Pater Gratia Oriental Art

Chinese Porcelain

 

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650

 

Jarlets

 

Page 1

Jingdezhen was the production centre of export porcelain, but smaller kilns in southern China competed on Asian markets. A group of factories in the south of Fujian province was particularly active. Their products are referred to by the old name of 'Swatow', which is derived from the harbour from where these wares were allegedly shipped. However, recent archaeological research has proved that in fact they were produced in the Zhangzhou area in a variety of kilns. Thick-bodied porcelain or stoneware dishes, jars, jarlets and covered boxes were made here from around 1570. Bowls, bottles, vases and kendis are more rare.

The output was exported to Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Japan, but not to Europe, where this type was regarded as too heavy and coarse. The Portuguese – and later the VOC (Dutch East India Company, 1602–1799) – used Swatow as a commodity in their inter-Asian trade. The type is known in underglaze blue, in overglaze enamels and in combinations of the two. The decorations are largely derived from Jiajing and kraak porcelain made for export in Jingdezhen, but the quality of their painting is usually noticeably inferior. Landscapes with birds or deer, for instance, were sometimes drawn so quickly and sketchily that it is difficult to see what exactly is depicted. Dishes and jars often have much kiln grit adhering to their bases and their thick, milky glaze can be heavily crackled. Rather unusual are dishes with an underglaze monochrome brown or blue, decorated in white slib with dots and lines a technique only seen on Swatow wares. Also exclusive to Swatow are dishes decorated in green enamels with Arabic inscriptions that were made for the sultans in Aceh (northern Sumatra). The large jars were used to transport and stored dried fish, pickled vegetables, arak, oil, etc. Small jars contained cosmetic oils or magical fluids, while covered boxes held a paste, an ointment or whatever the owner wanted to keep in it. Swatow was highly regarded in Indonesia and for centuries pieces were cherished as family heirlooms (pusaka porcelain). Almost all Swatow in the Netherlands was collected in the former Dutch Indies and ended up here. The civil wars in China in the mid-17th century interrupted porcelain exports from Jingdezhen, but brought an end to Swatow production.

These jarlets, supposedly made as containers for the export of oil and ointments in small quantities to consumers all over Southeast Asia, were mass-produced over centuries. As empties, they were part of every kitchen. With the passage of time, they became heirlooms and antiquities of small value. (Harrison 1979, p.81)

 

These jarlets were unearthed in large quantities particularly in Indonesia. These kind of jarlets were mass-produced over centuries and are very common in Southeast Asia where they, apart from being used as burial objects, were used for medicines, unguents and cosmetics. (Rinaldi 1989, pp.88-91)

 

According to Adhyatman, the smaller jarlets were used in former times as containers of medicine. (Adhyatman 1999, pp.28-29)

2011194
2011194

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 2011194

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter 85 mm (3.35 inch), diameter of rim 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of footring 61 mm (2.40 inch), weight 253 grams (8.92 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring with angled shoulder and a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with a continuous decoration of a galloping horse placed between leaf-scrolls. Around the shoulder four ruyi overlapping a ponited lotus leaf pattern border.

 

For identically decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Two chips to the inner footring, a polished edge.

 

References:

Volker 1954, reprint 1971, Pl. XXVII, cat. 46b

Miedema 1964, cat. S86

Harrison 1979, cat. 159

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 149

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 257

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

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201056
201056

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 201056

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

  

Height 85 mm (3.35 inch), diameter 77 mm (3.03 inch), diameter of rim 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 201 grams (7.09 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring, nearly vertical sides and an angled shoulder, a short upright neck with a slightly flaring rim. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with three panels filled with a spotted deer, rocks and plants. Around the shoulder a ruyi head pattern border.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: A tiny frit to the rim and at some places some glaze flaws where the glaze did not catch on to the body during the firing process.

 

References:

Berlin 1929, cat. 686

Volker 1954, reprint 1971, Pl. IV, cat. 5c

Miedema 1964, cat. S87

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 53

Harrisson 1979, cat. 153

Adhyatman 1999, cat 150

 

Price: € 349 - $ 389 - £ 299

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011209
2011209

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 2011209

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 80 mm (3.15 inch), diameter 94 mm (3.70 inch), diameter of rim 27 mm (1.06 inch), diameter of footring 52 mm (2.05 inch), weight 314 grams (11.08 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring, with angled shoulder and a short upright neck with a slightly flaring rim. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two panels filled with spotted deer, rocks and plants separated by a concentric waves or scale pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Some chips to the footring, a smoothened rim.

