Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Japanese Porcelain

 

Japanese Imari 1690-1800

 

Page 2

When internal wars began to impede the production of, and consequently the trade in, Chinese porcelain toward the end of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), several Dutch Merchants began to buy porcelain in Japan. At the same time, the production of faience pottery in Delft was stimulated, in order to compensate the shortage of Chinese porcelain. From 1658 onward, the Dutch East India Company, (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) also recognized these commercial opportunities and began to order greater quantities of porcelain from Japan. In addition to a very diverse assortment of blue-and-white porcelain. largely in the style of traditional Chinese export goods, the coloured Japanese porcelain formed an unexpected new article in the Netherlands. It soon became very fashionable and the Company was able to generate a great deal of profit in this field.

 

One potter who benefited greatly from the new Dutch orders was Sakaida Kakiemon, who owned a porcelain kiln near Nangawara, just outside Arita. His porcelains characterized by a lucid whit composition and texture with decorations in various tints of enamel including orange-red, grass-green and blue.

 

By the second half of the 17th century, this porcelain had already seen the rise of a serious rival, the so-called Imari porcelain, named after the port in Kyushu from which it was shipped. This Imari was cheaper, and had vibrant, full decoration in cobalt blue, orange-red and gold, occasionally with extra details in green enamel, aubergine or black. It was manufactured specifically for export and harmonized perfectly with the baroque taste of the buyers in the Netherlands. It became so popular that the Chinese also began to produce it from the 18th century onward.

2011927
2011927

Japanese Imari 1690-1800 - Page 2

 

Object 2011927

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1700-1720

 

Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter of rim 333 mm (13.11 inch), diameter of footring 162 mm (6.38 inch), weight 1,328 grams (46.84 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, spreading flat rim. The glaze heavily crackled. On the base three spur-marks in a V-pattern. Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with a large flowering cherry tree growing from behind a fenced terrace on which a jardinière filled with flowering plants. On the sides, a blue ground, leafy scrolls in gold and eight panels, four large and four small, filled with flowering plants. On the rim four reserved panels filled with flowering peony, prunus, pine and bamboo alternating with leafy scrolls and chrysanthemums and peony flower heads. On the reverse three sprays of iris and prunus blossom. The dish stands crooked due to the firing process.

 

Condition: Some wear to the decoration and fine crackled glaze. 

 

Price: € 799 - $ 890 - £ 721

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010732
2010732

Japanese Imari 1690-1800 - Page 2

 

Object 2010732

 

Beaker vase

 

Japan

 

1700-1730

 

Height 318 mm (12.52 inch), diameter of mouthrim 170 mm (6.69 inch), diameter of footring 80 mm (3.15 inch), weight 1,327 grams (46,81 ounce (oz.))

 

Large beaker vase on footring, waisted cylindrical shape spreading to the rim, a takefushi-shaped foot. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with two groups of pierced rockwork with flowering peony and chrysanthemum plants. Round the neck two panels reserved on a dark blue ground filled with flowering plants and birds. The panels are flanked by three chrysanthemum flower heads on a dark blue ground with leafy scrolls in gold. Round the rim a border with panels filled with antiquities in iron-red alternating with antiquities in underglaze blue. Just above the foot a border with upturned spiky lotus leaves and round the foot a spiral border. On the inside two wide spread flower sprays with leafy scrolls.

 

This large beaker vase was once part of a garniture which mostly consisted of three covered oviform-shaped jars and two cylindrical beaker vases with spreading mouths, all with the same decoration, They were very popular in The Netherlands and elsewhere in Europe, where they were used as decorative items in the interior. (Jörg 2003/1, p.259)

 

The shape of the bulging foot, which spreads and then turns sharply inward, is seen on many ewers of this period as well as on later jars, vases and other pieces. It is a distinctively Japanese feature, called takefushi, 'bamboo-noded' foot. (Jörg 2003/1, p.74)

 

Condition: Two unglazed spots on the rim and fine crazing to the glaze.

