Pater Gratia Oriental Art

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Sold Ceramics - Sold Chine de commande - Western Subjects 1680-1800 - Various Subjects - Outdoor Scenes - Page 1


Object 2012228


Chocolate cup





Height 66 mm (2.60 inch), diameter 60 mm (2.36 inch), diameter of mouthrim 58 mm (2.28 inch), diameter of footring 30 mm (1.18 inch), weight 82 grams (2.89 ounce (oz.))


Chocolate cup with handle, on footring. Decorated in various overglaze enamels with a father, sitting beside his daughter holding her hand, looking at his wife holding a shepherdess-staff in a landscape with mountains and trees. The handle is flanked with a river scape in a medallion its coners with smaller medallions filled trees.


Cups of this shape, which always have a handle, are usually called coffee cups, but in fact are chocolate cups. This is made clear from the numerous references and descriptions of "chocolate cups with handles" in the records of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). Orders state that "the cups must be straight without overhanging rims", the cup narrower inside. An average height of 70 mm is given and is stressed that the diameter of the rim should be equal to the height. Drawn models of 1758 which have fortunately been preserved, show four cups of this shape with different handles, which are specified as "chocolate cups" in the description. Large tea, coffee and chocolate services always included this type of cup, but they could be bought separately as well. Enamelled cups and saucers were bought by the Company for around 20 cents and sold in the Netherlands for around 50 cents apiece.  (Jörg & Van Campen 1997, p.215, cat. 240)


This Chine de Commande scene is probably taken from a European print, of which the original has not yet been identified.

Condition: A frit and a chip to the inner rim.



Jörg 1982/1, p.112, fig. 46

Jörg 1986/1, p.69, cat. 56

Jörg & Van Campen 1997, cat. 240


Price: Sold.


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