Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Sold Ceramics

 

Sold Blue and White wares since 1722

 

Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares

 

Page 2

Around 1680, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1722) established his authority over all parts of China after a long period of civil strife. The porcelain factories in Jingdezhen that were demolished in 1675 resumed production and within a few years exports were booming. Chinese junks sailed to Batavia, bringing their porcelain to the market. From there, it was shipped to the Netherlands in VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) vessels. However, private individuals bypassed the Company and also imported huge quantities of porcelain to Holland. In Europe, a change in dining habits and the introduction of tea and coffee created new demands. New varieties of Chinese export porcelain were produced, including all kinds of Western shapes. Porcelain, sometimes in miniature, was frequently used to decorate house interiors in Europe.

Much porcelain of this period is decorated in a clear, transparent underglaze blue. Popular decorations included the Buddhist lotus motif, a pheasant with long tail feathers on a rock amidst flowers, and the ‘Long Eliza’ with the 'Dancing Fool', the Dutch name for a Chinese lady and a small boy depicted in a garden.

Kangxi porcelain is very well made, with a thin body, a balanced shape and a smooth glaze without impurities. Cobalt blue oxide was subtly applied in varying degrees of saturation, suggesting depth and volume. The colour ranges from a silvery to a deep dark blue; in the best pieces the details and the craftsmanship are amazing. However, due to stricter controls by officials, the freedom and easy way of painting that was so characteristic of the preceding Transitional period now gave way to a more formal style with an emphasis on symmetry and centralism.

2010554
2010554

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2010554

 

Condiment jug

 

China

 

1720-1730

 

Height 110 mm (4.33 inch), diameter mouthrim 40 mm (1.58 inch), diameter footring 60 mm (2.36 inch)

 

Tapering cylindrical condiment jug on a flat unglazed base, the handle placed at an angle to the straight spout, domed cover with finial. Decorated in underglaze blue with flowering chrysanthemum sprays. On the handle and spout a single flowering stem. The cover is decorated en suite.

 

This condiment jug was, most likely, part of a cruet comprising set.

 

Condition: On the rim of the cover a few restored rim frits and chips. On the foot and top of the finial a small restored chip. From the rim, under the spout to the handle runs a restored U-shaped hairline.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

2010103
2010103

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2010103

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1723-1735

 

Height of teacup 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 57 mm (2.24 inch), diameter of footring 25 mm (0.98 inch)

Height of saucer 15 mm (0.59 inch), diameter of rim 92 mm (3.62 inch), diameter of footring 50 mm (1.97 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, sligthly everted rims. Decorated in underglaze blue with three figures in a garden landscape, birds in flight and walking chickens. Round the rims zig-zag lines pattern borders. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

Condition:

Teacup: Perfect.

Saucer: A very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

201099F
201099F

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 201099F

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1723-1735

 

Height 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of rim 104 mm (4.09 inch), diameter of footring 58 mm (2.28 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with the 'Tu Hai' pattern, a military figure marching with a lady companion towards a flagpole in the grounds of a pavilion underneath a pine tree. Around the rim a small zig-zag lines pattern border. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: An unglazed spot and two tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

More pictures of object 201099C, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold saucer >>

2011595
2011595

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2011595

 

Tea caddy

China

1780-1820

 

Height with cover 165 mm (6.50 inch), height without cover 154 mm (6.06 inch), dimensions 115 mm (4.53 inch) x 59 mm (2.32 inch), diameter of mouthrim 27 mm (1.06 inch), weight with cover 575 grams (20.28 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 24 grams (0.85 ounce (oz.))

Tea caddy of rectangular form with canted corners on a rectangular foot with a glazed base. Decorated in underglaze blue. On the flat top an unglazed cylindrical mouth. The original cover is missing. Fitted with a mahogany cover. Decorated with a panel showing a maiden-goddess bearing a spray of fruit in a garden landscape with a deer, a flowering tree, rocks, clouds and a bat in flight all in low relief alternating with a panel filled with a flowering lotus. Around all edges meander pattern borders.

