Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722

 

Dishes

 

Page 1

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2011007
2011007

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2011007

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 46 mm (1.81 inch), diameter of rim 227 mm (8.94 inch), diameter of footring 142 mm (5.59 inch), weight 479 grams (16.89 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, fluted sides and foliated rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a hunting scene illustrating ladies armed with bows riding with hounds after hares. On the sides and rim flowering lotus buds and auspicious symbols. To the reverse sixteen panels each with a flower on a straight stem with leaves. Marked on the base with a six character mark "Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi", Prepared during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming Dynasty (AD 1465-1487), in a double circle.

 

This Amazonian pursuit made these set of dishes a favourite design over more than a decade. The Chenghua mark (1465-1487) was not intended as a forgery, but rather as a compliment to the quality of the piece and to replace the mark of Kangxi who had forbidden the use of his name on porcelain made for export after 1682, a ban which nominally remained in force until the late 19th century. (Howard 1994, p.42)

 

In the Netherlands this design is commonly known as Joosje te paard which is common on porcelain of the early 18th century. The sixteen panels on the reverse each decorated with a flower on a straight stem with leaves is a design that can also bee seen on dishes with the so called 'aster dishes' design. (Jörg 1982/1, p.156), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.95)

 

For similarly decorated dishes, please see;

Condition: A hairline, three chips, four frits and various tiny rough spots to the rim.

 

References:

Visser 1930, cat. 6

Ottema 1943, cat. 214

London 1957, cat. 8

Jörg 1982/1, p.156 

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989, cat. 70

Howard 1994, cat. 8

Davison 1994, no.1334.

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.95

Litzenburg 2003, cat. 14

Jörg 2011/1, cat. 72

 

Price: € 799 - $ 897 - £ 697

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010C240
2010C240

Blue and White Kangxi Period 1662-1722 - Dishes - Page 1

 

Object 2010C240

 

Dish

 

China

 

c.1700

 

Height 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of rim 245 mm (9.65 inch), diameter of footring 134 mm (5.28 inch), weight 415 grams (14.64 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, shallow sides, wide flat rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a central flower head surrounded by a scroll of issuing lotus flowers in a double concentric band surrounded by four large flower heads on a underglaze blue scale pattern ground. On the rim single, repetitive flower stems. The reverse with two flower sprays. Marked on the base with the symbol mark: Lozenge, one of the Eight Precious Symbols. Symbol of victory and success, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

 

In Dutch East India Company (VOC) documents this type of dish is called a 'double dinner plate', which is larger than a normal plate of c.230 mm. It's rather special in that the flat shape clearly reflects the model that was used by the Chinese potter, namely a Dutch pewter plate. This type of plate was produced for only a short period, c.1695-1710; it was succeeded by slightly deeper plates. The decoration on the rim also shows Western influence in the stiff repetition of different flowers, probably based on European printed designs.

 

For dishes with identically decorated rims, please see:

For an identically shaped dish, please see;

Condition: A few very tiny fleabites to the rim and a X-shaped hairline to the base.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1969, cat. 15

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 291

Amsterdam 2006, lot 1060

Suchomel 2015, cat. 116

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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