Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Chinese Imari 1700-1800

 

Page 1

Chinese porcelain producers developed new types of decorations in the early 18th century, Chinese Imari being one of them. It is characterised by a combination of underglaze blue and overglaze red and gold. Details are sometimes in black and green enamels. This development was a reaction to the success of Japanese Imari porcelain with a similar colour scheme. Sometimes Chinese imitations are direct copies of Japanese examples but more often Chinese Imari is decorated with typical Chinese motifs that are closely related to the underglaze-blue patterns of the period. However, the use of red and gold makes Chinese Imari more lavish. Landscapes, flowering plants, birds and mythical creatures are recurring motifs. Depictions of humans are less frequent and apart from armorial pieces, European designs are quite rare. The shapes fit into the normal export assortment. Chinese Imari was not only in demand in the West, but also in south-east Asia, India, and the Ottoman Empire. In the VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) records it is called 'Chinese-Japanese' and in addition to blue and white and enamelled wares, this was a standard type in the Company's assortment that was bought in Canton until the end of the 18th century.

2010800
2010800

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010800

 

Dish

China

1725-1740

 

Height 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 323 mm (12.72 inch), diameter of footring 180 mm (7.09 inch), weight 1.023 grams (36.09 ounce (oz.))

Large dish on footring, flat
rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a lotus issuing from a pond beside a garden fence, on the rim three chrysanthemum flower sprays. The reverse is undecorated.

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see;

Condition: Two tiny glaze chips to the rim.

 

References:

Kassel 1990, cat. 150a,b

Jörg 1999, cat. 72

 

Price: € 999 - $ 1.122 - £ 902

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010233
2010233

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010233

 

Tankard

 

China

 

1710-1730

 

Provenance: Mrs Elburg-van Dam, Groningen, The Netherlands.

 

Height 130 mm (5.12 inch), diameter 85 mm (3.35 inch), diameter of mouthrim 85 mm (3.35 inch), diameter of footring 65 mm (2.56 inch), weight 441 grams (15.56 ounce (oz.))

 

Tankard on footring. C-shaped handle and an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. The cylindrical sides are decorated with two panels filled with a flowering peony tree. In between the panels flower heads on a whorl pattern ground. On the a trellis pattern border with four reserves filled with flower heads. A single flower spray on the C-shaped handle which ends in a ruyi-shaped ornament.

 

For a similarly shaped and decorated tankard, please see:

Condition: Two firing flaws to the outer footring, a fleabite to the rim and a frit to the underside of the ruyi- shaped ornament.

 

References:

Sargent 2012, p.183

Emden 2015/1, cat. 46

Emden 2015/2, cat. 46

 

Price: € 799 - $ 897 - £ 721

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011169
2011169

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011169

 

Tea caddy

China

1720-1730

 

Height including cover 127 mm (5.00 inch), height excluding cover 106 mm (4.17 inch), dimensions 60 mm (2.36 inch) x 60 mm (2.36 inch), diameter of mouthrim 24 mm (0.94 inch), weight including cover 250 grams (8.82 ounce (oz.)), weight cover 11 grams (0.39 ounce (oz.))

 

Tea caddy of square form with canted corners. Four flat feet at the corners. A flat shoulder and a short upright neck. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. The original cover is missing. Fitted with silver mounts (unmarked). Decorated with different flowering plants like; peony, aster, banana and cherry growing from pierced rockwork and a table with flower baskets filled with various flowering plants. On the flat shoulder four cartouches filled with flowering plants on a trellis pattern ground with four single flower heads.

 

Many flowering plants all have their own symbolism; depicted together they also symbolise nature's wealth, and hence riches. (Jörg 2011/2, p.36)

 

Condition: Some glaze rough spots to the edges.

 

References:

Jörg 2011/2, p.36

 

Price: € 699 - $ 785 - £ 610

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011538
2011538

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011538

 

Dish

China

1720-1730

 

Height 32 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of rim 222 mm (8.74 inch), diameter of footring 110 mm (4.33 inch), weight 368 grams (12.98 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red, green and black enamel and gold with a half-open scroll showing flowering chrysanthemum plants, a phoenix in flight and a phoenix perched on the branch of a prunus tree. The scroll is outlined by rather pronounced Japanese foliate and floral scrolls with chrysanthemum flowerheads. On the reverse two flowering sprays.

 

Chinese Imari was first introduced in the early years of the 18th century as an imitation of Japanese 'Imari'. It was based on a simpler form and was essentially an export type. The Chinese did not imitate the Japanese Imari models but copied the designs like kiku (chrysanthemum), roundels and half-roundels, fan-shaped panels, partly unrolled bamboo blinds and rather pronounced foliate and floral scrolls. The Japanese Imari colour combination was also copied, the Chinese Imari colour palette consisted of iron-red enamel and gold in combination with underglaze blue. Sometimes other colours, and even certain enamels of the famille verte such as green and black, were sparingly introduced and used in a subtle way. Chinese Imari remained popular into the 1720 after which it became overshadowed by opaque enamels. (Howard & Ayers 1978, vol. 1, p.137), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.199), (Sargent 2012, pp.183-188)

  

On this Chinese Imari dish the half-open scroll and the pronounced foliate and floral scrolls are clearly Japanese design elements copied by the Chinese who in this way tried to appeal to their newly re-established European market. Similar dishes were collected by August the Strong, elector of Saxony and King of Poland, and were also copied by the Meissen porcelain factory around 1760. (Sargent 2012, p.188)

 

All known published versions of this design show one magpie perched on the branch of a prunus with bamboo. Interestingly this particular dish shows two phoenixes and chrysanthemum.

 

For identically decorated dishes, please see:

Condition: A frit to the rim.