 

References:

Berlin 1929, cat. 687

Harrisson 1979, p.81

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 12

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 150

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 257

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011321
2011321

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 2011321

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 69 mm (2.71 inch), diameter 85 mm (3.35 inch), diameter of rim 25 mm (0.98 inch), diameter of footring 50 mm (1.97 inch), weight 230 grams (8.11 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring with an angled shoulder and a short upright, shortened and smoothened, neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with two panels filled with a spotted deer, rocks and plants, separated by a concentric waves or scale pattern. Around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Two chips to the footring, a smoothened (shortened) rim with some firing flaws to the glaze.

 

References:

Berlin 1929, cat. 687

Harrisson 1979, p.81

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 12

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 150

 

Price: € 249 - $ 277 - £ 214

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011155
2011155

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 2011155

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 73 mm (2.87 inch), diameter 84 mm (3.31 inch), diameter of rim 30 mm (1.18 inch), Diameter of footring 51 mm (2.01 inch), weight 194 grams (6.84 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring with an angled shoulder, a short upright neck with a flaring rim. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with a Lion alternating with a symbol with ribbons, around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border. 

 

For an identically decorated jarlet, please see:

Condition: A chip a frit and some worn of glaze to the rim. A large and small chip to the inner footring. An unglazed part on the lower body.

 

References:

Harrisson 1979, p.81

Pijl-Ketel 1982, p.211, inv,no: NG 1977-114W

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 257

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

201054
201054

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 201054

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 55 mm (2.17 inch), diameter 66 mm (2.60 inch), diameter of rim 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of footring 40 mm (1.58 inch), weight 85 grams (3.00 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on a wide footring with an angled shoulder, a short upright neck with a flaring rim. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with  two panels filled with a spotted deer or haze, rocks and plants, around the shoulder a lotus leaf pattern border and on the neck a single concentric band.

 

For similarly decorated jarlets, please see:

Condition: Some glaze chips to the rim and .

 

References:

Volker 1954, reprint 1971, Pl. IV, cat. 5b

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1982, cat. 12

Adhyatman 1999, cat. 150

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 257

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

201055
201055

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 201055

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

 

Height 44 mm (1.73 inch), diameter 49 mm (1.93 inch), diameter of rim 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of base 34 mm (1.34 inch), weight 69 grams (2.43 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring, nearly vertical sides and an angled shoulder, a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue, with two panels each filled with a deer or haze and rocks.

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

Reference:

Adhyatman 1999, pp.28-29

 

Price: € 299 - $ 333 - £ 257

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011749
2011749

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 2011749

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

  

Height 88 mm (3.46 inch), diameter 89 mm (3.50 inch), diameter of rim 23 mm (0.91 inch), diameter of footring 54 mm (2.13 inch), weight 298 grams (10.51 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring, nearly vertical sides and an angled shoulder, a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with a reclining deer alternating with a tree and flowering plants. Around the shoulder two florets between scrolls.

 

For an identically decorated jarlet, please see:

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 55

Harrison 1979, p.81

 

Price: € 349 - $ 389 - £ 299

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>

2011803
2011803

Zhangzhou (Swatow) wares 1570-1650 - Jarlets - Page 1

 

Object 2011803

 

Jarlet

 

(Southeast) China, Zhangzhou (Swatow)

 

1570-1650

  

Height 84 mm (3.30 inch), diameter 90 mm (3.54 inch), diameter of rim 21 mm (0.83 inch), diameter of footring 57 mm (2.24 inch), weight 290 grams (10.23 ounce (oz.))

 

Jarlet on footring, nearly vertical sides and an angled shoulder, a short upright neck. Crackled glaze. Decorated in underglaze blue with a deer alternating with a tree and flowering plants. Around the shoulder two florets between scrolls.

 

For an identically decorated jarlet, please see:

Condition: A firing flaw and two frits to the rim, two tiny frits to the outer footring.

 

References:

Lunsingh Scheurleer 1977, cat. 55

Harrison 1979, p.81

 

Price: € 249 - $ 277 - £ 214

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

 

More pictures >>