closely,” Godden said. “Possession is almost vital to understanding.”

He published some 30 books which produced a detailed survey of English porcelain makers, from Bow, Chelsea and Derby, to Lowestoft, Liverpool and Worcester. He also wrote widely on porcelain produced outside Britain.

All of his writing, he observed, aimed to “open the reader’s eyes to the pleasures that await an inquisitive collector”. So prolific was his output that his Antiques Roadshow colleague Henry Sandon nicknamed him the “Barbara Cartland of Ceramics”.

Geoffrey Arthur Godden was born on February 2, 1929 at Worthing to Leslie Godden, an antiques dealer, and his wife Molly. After leaving Worthing High School, Geoffrey joined the family antiques business, Godden of Worthing (founded in 1900 by Geoffrey’s grandfather, Arthur).

He spent part of his teenage years packing and exporting antiques to the United States to raise funds for the war effort. He also caught the collecting bug. “I just naturally began to purchase – with my modest pocket-money – broken specimens of attractive 18th-century porcelain as others of my age might have spent their allowance saving for a new bike or model train,” he recalled.

Called up for National Service in 1947, Godden served in the Hampshire Regiment at Winchester, the Royal Sussex Regiment and finally the Queen’s own Royal West Kent Regiment at Shornecliffe.

When he was demobbed, he re-joined the family firm, specialising in 18th and 19th-century English ceramics, a radical departure from the company’s focus on furniture.

Every book I and other experts take to every roadshow was written by Geoffrey Godden. John Sandon

Having been told by his father that “if you want to know about something, write a book on it”, he published his first volume, Victorian Porcelain, in 1961. His Illustrated Encyclopedia of Pottery and Porcelain (1966) followed; it was subsequently chosen by Derek Nimmo as his book on Desert Island Discs.

Godden’s first love was Lowestoft porcelain, which had been readily available and inexpensive during the 1940s. He was drawn to these wares by their honest, anglicised interpretation of Chinese ceramic designs, often painted by women and children. “There is a homely quality to English blue and white,” he noted. In 1969 he published The Illustrated Guide to Lowestoft Porcelain (revised in 1985).

Over the following decades Godden produced countless books, often focusing on individual factories, as with Minton Pottery & Porcelain of the First Period (1968); others examined decoration – Godden’s Guide to English Blue and White (2004) – and centres of production, such as Chinese Export Market Porcelain (1979). Enthusiasts refer to his 750-page Encyclopaedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks (1964, and still in print) as “the bible”.

When signing books Godden would add “Have Fun” or “A Trifle from Worthing”, the latter mimicking the rare “Trifle from Lowestoft” inscriptions found on some porcelains. He joked that unsigned copies of his books were much rarer, given the specialist nature of the work.

By the 1970s, Godden was appearing on the antiques quiz show Going For A Song with Arthur Negus and, in the 1990s and early 2000s, was a regular contributor to Antiques Roadshow as a member of its ceramics team.

On one roadshow Godden and John Sandon (the son of Henry Sandon and a director at Bonhams) were sharing a table when a woman unpacked a china tea set. Godden informed her that it was made in the 1870s. “No, you’re wrong”, she insisted, “it’s a hundred years older than that, can’t you check in those books the other experts are using? They must be written by real experts.” “I couldn’t help bursting out laughing,” Sandon recalled. “Every book I and other experts take to every roadshow was written by Geoffrey Godden.”

Godden lectured extensively in Britain and abroad, was president of the Northern Ceramics Society (2000-12) and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. In 1992 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from Keele University.

Despite the lack of any formal training, Godden was a great educator. At home in Worthing he became a mentor to younger experts, giving seminars and hosting study weekends.

In his youth, Godden was a keen angler, representing Worthing Sea Anglers in national competitions. Later, he developed an interest in bowls, playing at the Worthing Bowling Club at Beach House Park. In 1988 he published his Beginner’s Guide To Bowls and would ruefully explain to ceramics audiences that this was his most popular book.

In 1964 Godden married Jean Magness, whose parents were market gardeners in Worthing and suppliers of strawberries to George VI. She predeceased him, and he is survived by their son.

Geoffrey Godden, born February 2, 1929, died May 10, 2016.

(source: www.telegraph.co.uk

 

Condition: Some wear to the enamels, popped bubbles of glaze, caused by the firing process, and a tiny fleabite to rim.

 

References:

Volker 1959

Kleyn 1980, pp. 253-261

Espir 2005, p.75 & pp.213-215

Sargent 2012, pp.499-500

www.telegraph.co.uk

www.orientalceramics.com

 

Price: € 499 - $ 615 - £ 443

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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German over-decorated Hausmaler wares

Black or schwarzlot, decoration, was just being developed in Europe, the German Hausmaler was putting it primarily on Chinese blanc de Chine objects, rather than on wares from the newly established Meissen factory.

Currently there are no German over-decorated Hausmaler wares for sale.