 

References:

Howard & Ayers 1978, vol. 1, cat. 118

Reichel 1981, cat. 89

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.199

Litzenburg 2003, cat. 62

New York 1985, lot 70

Sargent 2012, p.183 & cat. 87

 

Price: € 599 - $ 673 - £ 523

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010502
2010502

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010502

 

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

1720-1740

 

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 44 grams (1.55 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of rim 110 mm (4.33 inch), diameter of footring 58 mm (2.28 inch), weight 65 grams (2.29 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings both spiralling walls and foliated rims. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold. In the centre of the saucer a single flower in a circle, on the interior wall, spiralling panels filled with hares in a landscape and cranes standing on a pierced rock. On the exterior wall two branches. On the bottom of the teacup a single flower in a double circle and on the interior wall three flowering stems. The exterior wall is decorated with spiralling panels filled with rabbits in a landscape and cranes standing on a pierced rock.

 

Condition teacup: A tiny fleabite to the rim and a frit to the inside of the footring.

Condition saucer: Perfect.

 

Price: € 199 - $ 223- £ 173

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011735
2011735

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011735

 

Dish

 

China

 

1700-1720

 

Height 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of rim 221 mm (8.70 inch), diameter of footring 129 mm (5.08 inch), weight 351 grams (12.38 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, the moulded rim with a scalloped edge. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold. In the centre a medallion with a flower spray. The medallion is surrounded by four groups of flowering plants and encircled by a double border, one with floral scrolls and flowerheads. the other with a crossed lines pattern. Each of the small modelled lobes of the rim has a stylised lotus-petal motif. On the reverse two flower sprays.  

 

The scalloped rim and edge with its many tiny indented panels is modelled after an European metal or ceramic dish. (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.101), (Jörg 2011/2, p.42)

 

An identical bowl and dish, probably used in Europe for serving soup. are in the Wallenstein collection. (Suchomel 2015, p.377)

 

For this indentically shaped and decorated bowl and dish please see:

For a dish decorated with famille verte enamels and with a similarly scalloped rim and edge, please see:

Condition: Firing flaws to the base and reverse rim, glaze rough spots to the edge and footring and a shallow chip to the reverse rim.

  

References:

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 91

Jörg 2011/2, cat. 31 & 32

Suchomel 2015, cat. 221

 

Price: € 499 - $ 560 - £ 435

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011685
2011685

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2011685

 

Bowl

 

China

1715-1725

 

Height 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of rim 154 mm (6.06 inch), diameter of footring 65 mm (2.36 inch), weight 282 grams (9.95 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on footring, straight sides and an underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with fish alternating with flowering peony sprays above a foaming waves pattern border. Round the rim a trellis pattern border. On the bottom a single fish.

 

Condition: A firing flaw and a hairline to the rim.

 

Reference:

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 299 - $ 335 - £ 261

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010545
2010545

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010545

 

Dish

 

China

 

1725-1740

 

Height 40 mm (1.57 inch), diameter of rim 208 mm (8.19 inch), diameter of footring 130 mm (5.12 inch), weight 415 grams (14.64 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, straight rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with a flowering peony and bamboo tree growing from pierced rockwork near a fence. On the rim a diaper pattern border with eight reserves four filled with a single flower and four with a double flower. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: A chip, three fleabites and some rough spots to the rim.

 

Price: € 249 - $ 279 - £ 217

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010180G
2010180G

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010180G

 

Dish

 

China

 

1730-1740

 

Height 40 mm (1.58 inch), diameter of rim 225 mm (8.86 inch), diameter of footring 120 mm (4.72 inch), weight 450 grams (15.87 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with flowering plants growing from taihu (garden) rockwork with two perched bird facing each other each with a small bird on its back. On the rim four large panels, two with a bird perched on a branch of a flowering prunus tree the other two panels with a bird perched on a branch of a flowering peony. The four smaller panels are filled with a trellis-pattern in underglaze blue and iron-red. The reverse is undecorated.

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the rim, five tiny fleabites to the reverse rim and a missing piece of glaze on sides.

 

Price: € 99 - $ 136 - £ 86

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010566
2010566

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 2010566

 

Cream dish

China

1740-1750

 

Height 33 mm (1.30 inch), diameter of rim 165 mm (6.50 inch), diameter of footring 88 mm (3.46 inch), weight 153 grams (5.40 ounce (oz.))

Cream dish on footring, flat underglaze brown-edged rim (jia mangkou). 
Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with flowering chrysanthemum and peony plants growing from pierced rockwork and a single pheasant standing on top of the pierced rockwork. Around the inner rim a scroll of foliage and flowering peony heads. The reverse is undecorated.

 

The pheasant on a rock is a very popular motif on export porcelain and frequently appears on enamelled and underglaze blue Kangxi wares. According to Williams, in the Chinese bureaucratic hierarchy officials of the second grade had a gold pheasant embroidered on their court robes, those of the fifth grade a silver pheasant. The bird was represented as standing on a rock, looking towards the sun, the imperial symbol of authority. (Williams 1976, pp.322-323), (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.157

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the rim and a glaze hairline to base only visible on the reverse side.

 

References:

Williams 1976, pp.322-323

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 171

Sargent 2012, p.183

 

Price: € 199 - $ 223 - £ 173

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

201031A
201031A

Chinese Imari 1700-1800 - Page 1

 

Object 201031A

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1720-1740

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 114 mm (4.49 inch), diameter of footring 64 mm (2.52 inch), ), weight 63 grams (2.22 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on footring, slightly everted rim. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, overglaze iron-red and gold with in the foreground a fenced pond with two swimming fish near a lotus bud. Behind the fence flowering chrysanthemum and peony plants and in the background mountains and a pagoda. On the reverse two flower sprays.

  

Condition: Some glaze frits and chips to the footring.

 

Price: Sold.

 

More pictures >>