 

Reference:

Jörg 2003/1, p.74 & p.259

 

Price: € 599 - $ 692 - £ 531 

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011233
2011233

Japanese Imari 1680-1800 - Page 2

 

Object 2011233

 

Bowl

 

Japan

 

1700-1730

 

Height 126 mm (4.96 inch), diameter 245 mm (9.64 inch), diameter of footring 86 mm (3.39 inch), weight 1,445 grams (50.97 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring. slightly everted rim. Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with three panels filled with flowering chrysanthemum and irises growing from behind a fence, reserved on a dark blue ground with flower heads and foliate scrolls in gold. Round the foot three panels filled with flowering peony alternating with two singe flower heads reserved on a dark blue ground with foliate scrolls in gold. Round the footing a pointed leaves-pattern border. On the base a single concentric band. On the bottom a flower vase on a terrace filled flowering chrysanthemum, peony and leafy scrolls in a double concentric band, the sides are undecorated. Round the rim a flower head between scrolls alternating with a pointed fence on a underglaze dark blue ground with foliate scrolls in iron-red and gold.

 

For an identically decorated écuelle with cover, please see:

Condition: Some firing flaws.

 

Reference:

Kassel 1990, cat. 297

 

Price: € 999 - $ 1,061 - £ 848

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2012049
2012049

Japanese Imari 1680-1800 - Page 2

 

Object 2012049

 

Bowl

 

Japan

 

1710-1730

 

Height 96 mm (3.78 inch), diameter 201 mm (7.91 inch), diameter of footring 72 mm (2.83 inch), weight 677 grams (23.88 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, straight rim. Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with three panels, filled with flowering chrysanthemum, hydrangea and peony plants, reserved on a dark blue ground with flower heads and foliate scrolls in gold. Round the foot six panels filled with flowering plants reserved on a dark blue ground with foliate scrolls in gold. Round the footing a marubatsu pattern (modern Japanese for 'naughts and crosses' or 'Os and Xs'). On the bottom a flower vase, with shaped handles, on a terrace filled with coxcomb and peony flowers. On the sides a fruiting peach spray and flowering peony and iris sprays.

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

Price: € 599 - $ 653 - £ 515

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011578
2011578

Japanese Imari 1690-1800 - Page 2

 

Object 2011578

 

Bowl

 

Japan

 

1710-1730

 

Height 50 mm (1.96 inch), diameter of rim 87 mm (3.43 inch), diameter of footring 38 mm (1.50 inch), weight 89 grams (3.14 ounce (oz.))

 

Small bowl on footring, steep sides and straight rim. Imari decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with on the outside irises, reeds and three zig-zag plank bridges (yatsuhashi), On the bottom a single flower spray in a single concentric band.

 

Impey illustrates an identically decorated coffee pot and states that an identical example is in the collection or Oriental ceramics in the Groninger Museum, Groningen. (Impey 2002, p.206)

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

Reference:

Impey 2002, cat. 343

 

Price: € 199 - $ 221 - £ 179

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2011724
2011724

Japanese Imari 1690-1800

 

Object 2011724

 

Dish

 

Japan

 

1700-1730

 

Height 35 mm (1.38 inch), diameter of rim 219 mm (8.62 inch), diameter of footring 115 mm (4.53 inch), weight 384 grams (13.54 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat rim. On the base five spur-marks in a X-pattern. Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with two quails amongst flowering plants surrounded by a border of half chrysanthemum flower heads in gold on an underglaze blue ground. On the sides and rim leafy and flowering peony scrolls. The reverse is undecorated. 

 

The quail, or a pair of quails, fairly often used as a motif on fine porcelain, is a symbol of courage because of its fighting qualities. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.213)

 

Condition: A hairline to the rim.

 

Reference:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.213

 

Price: € 199 - $ 234 - £ 180

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>