Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800

 

Page 1

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 are, if available, categorized in the following order:

  • Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares
  • English over-decorated Clobbered wares
  • German over-decorated Hausmaler wares

 

Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares

Amsterdams Bont is the Dutch name given to a specific group of Chinese or Japanese porcelain that was over-decorated with enamels in the Netherlands. The group consists of bowls, plates, vases, cups and saucers, etc., that were painted in underglaze blue in Jingdezhen or Arita (Japan) and shipped to Holland. Because coloured wares yielded more profits than the ordinary blue-and-white, an additional enamelled decoration was painted on these porcelains. Sometimes this new decoration respects the original Chinese or Japanese decoration and elaborates on it. Other times, however, the Dutch painter was not so respectful and over-painted the blue, creating a chaotic design. Of course, it was easier to paint undecorated pieces that were completely white, for which Japanese wares seem to have been preferred. Over-decorating first appears c.1700 and continued far into the 18th century. It was probably done privately by individuals to generate some extra income. These over-painted pieces were fired in local ceramic factories, which did this in addition to their normal assortment. It is likely that this practice was concentrated in Delft, Makkum and Harlingen where earthenware (faience) was produced, but it could also be done in tile factories such as those in Rotterdam. Notwithstanding the name of this category, there is no indication that it was done on a large scale in Amsterdam. Dated pieces are rare, and because there is almost no documentary information on Amsterdams Bont, it is difficult to say when exactly these pieces were made. Usually, carefully painted objects are regarded as early.

2011109
2011109

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011109

 

Teapot

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height with cover 113 mm (4.44 inch), height without cover 97 mm (3.82 inch), diameter handle to spout 174 mm (6.85 inch), diameter of mouthrim 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of footring 52 mm (2.05 inch), weight with cover 362 grams (12.77 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 30 grams (1.06 ounce (oz.))

 

Teapot of globular shape on footring. Large moulded handle with thumb rest and moulded bent spout. The inlaying flat cover with round knob. Decorated in underglaze blue with on both sides a wide flower spray, round the mouthrim a zig-zag-lines pattern border with reserves filled with florets between scrolls. On the handle and spout a single flowering stem. On the cover two flower sprays and on top of the knob a flower head. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1730-1760 with four panels, reserved on an iron-red and gold zig-zag-lines pattern ground, filled with a basket containing flowering plants and hanging ribbons alternating with a fisherman by a sentry house. On the cover two panels, one filled with a basket containing flowering plants and hanging ribbons, the other is filled with a fisherman by a sentry house.

 

The flower basket, in Dutch de bloemenmand was by far the most popular motif used on Amsterdams Bont pieces decorated in the Netherlands. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.328)

 

Condition: Some unglazed spots to the handle, a few tiny frits to the inner mouthrim, two frits to the top of the spout one with a short-connected hairline. A frit to the rim of the cover.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 342 & 343

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 390

Mudge 2000, cat. 176

 

Price: € 449 - $ 532 - £ 399

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2012204
2012204

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2012204

 

Covered jar

 

China

 

1730-1760, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height with cover 64 mm (2.51 inch), height without cover 39 mm (1.54 inch), diameter of rim 58 mm (2.28 inch), diameter of ring knob 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight with cover 118 grams (4.16 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 54 grams (1.90 ounce (oz.))

 

Covered jar on footring with an almost cylindrical ribbed body. The ribbed domed cover with a ring knob, the ring knob and cover rim with an underglaze brown-edge (jia mangkou). Undecorated. Over-decorated in iron-red, black and gold enamels in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1730-1760 with a framed iron-red and gold cartouche filled with a discreetly draped semi-naked lady washing her feet, aided by a young boy, alternating with a leafy spray. The cover is decorated en suite.

 

Among the millions of pieces of Chinese porcelain imported by the Dutch in the 18th century, a small amount was not decorated, but completely plain or with just an underglaze blue border design. This 'white' porcelain, as it is called in the records of the VOC, was decorated in the Netherlands in enamel colours by private enamellers, who either made use of ceramic factories and their facilities in Delft, Rotterdam and other Dutch towns, or fired the pieces themselves at a low temperature in a private muffle kiln. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.319

 

Chinese porcelain coffee or tea-services decorated in encre de Chine with a Chine de commande design were expensive, rare and much in demand. Dutch decorators started over-decorating cheap undecorated Chinese coffee or tea-services with imitations of Chine de commande designs in ence de Chine style and selling it at a profit. Jörg states that copies of Chine de commande are rare and allow a dating post quem. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.319

 

This Chine de commande scene with a discreetly draped semi-naked lady was made after an engraving by the French engraver Claude-Augustin-Piere Duflos (1700-1786), known as 'Le Bain'. It has been suggested that the lady depicted is the famous Marie-Jeanne Bécu or Madame du Barry (1743-1793) the famous mistress of Louis XV of France although this seems very unlikely as Marie-Jeanne Bécu was only intoduced at Louis XV court in 1767). Others say she represents the goddess Diana at her bath while a winged putto washes her feet. This 18th century subject can be found on many examples of Chinese porcelain decorated in China and a few painted in Holland, perhaps copying a Chinese example. (Hervouët 1986, p.124), (Espir 2005, p.189), (Salisbury 2014, p.22, cat. 331

 

For identically, originally Chinese decorated, objects with the Le Bain design, please see:

For identically over-decorated dishes with the Le Bain design, please see:

Such covered jars were once part of an undecorated coffee and or tea-service. They may have been used to keep lumps of sugar-caandy which was served when drinking tea. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.111

 

Condition: Two firing flaws and some tiny frits to the footring.

