Pater Gratia Oriental Art

The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

The Nanking Cargo

 

1752

 

On Monday January 3, 1752, the Dutch East India Company, (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) ship Geldermalsen, struck a reef on her return journey to the Netherlands and sank in the South China Sea. Of the crew 32 survived and 80 went down with the ship and her cargo of tea, raw silk, textiles, dried wares, groceries, lacquer and porcelain. 

 

The cargo of Chinese porcelain was originally potted in Jingdezhen, Jiangzi province then shipped to Nanking for delivery to the Dutch East India Company, (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) ship Geldermalsen for final transportation to the Netherlands. The Geldermalsen struck a reef on her return journey to the Netherlands and sank in the South China Sea on January 3, 1752. The cargo was recovered by Captain Michael Hatcher and his team in 1985 and sold by Christie's Amsterdam on 28 April - 2 May 1985 as 'The Nanking Cargo. Chinese Export Porcelain and Gold' two hundred and thirty five years later. (Jörg 1986/1. pp.39-59).

 

An interesting detail is that Captain Michael Hatcher found the wreck of the Geldermalsen on the same reef as he earlier, in 1983, found the wreck of a Chinese junk. both wrecks were about a mile apart. This Chinese Junk wreck came to be known as "The Hatcher Junk" she had a cargo of Kraak and Transitional porcelain objects that were dated c.1643. (Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, p.27)

 

Please wait. It may take some time for all objects to load.

2011621
2011621

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2011621

  

Beer mug

 

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752

 

Height 139 mm (5.47 inch), diameter of mouthrim 110 mm (4.33 inch), diameter of footring 100 mm (3.94 inch), weight 839 grams (29.60 ounce (oz.))

 

Cylindrical beer mug a footring with loop strap handle and a glazed base. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Peony' pattern middle size with a tree peony issuing from rockwork on a terrace below trellis pattern border. (Amsterdam 1986, p.46) On the base the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of two similar beer mugs sold in lot 1537.

 

Of the 821 beer mugs bought in, no less than 681 have been recovered. The beer mugs found by Hatcher occur in three increasing sizes and represent the one pint, one and a half pint, and the two pint varieties. (Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, p.137) the one pint mug was not bought in, or not recovered by Hatcher. They are all decorated in Chinese Imari and a few enamels (rose, green), now blackened due to being submerged in salt sea water for two and a half century. In the handle a small hole has been made on purpose intended for the silver or other metal lid that would customarily have been added in Europe. (Jörg 1986/1. pp.92-93

 

In total 189 beer mugs with the 'Peony' pattern middle size, were sold divided over the lots: 1515-1570. (Amsterdam 1986. pp.46-51)

 

Condition: Two chips to the rim and three to the footring.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 1515-1570

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 85

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 179

 

Price: € 749 - $ 1,018 - £ 609

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2011620
2011620

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2011620

  

Beer mug

 

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752

 

Height 105 mm (4.13 inch), diameter of mouthrim 87 mm (3.43 inch), diameter of footring 87 mm (3.43 inch), weight 452 grams (15.94 ounce (oz.))

 

Cylindrical beer mug a footring with loop strap handle and a glazed base. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Peony' pattern small size with a tree peony issuing from rockwork on a terrace below trellis pattern border. (Amsterdam 1986, p.46) On the base the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of two similar beer mugs sold in lot 1598.

 

Of the 821 beer mugs bought in, no less than 681 have been recovered. The beer mugs found by Hatcher occur in three increasing sizes and represent the one pint, one and a half pint, and the two pint varieties. (Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, p.137) the one pint mug was not bought in, or not recovered by Hatcher. They are all decorated in Chinese Imari and a few enamels (rose, green), now blackened due to being submerged in salt sea water for two and a half century. In the handle a small hole has been made on purpose intended for the silver or other metal lid that would customarily have been added in Europe. (Jörg 1986/1. pp.92-93

 

In total 471 beer mugs with the 'Peony' pattern small size, were sold divided over the lots: 1582-1672. (Amsterdam 1986. pp.46-51)

 

Condition: A firing flaw to the inner wall. A fleabite with a short V-shaped hairline to the rim and a chip to the handle and rim,

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 1582-1672

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 85

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 179

 

Price: € 499 - $ 695 - £ 410

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2011167
2011167

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2011167

 

Dish

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of rim 232 mm (9.13 inch), diameter of footring 122 mm (4.80 inch), weight 388 grams (13.69 ounce (oz.))

 

Dish on a footring with a flattened rim and a glazed base. Decorated in underglaze blue with the "Boatman and six-flower border" pattern in blue and enamels. Painted with a fisherman punting his boat in a wide river landscape, with two-storey pavilion beside pine and tall rockwork at the near bank within a band of spearheads at the well, the border with six fruit and flower sprays including pomegranate within a band of trellis-pattern at the rim. (Amsterdam 1986On the dish the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of 48 similar dishes sold in lot 2013. All the Imari decoration has been eroded by the sea now remaining only visible as ghostly outlines.

