Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Chinese Imari 1700-1800

 

Page 1

Chinese porcelain producers developed new types of decorations in the early 18th century, Chinese Imari being one of them. It is characterised by a combination of underglaze blue and overglaze red and gold. Details are sometimes in black and green enamels. This development was a reaction to the success of Japanese Imari porcelain with a similar colour scheme. Sometimes Chinese imitations are direct copies of Japanese examples but more often Chinese Imari is decorated with typical Chinese motifs that are closely related to the underglaze-blue patterns of the period. However, the use of red and gold makes Chinese Imari more lavish. Landscapes, flowering plants, birds and mythical creatures are recurring motifs. Depictions of humans are less frequent and apart from armorial pieces, European designs are quite rare. The shapes fit into the normal export assortment. Chinese Imari was not only in demand in the West, but also in south-east Asia, India, and the Ottoman Empire. In the VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) records it is called 'Chinese-Japanese' and in addition to blue and white and enamelled wares, this was a standard type in the Company's assortment that was bought in Canton until the end of the 18th century.

2010800
2010800

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010800

 

Dish

China

1725-1740

 

Height 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 323 mm (12.72 inch), diameter of footring 180 mm (7.09 inch), weight 1.023 grams (36.09 ounce (oz.))

Large dish on footring, flat
rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a lotus issuing from a pond beside a garden fence, on the rim three chrysanthemum flower sprays. The reverse is undecorated.

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see;

Condition: Two tiny glaze chips to the rim.

 

References:

Kassel 1990, cat. 150a,b

Jörg 1999, cat. 72

 

Price: € 999 - $ 1.122 - £ 902

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011169
2011169

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011169

 

Tea caddy

China

1720-1730

 

Height including cover 127 mm (5.00 inch), height excluding cover 106 mm (4.17 inch), dimensions 60 mm (2.36 inch) x 60 mm (2.36 inch), diameter of mouthrim 24 mm (0.94 inch), weight including cover 250 grams (8.82 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 11 grams (0.39 ounce (oz.))

 

Tea caddy of square form with canted corners. Four flat feet at the corners. A flat shoulder and a short upright neck. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. The original cover is missing. Fitted with silver mounts (unmarked). Decorated with different flowering plants like; peony, aster, banana and cherry growing from pierced rockwork and a table with flower baskets filled with various flowering plants. On the flat shoulder four cartouches filled with flowering plants on a trellis pattern ground with four single flower heads.

 

Many flowering plants all have their own symbolism; depicted together they also symbolise nature's wealth, and hence riches. (Jörg 2011/2, p.36)

 

Condition: Some glaze rough spots to the edges.

 

References:

Jörg 2011/2, p.36

 

Price: € 699 - $ 785 - £ 610

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010916
2010916

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010916

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1720-1730 

 

Height 79 mm (3.11 inch), diameter of rim 194 mm (7.64 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch), weight 427 grams (15.06 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl or klapmuts on footring with a spreading flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with on the outside a continuous scene with pagodas and pine trees on a shore and a crenulated wall with a fortress, pine and cherry trees. On the outer rim florets between scrolls alternating with lozenge ornaments. On the inside the centre shows a river scape with a pagoda on a shore, a pine tree, rocks, plants, mountains, trees and clouds. On the sides a continuous scene with pagodas and pine trees on a shore and a crenulated wall with a fortress, pine and cherry trees. On the rim four reserves filled with flower heads and leaves alternating with flower heads flanked by leafy scrolls.

 

Bowls of this shape with a flat rim are traditionally called klapmuts in Dutch, comparing the shape with a cap with flaps. Rinaldi states that they were specially developed to meet a demand from European customers, who wanted to be able to rest their spoons in the bowl without damaging the edge. In fact, the form was already well-known, not as shallow bowls, but as late 15th-early 16th century large and fairly deep dishes in underglaze blue or as Song and early Ming celadon saucers and dishes. The klapmuts is just another variety in the gradual development of this type. (Rinaldi 1989, p.118), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.60 & p.101)

 

The shape of this bowl (klapmuts) is unusual for its production time around 1720-1730. 