 

The maiden-goddess is Hsi Wang Mu, or the 'Queen Mother of the West' / 'Royal Lady of the West' is a legendary being supposed to dwell upon the K'un-lun Mountains. In a large and beautiful palace, surrounded by extensive grounds she presides over the host of the genii and guards the peaches, which ripen but once in 3,000 years and confer immortality upon those who eat them. (Williams 1976, pp.226-227), (Howard 1994, pp.282-283)

 

For a similarly shaped and in low relief decorated tea caddy please see:

Condition: A X-shaped hairline to the base.

 

References:

Williams 1976, pp.226-227

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 111

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1989, cat. 166

Howard 1994, pp.282-283

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

2011042C
2011042C

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2011042C

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1723-1735

 

Height of teacup 29 mm (1.14 inch), diameter of rim 56 mm (2.20 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch)

Height of saucer 15 mm (0.59 inch), diameter of rim 90 mm (3.54 inch), diameter of footring 50 mm (1.97 inch)

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings, slightly everted rims. Decorated in underglaze blue with a fishing "Long Eliza" figure in a fenced garden landscape with insects in flight, a tree and flowering lotus plants. Round the rim a zig-zag lines pattern border. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

Condition:

Teacup: Perfect.

Saucer: Perfect.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

Not illustrated object 2011042B, another identically shaped, sized and decorated, sold teacup and saucer.

2010914
2010914

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2010914

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1723-1735

 

Height 17 mm (0.67 inch), diameter of rim 106 mm (4.17 inch), diameter of footring 57 mm (2.24 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a high ranking Chinese Military officer sitting on a terrace looking at an attendant playing the drums near a flagpole waving a flag stating his military rank. Another figure with a bow and arrow is shooting at a caged bird. On the rim a cloud scroll pattern border. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: Restored.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

2011907
2011907

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2011907

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1750-1770

 

Height of teacup 47 mm (1.85 inch), diameter of rim 79 mm (3.11 inch), diameter of footring 36 mm (1.42 inch), weight 70 grams (2.47 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 30 mm (1.18 inch), diameter of rim 124 mm (4.88 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch), weight 113 grams (3.99 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on high footrings, straight sides the edges slightly fluted. Decorated in underglaze blue with a mountainous landscape with various trees and bushes. In it to the left a European house with a tower, in the background to the right another European building. On the rim a border with stylized latticework, frogspawn and leaves and a rectangular meander. The teacup is decorated en suite.

 

This decoration with the European style houses in underglaze blue is quite unusual. Considering the style of the rim an American or English provenance is likely. These buildings could for instance have been situated in Macao or Canton near the Pearl River. 

 

 

 

This scene is somewhat reminiscent of porcelain decorated with Burghley House, dated c.1745. Of course the Burghley example is more refined, but beside the subject of European buildings some trees with uncommon foliage are found on both. Another comparison that comes to mind when looking at the style and detailing of the buildings are some plates which were directly copied from a Dutch Delft tile, please see object: Chine de commande - Western Subjects 1680-1800 - Various Subjects - Outdoor Scenes - Object 2011671, Perhaps another Delft tile was used here? 

 

For a similarly decorated spoon tray, please see:

For an example of a dish decorated with Burghley House, please see:

Condition teacup: Perfect.

Condition saucer: A popped bubble of glaze, caused during the firing process, to the rim. 

 

References:

Howard 1994, cat 74

Ganse 2008, p.113 & p.129

  

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>

2010319
2010319

Sold Ceramics - Sold Blue and White wares since 1722 - Tea, Coffee and Chocolate wares - Page 2

 

Object 2010319

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1720-1740

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 119 mm (4.69 inch), diameter of footring 69 mm (2.72 inch)

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Decorated in underglaze blue with a flower basket filled with a flowering chrysanthemum on a taihu rock, in the background a bamboo and peony tree growing from a taihu rock. On the sides four stylised ruyi heads.

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>