 

In total 1,218 dishes with the 'Boatman and six-flower border' pattern in blue and enamels were sold divided over the lots: 2001-2028. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: A tiny firing flaw or frit to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lots 2001-2028

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 63

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, pp.115-122

 

Price: € 499 - $ 686 - £ 412

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010533
2010533

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010533

 

Bowl

 

China

 

c.1751

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 82 mm (3.23 inch), diameter of rim 190 mm (7.48 inch), diameter of footring 95 mm (3.74 inch), weight 447 grams (15.77 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. Polychrome decorated, only visible in ghost form, all the enamels have been eroded by the salt sea water, with the 'Other' patterns, two birds in flight between peony and a branch of flowering peach. (Amsterdam 1986, p.130) On the bowl the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of 59 bowls sold in lot 3160.

 

In total 119 bowls with the 'Other' patterns, (two birds in flight between peony and a branch of flowering peach), were sold divided over the lots: 3158-3160. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: One glaze chip to the rim, three glaze frits to the rim and one to the footring.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 3158-3160

Jörg 1986/1, pp.39-59

 

Price: € 349 - $ 489 - £ 305

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010323
2010323

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010323

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1752

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

  

Height 70 mm (2.76 inch), diameter of rim 150 mm (5.91 inch), diameter of footring 65 mm (2.56 inch), weight 305 grams (10.78 ounce (oz.))

 

Bowl on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. The rim in underglaze brown (jia mangkou). (Sargent 2012, p.183) Chinese Imari decorated in underglaze blue, and overglaze iron-red with the "Peony Rock" pattern. Painted with peony, chrysanthemum, bamboo and flowering peach issuing from a rocky terrace on the exterior and a camellia spray in the interior below a trellis-pattern border. (Amsterdam 1986, p.128) On the bowl the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of 120 bowls sold in lot 3151. (all the gold and near all the iron-red decoration has worn of, only on the bottom the iron-red decoration is partially visible) 

 

In total 2,779 bowls with the 'Peony Rock' landscape pattern, were sold divided over the lots: 3126-3157. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: Perfect.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 3126-3157

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 82

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 189

Sargent 2012, cat. 87

 

Price: € 499 - $ 681 - £ 415

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2011505
2011505

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2011505

 

Bowl

 

China

 

1752

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of rim 165 mm (6.50 inch), diameter of footring 73 mm (2.87 inch), weight 327 grams (11.54 ounce (oz.))

  

Bowl on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Scholar on Bridge' pattern in blue and enamels, middle size. Painted with a scholar crossing a bridge between two rocky islets with a pavilion and retreats beside pine on the exterior. (Amsterdam 1986, p.121) On the base the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of 48 bowls sold in lot 3036.

 

In total only 578 bowls with the 'Scholar on Bridge' pattern in blue and enamels, middle size, were sold divided over the lots: 3020-3040. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: Perfect, some spots were the glaze did not catch on to the body during the firing process and two plopped bubbles of glaze to rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 3020-3040

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 81

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.188

 

Price: € 399 - $ 541 - £ 331

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010507
2010507

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010507

  

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752

 

Height of teacup 39 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 46 grams (1.62 ounce (oz.))

Height of saucer 19 mm (0.75 inch), diameter of rim 117 mm (4.61 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch), weight 56 grams (1.98 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings with straight rims and glazed bases. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern. Painted with a double-roofed pavilion on the slope of a riverbank, a leafy tree overhanging at the back and two outcrops of rock sloping down to the water, a smaller island at the left, beneath a band of trellis-pattern at the rim. (Amsterdam 1986, p.239) On both teacup and saucer the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving they have been one of 288 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5191.

 

In total 2,982 teacups and saucers and 934 teacups without saucers with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern, were sold divided over the lots: 5179-5196 & 5197-5203. (Amsterdam 1986)

  

Condition teacup: A very tiny fleabite to the rim.

Condition saucer: A few very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5179-5203

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 50

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 142

 

Price: € 249 - $ 332 - £ 207

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010208
2010208

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010208 

  

Teacup and saucer

 

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752

 

Height of teacup 37 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 38 grams (1.34 ounce (oz.))

Height 20 mm (0.79 inch), diameter of rim 115 mm (4.53 inch), diameter of footring 70 mm (2.76 inch), weight 59 grams (2.08 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup and saucer on footrings with straight rims and glazed bases. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern. Painted with a double-roofed pavilion on the slope of a riverbank, a leafy tree overhanging at the back and two outcrops of rock sloping down to the water, a smaller island at the left, beneath a band of trellis-pattern at the rim. (Amsterdam 1986, p.239) On both teacup and saucer the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving they have been one of 288 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5191.

 

In total 2,982 teacups and saucers and 934 teacups without saucers with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern, were sold divided over the lots: 5179-5196 & 5197-5203. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition teacup: A hairline to the rim..

Condition saucer: A few very tiny fleabites to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5179-5203

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 50

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 142

 

Price: € 249 - $ 345 - £ 206

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

201018
201018

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 201018

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1752

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 28 mm (1.10 inch), diameter of rim 130 mm (5.12 inch), diameter of footring 80 mm (3.15 inch), weight 78 grams (2.75 ounce (oz.))