 

The scene of houses and shrubbery near a river running before a crenulated wall is unusual in Chinese Imari ware. This type of decoration, with the brick wall and the pagoda is often referred to as the 'Chinese wall' while others think it is a Chinese fortress within walls. (Gordon 1977, p.47)

 

For identically decorated objects, please see: 

Condition: Firing flaws to the base and inner footring, a fleabite to the rim and a frit and fleabites to the footring.

  

References:

Gordon 1977, cat. 31

Rinaldi 1989, p.118

Kassel 1990, cat. 138

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.60 & p.101

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 749 - $ 828 - £ 644

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010502
2010502

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010502

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1720-1740

 

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 44 grams (1.55 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 110 mm (4.33 inch), diameter of footring 58 mm (2.28 inch), weight 65 grams (2.29 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings both spiralling walls and foliated rims. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold. In the centre of the saucer a single flower in a circle, on the interior wall, spiralling panels filled with hares in a landscape and cranes standing on a pierced rock. On the exterior wall two branches. On the bottom of the teacup a single flower in a double circle and on the interior wall three flowering stems. The exterior wall is decorated with spiralling panels filled with rabbits in a landscape and cranes standing on a pierced rock.

 

Condition teacup: A tiny fleabite to the rim and a frit to the inside of the footring.

Condition saucer: Perfect.

 

Price: € 199 - $ 223- £ 173

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011735
2011735

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011735

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of rim 221 mm (8.70 inch), diameter of footring 129 mm (5.08 inch), weight 351 grams (12.38 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, the moulded rim with a scalloped edge. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. In the centre a medallion with a flower spray. The medallion is surrounded by four groups of flowering plants and encircled by a double border, one with floral scrolls and flowerheads. the other with a crossed lines pattern. Each of the small modelled lobes of the rim has a stylised lotus-petal motif. On the reverse two flower sprays.  

 

The scalloped rim and edge with its many tiny indented panels is modelled after an European metal or ceramic dish. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101), (Jörg 2011/2, p.42)

 

An identical bowl and dish, probably used in Europe for serving soup. are in the Wallenstein collection. (Suchomel 2015, p.377)

 

For this indentically shaped and decorated bowl and dish please see:

For a dish decorated with famille verte enamels and with a similarly scalloped rim and edge, please see:

Condition: Firing flaws to the base and reverse rim, glaze rough spots to the edge and footring and a shallow chip to the reverse rim.

  

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91

Jörg 2011/2, cat. 31 & 32

Suchomel 2015, cat. 221

 

Price: € 499 - $ 560 - £ 435

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2011685
2011685

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011685

 

Bowl

 

China

1715-1725

 

Height 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of rim 154 mm (6.06 inch), diameter of footring 65 mm (2.36 inch), weight 282 grams (9.95 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, straight sides and an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with fish alternating with flowering peony sprays above a foaming waves pattern border. Round the rim a trellis pattern border. On the bottom a single fish.

 

Condition: A firing flaw and a hairline to the rim.

 

Reference:

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010545
2010545

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010545

 

Dish

 

China

 

1725-1740

 

Height 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 208 mm (8.19 inch), diameter of footring 130 mm (5.12 inch), weight 415 grams (14.64 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, straight rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a flowering peony and bamboo tree growing from pierced rockwork near a fence. On the rim a diaper pattern border with eight reserves four filled with a single flower and four with a double flower. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: A chip, three fleabites and some rough spots to the rim.

 

Price: € 249 - $ 279 - £ 217

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010180G
2010180G

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010180G

 

Dish

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 40 mm (1.58 inch), diameter of rim 225 mm (8.86 inch), diameter of footring 120 mm (4.72 inch), weight 450 grams (15.87 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with flowering plants growing from taihu (garden) rockwork with two perched bird facing each other each with a small bird on its back. On the rim four large panels, two with a bird perched on a branch of a flowering prunus tree the other two panels with a bird perched on a branch of a flowering peony. The four smaller panels are filled with a trellis-pattern in underglaze blue and iron-red. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the rim, five tiny fleabites to the reverse rim and a missing piece of glaze on sides.

 

Price: € 99 - $ 136 - £ 86

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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