 

References:

Hervouët 1986, p.214 & no. 6.28 - 6.35, no. 16.18

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.111 & 319 

Espir 2005, p.189 & cat. 43

Salisbury 2014, cat. 331 

 

Price: € 699 - $ 794 - £ 627

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011902
2011902

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011902

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height 74 mm (2.91 inch), diameter of rim 145 mm (5.71 inch), diameter of footring 55 mm (2.17 inch), weight 312 grams (11.05 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue. On the outside four groups of flowering plants, on the inside a border with florets between scrolls, on the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760 with four 'Long Eliza' figures alternating with groups of flowering plants. On the interior wall six flower sprays and on the base leafy flower sprays. 

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, in Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the exterior wall and a tiny fleabite to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 499 - $ 556 - £ 450

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010109
2010109

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010109

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 146 mm (5.75 inch), diameter of footring 57 mm (2.24 inch), weight 251 grams (8.53 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Carved anhua (secret) floral decoration. Decorated in underglaze blue with zig-zag lines pattern borders round the bottom and rim. On the base a single flower spray in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and other overglaze enamels, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760 with four, black outlined panels, reserved on a trellis pattern ground in iron-red, filled with a 'Long Eliza' figure standing in a garden landscape with houses and trees. On the bottom a 'Long Eliza' figure standing in a garden landscape. The central representation is surrounded by a trellis pattern border and four cartouches filled with a single flowering peony on the inner wall groups of flower sprays alternate with an insect in flight. On the base an old paper collectors label that reads: "744a".

 

Anhua is a Chinese term meaning 'secret or hidden decoration', it is incised or carved into the body below the glaze. (Espir 2005, p.254

 

This decoration shows one of the most popular motifs of that time, the slender Chinese woman, holding a flower. In Dutch she was called a Lange Lijs, which became "Long Eliza" in English. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101)

 

Condition: A tiny frit to the rim.

 

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91 & 116

Espir 2005, p.254

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 599 - $ 667 - £ 541

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011103
2011103
Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont - Kakiemon Designs

 

Object 2011103

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height 68 mm (2.78 inch), diameter of rim 149 mm (5.87 inch), diameter of footring 53 mm (2.09 inch), weight 265 grams (9.35 ounce (oz.)), 

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated with a wide band of floral anhua decoration between narrow hatched or cash diaper borders in underglaze blue. Over-decorated in the Kakiemon palette in iron-red, gold and overglaze green, blue and black enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont c.1730-1760 with a large panel filled with a bird perched on a branch, bamboo and flowering magnolia and with banded hedges alternating with a smaller panel filled with a fisherman by a sentry house on a leafy scroll ground. On the inside four flower sprays between narrow hatched or cash diaper borders in underglaze blue. On the bottom a flower head anhua decoration with an over-decorated flower head with leaves.

 

The finest Kakiemon porcelains were enamelled on very white clay in a palette of translucent blue, yellow. blue-green, red and black enamels and gold. The composition, the range of motifs and the delicacy of the painting in a restricted palette all contribute to a distinctive style which is instantly recognisable. Many of the subjects of the design, especially the birds and the flowers, originated in China but had subsequently been absorbed into Japanese art. (Espir 2005, p.78)

 

While underglaze blue was perfectly suited to Imari over-decoration it added nothing to Kakiemon only constraining it within its borders, but it seems that an attempt was made by the Dutch decorators to widen the market for Kakiemon by modifying the style to fit the more common blue-and-white porcelain. As only a few of the larger items such as teapots, stands, slopbowls and milk jugs remain, and teabowls and saucers are very rare, one can only conclude that the attempt was unsuccessful. (Espir 2005, p.91) 

 

The hedge of rice straw, known as a 'banded hedge' because of the ties binding it together, is one of the trademarks of Kakiemon design as are flying and perching birds, tigers and the bamboo leaves on the ground. (Espir 2005, p.82)  

  

Condition: Some fleabites and two frits to the rim and some wear to the decoration.

 

References:

Espir 2005,  p.78, p.82 & p.91

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 499 - $ 554 - £ 430

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011150
2011150

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011150

 

Bowl

 

China

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height 59 mm (2.32 inch), diameter of rim 112 mm (4.41 inch), diameter of footring 41 mm (1.61 inch), weight 170 grams (6.00 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, steeply rounded sides and a straight rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with four groups of flowering plants, round the rim a trellis-pattern border with four reserves filled with flower sprays. On the bottom a flower spray in a concentric band and round the inner rim a single concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, green and black enamel and gold in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760 with four panels filled with a flowering plant, in between the panels leafy branches round the foot a descending lotus leaves-pattern border. On the bottom a single flower spray and on the inner wall six single flower sprays.