  

Saucer on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. Polychrome decorated in various overglaze enamels with the "Daisy Terrace" pattern. Painted with daisy, camellia and lingzhi, issuing from a terrace enclosed at the right by a fence with kidney-shaped apertures, below a band of spear-heads at the rim. (Amsterdam 1986, p.237) On the saucer the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one saucer of 100 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5167.

 

In total 396 teacups and saucers and 1,600 teacups without saucers with the Daisy Terrace" pattern, were sold divided over the lots: 5160-5168 & 5169-5172. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: A frit with a hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5160-5172

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 55

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 147

 

Price: € 399 - $ 548 - £ 330

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010423
2010423

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010423

 

Saucer

 

China 

 

1752

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 116 mm (4.57 inch), diameter of footring 72 mm (2.84 inch), weight 64 grams (2.26 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. Decorated in underglaze blue with the 'Pagoda Riverscape' pattern, large size. Painted at the right with a double-roofed pagoda on a rocky riverbank dividing straggling leafless trees and shrubs, an island appearing in the background at the left. On the rim a trellis pattern border. (Amsterdam 1986, p.224) On the saucer the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been 200 similar saucers sold in lot 5076.

 

In total 9,328 teacups and saucers and 794 saucers without bowls with the 'Pagoda Riverscape' pattern, large size, were sold divided over the lots: 5033-5066 & 5067-5077. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: A rough footring.

 

References: 

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5067-5077

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 49

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 137 &  Pl.141

Kassel 1990, Abb. 74

 

Price: € 119 - $ 158 - £ 99

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010122M
2010122M

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010122M

 

Saucer

 

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752

 

Height 18 mm (0.71 inch), diameter of rim 101 mm (3.98 inch), diameter of footring 60 mm (2.36 inch), weight 52 grams (1.83 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed bases. Decorated in underglaze blue with the 'Blue Pine' pattern, small size. Painted with a roundel of two leafy pines intertwining on a grassy rocky terrace, blow two borders of trellis-pattern reserved with stylised four petal flower heads. (Amsterdam 1986, p.252) On both teacup and saucer the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving they have been one of 500 similar teacups and saucers sold in lot 5580.

 

In total 4,300 teacups and saucers and 1,788 saucers without teacups with the 'Blue Pine' pattern, small size, were sold divided over the lots: 5551-5578 & 5579-5599. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: A hairline to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5551-5599

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 51

 

Price: € 149 - $ 206 - £ 130

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2010695
2010695

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2010695

  

Teacup

  

China

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

1752 

 

Height 39 mm (1.46 inch), diameter of rim 75 mm (2.95 inch), diameter of footring 35 mm (1.38 inch), weight 38 grams (1.34 ounce (oz.))

 

Teacup on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern. Painted with a double-roofed pavilion on the slope of a riverbank, a leafy tree overhanging at the back and two outcrops of rock sloping down to the water, a smaller island at the left, beneath a band of trellis-pattern at the rim. (Amsterdam 1986, p.239) On the teacup the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo lot label proving it has been one of 200 similar teacups sold in lot 5200. The original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale lot label to the base is missing.

 

In total 2,982 teacups and saucers and 934 teacups without saucers with the 'Imari Pavilion' pattern, were sold divided over the lots: 5179-5196 & 5197-5203. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: A firing flaw and five very tiny < 1 mm (0.04 inch) fleabites to the rim.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lots 5197-5203

Jörg 1986/1, fig. 50

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl. 142

 

Price: € 119 - $ 155 - £ 99

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)

2011557
2011557

Shipwreck porcelains - The Nanking Cargo, 1752

 

Object 2011557

 

Saucer

 

China

 

1752

 

Provenance: The Nanking Cargo sale, Christie's Amsterdam, 28 April - 2 May 1986

 

Height 24 mm (0.94 inch), diameter of rim 135 mm (5.32 inch), diameter of footring 80 mm (3.15 inch), weight 95 grams (3.35 ounce (oz.))

 

Saucer on a footring with a straight rim and a glazed base. Chinese Imari, decorated in underglaze blue, iron-red and gold with the 'Chrysanthemum Rock' pattern in blue and enamels. Painted with chrysanthemum, bamboo and daisy issuing around a jagged outcrop of blue rockwork. On the rim a trellis-pattern border. (Amsterdam 1986, p.263) On the saucer the original Christie's The Nanking Cargo sale label proving it has been one of 130 similar saucers sold in lot 5715.

 

In total 1,382 teacups and saucers and 394 saucers without bowls with the 'Chrysanthemum Rock' pattern in blue and enamels were sold divided over the lots: 5693-5709 & 5710-5715. (Amsterdam 1986)

 

Condition: A frit to the footring.

 

References:

Amsterdam 1986, lot 5710-5715

Jörg 1986/1, pp.39-59

Sheaf & Kilburn 1988, Pl.146

 

Price: € 199 - $ 272 - £ 163

(the $ and £ prices are approximates and depend on the € price exchange rate)