Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650

 

Jarlets

 

Page 2

Jingdezhen was the production centre of export porcelain, but smaller kilns in southern China competed on Asian markets. A group of factories in the south of Fujian province was particularly active. Their products are referred to by the old name of 'Swatow', which is derived from the harbour from where these wares were allegedly shipped. However, recent archaeological research has proved that in fact they were produced in the Zhangzhou area in a variety of kilns. Thick-bodied porcelain or stoneware dishes, jars, jarlets and covered boxes were made here from around 1570. Bowls, bottles, vases and kendis are more rare.

The output was exported to Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Japan, but not to Europe, where this type was regarded as too heavy and coarse. The Portuguese – and later the VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) – used Swatow as a commodity in their inter-Asian trade. The type is known in underglaze blue, in overglaze enamels and in combinations of the two. The decorations are largely derived from Jiajing and kraak porcelain made for export in Jingdezhen, but the quality of their painting is usually noticeably inferior. Landscapes with birds or deer, for instance, were sometimes drawn so quickly and sketchily that it is difficult to see what exactly is depicted. Dishes and jars often have much kiln grit adhering to their bases and their thick, milky glaze can be heavily crackled. Rather unusual are dishes with an underglaze monochrome brown or blue, decorated in white slib with dots and lines a technique only seen on Swatow wares. Also exclusive to Swatow are dishes decorated in green enamels with Arabic inscriptions that were made for the sultans in Aceh (northern Sumatra). The large jars were used to transport and stored dried fish, pickled vegetables, arak, oil, etc. Small jars contained cosmetic oils or magical fluids, while covered boxes held a paste, an ointment or whatever the owner wanted to keep in it. Swatow was highly regarded in Indonesia and for centuries pieces were cherished as family heirlooms (pusaka porcelain). Almost all Swatow in the Netherlands was collected in the former Dutch Indies and ended up here. The civil wars in China in the mid-17th century interrupted porcelain exports from Jingdezhen, but brought an end to Swatow production.

2010603
2010603

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 2010603

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 41 mm (1.61 inch), diameter 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of rim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 40 mm (1.57 inch), weight 105 grams (3.60 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck (smoothened). Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two panels filled with a carp leaping out the sea separated by a concentric waves pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border.

 

Condition: A smooth unglazed rim.

 

References: 

Miedema 1964, cat. S95

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 54

Harrisson 1979, cat. 161

 

Price: € 199 - $ 222 - £ 171

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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201052
201052

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 201052

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 47 mm (1.85 inch), diameter 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of rim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 38 mm (1.50 inch), weight 109 grams (3.85 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two cartouches containing a carp leaping out the sea separated by a scale or concentric waves pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border. On the base an old paper collectors label that reads: "289".

 

201052 12

 

These jarlets were unearthed in large quantities particularly in Indonesia. This might also explain why the jarlet is filled with lumps of solid earth that are to big to get out of the jarlet. These kind of jarlets were mass-produced over centuries and are very common in Southeast Asia where they, apart from being used as burial objects, were used for medicines, unguents and cosmetics. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.88-91)

 

Condition: Two tiny glaze frits with a tiny, glued back, glaze piece round the rim, some wear to the glaze.

 

References:

Miedema 1964, cat. S95

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 54

Harrisson 1979, cat. 161

Rinaldi 1989, p.230

 

Price: € 199 - $ 222 - £ 171

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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201053
201053

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 201053

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 45 mm (1.77 inch), diameter 53 mm (2.09 inch), diameter of rim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 31 mm (1.22 inch), weight 71 grams (2.50 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two cartouches containing a flower separated by a scale or concentric waves pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border. On the base a rectangular paper collectors label that reads: '285 / 40'.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Spots on the body were the glaze did not catch on to the body during the firing process.

 

References:

Honey 1944, Plate 147 (e).

Miedema 1964, p.19, cat. S98.

Harrisson 1979, pp.82-83, cat. 164.

Adhyatman 1999, p.122, cat. 150.

 

Price: € 99 - $ 110 - £ 85

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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2010511
2010511

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 2010511

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 50 mm (1.97 inch), diameter 61 mm (2.40 inch), diameter of rim 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of footring 37 mm (1.46 inch), weight 94 grams (3.32 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two panels filled with a flower separated by a scale or concentric waves pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Honey 1944, Plate 147 (e)

Miedema 1964, cat. S98

Harrisson 1979, cat. 164

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 150

 

Price: € 119 - $ 132 - £ 102

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

201059
201059

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 201059

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 60 mm (2.36 inch), diameter 64 mm (2.52 inch), diameter of rim: 24 mm (0.94 inch), diameter of footring 36 mm (1.42 inch), weight 97 grams (3.42 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two panels filled with a flower separated by a scale or concentric waves pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border. 

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: A glaze chip to the rim, the glaze did not catch on to the body during the firing process.

 

References:

Honey 1944, Plate 147 (e)

Miedema 1964, cat. S98

Harrisson 1979, cat. 164

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 150

 

Price: € 99 - $ 110 - £ 85

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2010207
2010207

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 2010207

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 53 mm (2.09 inch), diameter 58 mm (2.28 inch), diameter of rim 22 mm (0.87 inch), diameter of footring 33 mm (1.30 inch), weight 84 grams (2.96 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two cartouches containing a flower separated by a scale or concentric waves pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Two tiny glaze frits to the rim.

 

References:

Honey 1944, Plate 147 (e)

Miedema 1964, cat. S98

Harrisson 1979, cat. 164

Adhyatman 1999,  cat. 150

 

Price: € 99 - $ 110 - £ 85

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

201061
201061

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 201061

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 57 mm (2,24 inch), diameter 55 mm (2.17 inch), diameter of rim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 105 grams (3.70 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a flat unglazed base with an angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with four stylized lotus leaves separated by clusters of the character ta (great). Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Two very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

References: 

Miedema 1964, cat. S100

Harrisson 1979, cat. 169

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1981, cat. 106 

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 150

 

Price: € 199 - $ 222 - £ 171

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011865
2011865

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 2

 

Object 2011865

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

  

Height 95 mm (3.74 inch), diameter 77 mm (3.03 inch), diameter of rim 32 mm (1.26 inch), diameter of footring 40 mm (1.57 inch), weight 229 grams (8.08 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring, baluster shaped with angled shoulder and a short slightly spreading upright neck. Crackled glaze. Polychrome decorated in overglaze green enamel and iron-red with various flowering plants. Round the neck a border with spiralling motifs.

 

Condition: A chip to the rim and some glaze flaws to the body caused during the firing process.

 

Reference:

Harrisson 1979, p.81

 

Price: € 249 - $ 277 - £ 214

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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