Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722

 

Dishes

 

Page 1

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2010C240
2010C240

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010C240

 

Dish

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of rim 245 mm (9.65 inch), diameter of footring 134 mm (5.28 inch), weight 415 grams (14.64 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, shallow sides, wide flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a central flower head surrounded by a scroll of issuing lotus flowers in a double concentric band surrounded by four large flower heads on a underglaze blue scale pattern ground. On the rim single, repetitive flower stems. The reverse with two flower sprays. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: Lozenge, one of the Eight Precious Symbols. Symbol of victory and success, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

 

In Dutch East India Company (VOC) documents this type of dish is called a 'double dinner plate', which is larger than a normal plate of c.230 mm. It's rather special in that the flat shape clearly reflects the model that was used by the Chinese potter, namely a Dutch pewter plate. This type of plate was produced for only a short period, c.1695-1710; it was succeeded by slightly deeper plates. The decoration on the rim also shows Western influence in the stiff repetition of different flowers, probably based on European printed designs.

 

For dishes with identically decorated rims, please see:

For an identically shaped dish, please see;

Condition: A few very tiny fleabites to the rim and a X-shaped hairline to the base.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1969, cat. 15

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 291

Amsterdam 2006, lot 1060

Suchomel 2015, cat. 116

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011007
2011007

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011007

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 46 mm (1.81 inch), diameter of rim 227 mm (8.94 inch), diameter of footring 142 mm (5.59 inch), weight 479 grams (16.89 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, fluted sides and foliated rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a hunting scene illustrating ladies armed with bows riding with hounds after hares. On the sides and rim flowering lotus buds and auspicious symbols. To the reverse sixteen panels each with a flower on a straight stem with leaves. Marked on the base with a six character mark "Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi", Prepared during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming Dynasty (AD 1465-1487), in a double circle.

 

This Amazonian pursuit made these set of dishes a favourite design over more than a decade. The Chenghua mark (1465-1487) was not intended as a forgery, but rather as a compliment to the quality of the piece and to replace the mark of Kangxi who had forbidden the use of his name on porcelain made for export after 1682, a ban which nominally remained in force until the late 19th century. (Howard 1994, p.42)

 

In the Netherlands this design is commonly known as Joosje te paard which is common on porcelain of the early 18th century. The sixteen panels on the reverse each decorated with a flower on a straight stem with leaves is a design that can also bee seen on dishes with the so called 'aster dishes' design. (Jörg 1982/1, p.156), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.95)

 

For similarly decorated dishes, please see;

Condition: A hairline, three chips, four frits and various tiny rough spots to the rim.

 

References:

Visser 1930, cat. 6

Ottema 1943, cat. 214

London 1957, cat. 8

Jörg 1982/1, p.156 

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989, cat. 70

Howard 1994, cat. 8

Davison 1994, no.1334.

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.95

Litzenburg 2003, cat. 14

Jörg 2011/1, cat. 72

 

Price: € 799 - $ 897 - £ 697

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011875
2011875

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011875

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 227 mm (8.94 inch), diameter of footring 128 mm (5.04 inch), weight 392 grams (13.83 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, convex centre and flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue on the convex centre with a vase and a flower spray on a rolled out bookroll surrounded by a pointed leaves-pattern border with waves, rocks, a pagoda, flowering plants and a pomegranate. On the sides four groups of flowering plants. Around the rim a continuous decoration of figures in a landscape engaged in various stages of a duck hunt. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

In the collection of the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam are three Chinese Imari decorated dishes with rising convex bases. This type of dish, called a boter bord or 'butter dish' in the Netherlands, is also found in Delft earthenware. Besides a large knob of butter, this specific shape with its raised middle section could also be used for milk-puddings, savarin cakes and similar baked products served with butter or syrup sauces.

 

For identically shaped dishes, please see:

Condition: A frit and a hairline to the rim, some shallow frits and chips to the footring.

 

References:

Gulland 1911, pl. 245

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 176

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1981, cat. 86

Jörg 1982, pp.237-238

Sargent 2012, p.183

Suchomel 2015, cat. 86

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange)

 

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2011762
2011762

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011762

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter 263 mm (10.35 inch), diameter of footring 140 mm (5.51 inch), weight 555 grams (19.58 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Decorated in underglaze blue with a 'vajra' within a swirling clouds pattern border. On the rim knotted motifs alternating with floral scrolls. On the reverse two flower sprays.

 

Vajra is a Sanskrit word meaning both thunderbolt and diamond. Additionally, it is a weapon which is used as a ritual object to symbolize both the properties of a diamond (indestructibility) and a thunderbolt (irresistible force). The vajra is essentially a type of club with a ribbed spherical head. The ribs may meet in a ball-shaped top, or they may be separate and end in sharp points with which to stab. The vajra is used symbolically by the dharma traditions of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism, often to represent firmness of spirit and spiritual power. The use of the vajra as a symbolic and ritual tool spread from India along with Indian religion and culture to other parts of Asia. This dish was probably meant for the Indian market and not for the Western market. (Wikipedia

 

A Japanese dish in the Rijksmuseum Collection (AK-RBK 1972-261) with a very similar type of deoration, is dated 1660-80, for this dish please see:

Condition: Two shallow glaze chips, two shallow glaze frits and various very tiny shallow fleabites all to the reverse rim. A chip or firing flaw to the inner footring.

 

References:

Jörg 2003/1, cat. 20

Sargent 2012, p.183

Wikipedia 

 

Price: € 349 - $ 392 - £ 304

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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