 

Condition: A firing tension hairline to the footring , a popped bubble of glaze (caused by the firing process) and two fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: € 99 - $ 115 - £ 86

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010108
2010108

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - Dutch over-decorated Amsterdams Bont wares - Page 1

 

Object 2010108

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760

 

Height 65 mm (2.56 inch), diameter of rim 127 mm (5.00 inch), diameter of footring 62 mm (2.44 inch), weight 217 grams (7.65 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with various antiquities, on the bottom a single artemisia leaf with a tied ribbon in a double concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red, black, gold and overglaze green enamel, in the Netherlands, Amsterdams Bont, c.1730-1760 with four panels, two filled with a basket filled with flowering plants and hanging ribbons the other two with a fisherman by a sentry house. Around the foot a spiral pattern border. On the bottom a basket filled with flowering plants, hanging ribbons and two flying insects. Around the inner rim an ornamental border. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: "Pair of fish" (shuang yu), one of the eight Buddhist Emblems and symbol of marital bliss, in a double circle in underglaze blue.

 

On this particular bowl the decoration it is well painted with a wealth of flowers, while on other pieces it is often more stylised. 

 

The flower basket, in Dutch de bloemenmand was by far the most popular motif used on Amsterdams Bont pieces decorated in the Netherlands. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.328)

 

For an identically decorated bowl, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1966, cat. 342 & 343

Kassel 1990, cat. 182

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 390

Mudge 2000, cat. 176

Salisbury 2014, cat. 309

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 270

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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English over-decorated Clobbered wares

In the eyes of some scholars and collectors of both Chinese and European porcelains, Chinese export porcelains decorated in Europe are a chinoiserie hybrid. Thanks to this prejudice, such wares have been long overlooked and frequently denigrated with the term clobbered. In the late 19th century European decorated oriental porcelain was called 'clobbered', a word that came into the English language in the mid-19th century meaning as a noun, 'a black paste used by clobbers to fill up and conceal cracks in leather', and as a verb, 'to patch up, to cobble'. Later it was applied to old clothes meaning 'to renovate' and by the 19th century it was it was applied to porcelain. In 1900, F.Litchfield stated, 'There is a description of Chinese known as clobbered .... overpainted with ....ornament ..... sold for decorated oriental China.' It was a derogatory term meaning that the European decorator had plastered his style of decoration all over the pot with total disregard for the original which was the case in much Chinese blue-and-white over-decorated in the early 19th century and which are to blame for the poor reputation of these wares ever since. (Espir 2005, p.75), (Sargent 2012, p.499

2011396
2011396

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011396

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1720-1740, over-decorated in England 1730-1760

 

Height 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of rim 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of footring 38 mm (1.50 inch), weight 143 grams (5.04 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring with steeply rounded sides and a straight underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering chrysanthemum plants alternating with flowering peony plants, on the bottom a single flowering spray. Over-decorated in with blue enamel, iron-red and gold in England, clobbered, c.1730-1760 with flower heads and leafy sprays and stylised reserves filled half flower heads and leafy sprays. Round the footing a marubatsu-pattern (modern Japanese for 'naughts and crosses' or 'Os and Xs'). Inside around the rim pointed upturned lotus leaves in gold on a blue enamel ground with stylised reserves filled half flower heads and leafy sprays. On the bottom a river scene with pagodas, trees, flags and mountains.

 

For similarly, English over-decorated objects please see:

Condition: Two tiny fleabites and a hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Espir 2005, cat. 16

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 405 & 406

 

Price: € 199 - $ 238 - £ 175

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011012
2011012

Chinese wares over-decorated in the West 1700-1800 - English over-decorated Clobbered wares - Page 1

 

Object 2011012

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1730-1750, over-decorated in the England, c.1730-1760

 

Height 54 mm (2.13 inch), diameter of rim 100 mm (3.94 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch), weight 94 grams (3.31 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, straight sides flaring towards an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with three groups of flowering plants, on the bottom a flower spray in a single concentric band. Over-decorated in iron-red and gold in England, clobbered, c.1730-1760 with a house and a flag alternating with flowering plants. On the interior wall three single flowering stems and on the bottom a flowering stem in a single concentric band.

 

For an identically shaped, sized and decorated bowl, please see:

Condition: A hairline with a glaze fleabite to the exterior wall.

 

References:

Sargent 2012, p.183

Salisbury 2014, cat. 404

 

Price: € 199 - $ 221 - £ 179

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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German over-decorated Hausmaler wares

Black or schwarzlot, decoration, was just being developed in Europe, the German Hausmaler was putting it primarily on Chinese blanc de Chine objects, rather than on wares from the newly established Meissen factory.

Currently there are no German over-decorated Hausmaler wares for sale.

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